# Class 12 RD Sharma Solutions- Chapter 5 Algebra of Matrices – Exercise 5.4

### Question 1: Let A =and B = verify that

(i) (2A)T = 2AT

(ii) (A + B)T = AT + BT

(iii) (A âˆ’ B)T = AT âˆ’ BT

(iv) (AB)T = BT AT

Solution:

(i) Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(2A)T = 2AT

Substitute the value of A

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence, proved.

(ii) Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(A+B)T = AT + BT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence, proved.

(iii) Given: A= and B=

Assume,

(A âˆ’ B)T = AT âˆ’ BT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence, proved

(iv) Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(AB)T = BTAT

Therefore, (AB)T = BTAT

Hence, proved.

### Question 2: A =and B =  Verify that (AB)T = BTAT

Solution:

Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(AB)T = BTAT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence proved

### Find AT, BT and verify that

(i) (A + B)T = AT + BT

(ii) (AB)T = BTAT

(iii) (2A)T = 2AT

Solution:

(i) Given: A =

and B =

Assume

(A + B)T = AT + BT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence proved

(ii) Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(AB)T = BTAT

L.H.S =R.H.S

Hence proved

(iii) Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(2A)T = 2AT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence proved

### Question 4: if A = , B = , verify that (AB)T = BTAT

Solution:

Given: A = and B =

Assume,

(AB)T = BTAT

L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence proved

### Question 5: If A = and B = , find (AB)T

Solution:

Given: A = and B =

Here we have to find (AB)T

Hence,

(AB)T

### (i) For two matrices A and B,   verify that (AB)T = BTAT

Solution:

Given,

(AB)T = BTAT

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’ L.H.S = R.H.S

Hence,

(AB)T = BTAT

### (ii) For the matrices A and B, verify that (AB)T = BTAT, where

Solution:

Given,

(AB)T = BTAT

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’ L.H.S = R.H.s

So,

(AB)T = BTAT

### Question 7: Find , AT – BT

Solution:

Given that

We need to find AT – BT.

Given that,

Let us find AT – BT

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

### Question 8: If , then verify that A’A = 1

Solution:

â‡’

â‡’

â‡’

Hence,we have verified that A’A = I

### Question 9: , then verify that A’A = I

Solution:

Hence, we have verified that A’A = I

### Where

Solution:

Given,

li, mi, ni are direction cosines of three mutually perpendicular vectors

â‡’

And,

Given,

= I

Hence,

AAT = I

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