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CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24 Download Free PDF

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The board has released the CBSE Syllabus for Class 10 for the academic year 2023-24. This syllabus is a valuable resource for students getting ready for their board exams, providing the course structure, unit mark distribution, and allocated periods for each unit. In addition, it also contains all the relevant information about reference books, projects, assignments, and practicals.

A comprehensive understanding of the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus will assist students in effectively planning their studies. You will find the links to the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus PDF for all the major subjects on this page. Before beginning their exam preparation, students of CBSE Class 10 should review the syllabus for each subject. This will enable them to familiarize themselves with the topics and concepts that will be covered in each subject. It’s important to note that the board exam question paper is aligned with the CBSE 10th syllabus.

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus

In this article, we will provide a detailed overview of the CBSE Class 10th Syllabus for the academic year 2023-24, highlighting the key features, changes, and importance of the syllabus for students, teachers, and parents. This will help students to plan their studies more effectively and secure good marks in the Class 10 board exams.

About CBSE Class 10 Syllabus

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is one of India’s most prominent educational boards, and CBSE Class 10 is a crucial milestone in a student’s academic journey. This stage not only marks the end of secondary education but also lays the foundation for higher studies. To excel in Class 10, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the CBSE Class 10 syllabus, which serves as a roadmap for students and educators alike. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into the CBSE Class 10 syllabus, exploring its structure, subjects, and significance.

How is the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus Important?

CBSE syllabus is an all-inclusive guide for the course structure and course curriculum offered in an academic session. CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24 has all the elements necessary to understand the type and volume of contents prescribed by the board. With the help of CBSE syllabus, it would be easy for students to know the chapter-wise topics to be covered throughout the year. In addition to this, the unit-wise weightage distribution prescribed in the syllabus will give them an idea of the important parts of the syllabus that must be covered with extra attention and focus.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for all Subjects 2023-24 – Download Syllabus

As per the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus guidelines, students are required to study. Click on the links below to access the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for all subjects. In addition to the theory subjects, the practical Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 can also be found by students in the CBSE board syllabus.

Class 10 marks a pivotal moment in every student’s life. The outcome of Class 10 will determine the stream they choose for higher studies. During the revision phase, the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus proves highly beneficial, enabling students to monitor their progress on studied topics and identify areas that require further attention. In Class 10, practicals hold equal significance alongside theory. For science practicals, activities, and project work, students can access the complete list through the CBSE Class 10 Science Practicals.

CBSE Class 10 Scheme of Studies

The table provided depicts the scheme of studies for Class 10 students, consisting of 5 compulsory subjects, 2 optional subjects, and 2 subjects designated for internal assessment.

Type

Subject Name



Compulsory Subjects

Language 1

Language 2

Science

Mathematics

Social Science


Optional

Skill Subject

Language 3 / Any Academic subject other than those opted for above

Subjects of Internal

Assessment

Art Education

Health and Physical Education

Students will discover the downloadable PDF of the CBSE 10th Syllabus, which includes the marks weightage for each subject. They are advised to prepare for the board exam according to the prescribed syllabus.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus Maths 2023-24

Class 10 Maths curriculum is the foundation course for various competitive exams like JEE, NEET, Olympiads, etc. Therefore, GeeksforGeeks presented all the concepts covered in various numbers of the article that covers the whole syllabus of CBSE class 10 Maths in detail, along with every chapter categorized into relevant topics prescribed by the CBSE board and as per the syllabus given in NCERT Class 10 Maths textbooks.

CBSE Class 10 Maths Detailed Syllabus 2023-24

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Real Numbers

Chapter 2: Polynomials

Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in two variables

Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations 

Chapter 5: Arithmetic Progressions 

Chapter 6: Triangles

Chapter 7: Coordinate Geometry

Chapter 8: Introduction to Trigonometry

Chapter 9: Some Applications of Trigonometry 

Chapter 10: Circles

Chapter 11: Constructions

Chapter 12: Areas Related to Circles

Chapter 13: Surface Areas and Volumes 

Chapter 14: Statistics 

Chapter 15: Probability

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Science 2023-24

The current syllabus is organized on seven major themes: Food; Materials; The World of Living; How Things Work; Moving Things, People, and Ideas; Natural Phenomena, and Natural Resources. Extra attention was made to avoid the inclination of adding more topics that can be learned easily in the allotted time. There has been no attempt to be exhaustive. While science remains a popular subject, the disciplines of physics, chemistry, and biology begin to form during this time. Students should be exposed to experiences based on hands-on activities as well as the subject’s common techniques of thinking.

Therefore GeeksforGeeks presented all the concepts covered in various numbers of the article that covers the whole syllabus of CBSE class 10 Science in detail.

Checkout – CBSE Class 10 Term 1 Science Answer Key 2021

CBSE Class 10 Science Detailed Syllabus 2023-24

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chapter 2: Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter 3: Metals and non–metals

Chapter 4: Carbon and its Compounds

Chapter 5: Periodic Classification of Elements

Chapter 6: Life Processes

Chapter 7: Control and Co-ordination

Chapter 8: How do organisms reproduce?

Chapter 9: Heredity and Evolution

Chapter 10: Light – Reflection and Refraction

Chapter 11: Human eye and colourful world

Chapter 12: Electricity

Chapter 13: Magnetic Effects of Current

Chapter 14: Sources of Energy

Chapter 15: Our Environment  

Chapter 16: Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

List of Class 10 Science Practical/Experiments:

S. no.

Experiment Statement

Corresponding Unit

1.A, Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:
  • Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
  • Dilute NaOH solution
  • Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
  • Lemon juice
  • Water
  • Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution
Unit–I
B. Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
  • Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
  • Zinc metal
  • Solid sodium carbonate
2. 

Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:

A. Combination reaction

B. Decomposition reaction

C. Displacement reaction

D. Double displacement reaction

  • Action of water on quicklime
  • Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
  • Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
  • Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions.
Unit-I
3. A. Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
  • ZnSO4 (aq)
  • FeSO4 (aq)
  • CuSO4 (aq)
  • Al2(SO4)3 (aq)
Unit-I
B. Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu, and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result
4.Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determining its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.Unit-IV
5. Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.Unit-IV
6. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata. Unit- II
7. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration. Unit-II
8.Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):Odour
Solubility in water
Effect on litmus
Reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
Unit- I
9.Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.Unit- I
10.Determination of the focal length of (i) Concave mirror and (ii) Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object. Unit-III
11.Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, and angle of emergence and interpret the result.Unit-III
12.Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slidesUnit-II
13.Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.Unit-IV
14. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean)Unit-II

Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2023-24

The material of the Social Science curriculum is primarily derived from history, geography, politics, and economics. There are also elements of Sociology and Commerce. They provide a holistic view of society in space and time, as well as in relation to one another. The numerous techniques of inquiry used in each topic assist students in understanding society from many perspectives and forming a comprehensive vision. 

Therefore, GeeksforGeeks presented all the concepts covered in various numbers of the article that covers the whole syllabus of CBSE class 10  Social Science in detail, along with every chapter categorized into relevant topics prescribed by the CBSE board and as per the syllabus given in NCERT Class 10 Social Science textbooks.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Detailed Syllabus 2023-2024

Unit – I: India and the Contemporary World – II 

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Chapter 2: Nationalism in India

Chapter 3: The Making of a Global World

Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialization

Chapter 5: Print Culture and the Modern World

Unit – II: Contemporary India – II 

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Resources and Development                       

Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife

Chapter 3: Water Resources

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries

Chapter 7: Life Lines of National Economy

Unit – III: Democratic Politics – II (50 Periods)

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Power Sharing                                                                                   

Chapter 2: Federalism

Chapter 4: Gender, Religion, and Caste

Chapter 6: Political Parties

Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy 

Unit – IV: Understanding Economic Development (50 Periods)

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Development

Chapter 2: Sectors of the Indian Economy

Chapter 3: Money and Credit

Chapter 4: Globalization and the Indian Economy

Chapter 5: Consumer Rights (to be used as project work only).

Class 10 English Syllabus 2023-24

The English curriculum of Class 10 builds greater confidence and proficiency in oral and written communication. Therefore, develop the ability and knowledge required in order to engage in independent reflection and inquiry and also the use of appropriate English to communicate in various social settings. Thus the Syllabus of Class 10 English is designed in such a way that it can cover also the major parts of English appropriately. 

CBSE Class 10 English Detailed Syllabus 2023-2024

Section – A: Reading

  • Discursive passage (400-450 words)
  • Case-based Factual passage (with visual input/ statistical data/ chart etc. 300-350 words) 
  • Multiple Choice Questions based on a Case-based factual passage (with visual input statistical data, chart, etc.) of 300-350 words to test analysis and interpretation. 
  • Ten out of twelve questions are to be answered.

Section – B: Writing & Grammar

Section 1: Formal letter based on a given situation.
  • Letter to the Editor
  • Letter of Complaint (Official)
  • Letter of Complaint (Business)
  • Letter of Order
  • Letter of Enquiry
Section 2: Analytical Paragraph (based on outline/chart/cue/map/report etc.)
Section 3: Tenses
Section 4: Modals
Section 5: Subject-Verb Concord
Section 6: Determiner
Section 7: Reported Speech
Section 8: Commands and Requests
Section 9: Statements and Questions
Section 10: Use of Passive Voice
Section 11: Clauses: Noun, Adverb clauses of condition and time, Relative Clauses
Section 12: Prepositions

Section – C: Literature

English Literature Book 1: First Flight                                                                                         
English Literature Book 2: Footprints without feets

Class 10 Computer Applications Syllabus 2023-24

The Computer Applications curriculum of Class 10 is made in such a way that it may help a student to create a simple website, even embed images, audio, and video in an HTML page and use style sheets to beautify the web pages. In this class, the unit Scratch/Python enables learners to write iterative programs with Scratch/Python, Interface a website with a web server, and record the details of a user’s request. Also, an important chapter called Cyberethics leads to understanding and following basic Cyber rules and ethics. And hence, this whole syllabus enables students to familiarize themselves with network concepts as well.

CBSE Class 10 Computer Applications Detailed Syllabus 2023-2024

Unit Name

Important Topics Covered in Particular Chapters

Unit 1: Networking                                                               

  • Internet: World Wide Web, Web servers, Web clients, Web sites, Web pages, Web browsers, Blogs, news groups,
  • HTML, web address, e-mail address,
  • Downloading and uploading files from a remote site.
  • Internet protocols: TCP/IP, SMTP, POP3, HTTP, HTTPS.
  • Remote login and file transfer protocols: SSH, SFTP, FTP, SCP, TELNET, SMTP, TCP/IP
  • Services available on the internet: information retrieval, locating sites using search engines and finding people on the net;
  • Web services: chat, email, video conferencing, e-Learning, e-Banking, eShopping, e-Reservation, e-Governance, e-Groups, social networking.
  • Mobile technologies: SMS, MMS, 3G, 4G.

 Unit 2: HTML

  • Introduction to web page designing using HTML: create and save an HTML document, and access a web page using a web browser.
  • HTML tags: html, head, title, body, (attributes: text, background, bgcolor, link, vlink, alink), br (break), hr(horizontal rule), inserting comments, h1..h6 (heading), p (paragraph), b (bold), i (italics), u (underline), ul (unordered list), ol (ordered list), and li (list item). Description lists: dl, dt and dd. Attributes of ol (start, type), ul (type).
  • Font tags (attributes: face, size, color).
  • Insert images: img (attributes: src, width, height, alt), sup (superscript), sub (subscript).
  • HTML Forms: Textbox, radio buttons, checkbox, password, list, combobox.
  • Embed audio and video in a HTML page.
  • Create a table using the tags: table, tr, th, td, rowspan, colspan
  • Links: significance of linking, anchor element (attributes: href, mailto), targets.
  • Cascading style sheets: colour, background-color, border-style, margin, height, width, outline, font (family, style, size), align, float.

Unit 3: Cyberethics

  • Netiquettes.
  • Software licenses and the open source software movement.
  • Intellectual property rights, plagiarism, and digital property rights.
  • Freedom of information and the digital divide.
  • E-commerce: Privacy, fraud, secure data transmission.

Computer Applications Important Lab Exercises 2022-2023

  • Create static web pages.
  • Use style sheets to enforce a format in an HTML page (CSS).
  • Embed pictures, audio, and videos on an HTML page.
  • Add tables and frames to an HTML page.
  • Decorate web pages using graphical elements.
  • Create a website using several web pages. Students may use any open-source or proprietary tool.
  • Work with HTML forms: text box, radio buttons, checkbox, password, list, combo box.
  • Write a blog using HTML pages discussing viruses, malware, spam, and antiviruses
  • Create a web page discussing plagiarism. List some reported cases of plagiarism and the consequent punishment meted out. Explain the nature of the punishment in different countries as per their IP laws.
  • Create simple stories with Scratch (involving at least two objects/characters) and iteration OR write programs for finding the sum/product of first n natural numbers using Python

Benefits of Knowing the Class 10 CBSE Board Syllabus 

  • CBSE Class 10 Syllabus provides a clear roadmap for preparing for the board exams.
  • The syllabus not only outlines the Syllabus and marks distribution but also focuses on a student’s overall growth and development through the CCE system.
  • CBSE Class 10 Syllabus, students can plan their studies effectively, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and work towards achieving their goals.
  • It is essential for students to thoroughly prepare for the exams, keeping in mind the prescribed content, and practicing regularly to perform well in the Class 10 board exams.

The syllabus is designed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) to promote conceptual understanding, analytical skills, and application-based learning among students. Students are advised to refer to the official CBSE syllabus and textbooks, seek additional help from teachers or online tutors, and practice regularly to excel in their exams. By following a structured and consistent approach to studying, students can not only perform well in their exams but also develop a lifelong love for learning.

Objectives of CBSE 10th Class Syllabus

The information about the CBSE 10th Syllabus revolves around its objectives in skill development among students:

1. Facilitating students to explore their inner potential and foster self-awareness.

2. Instilling moral values and fostering a culture of continuous learning.

3. Equipping students with technological knowledge to contribute positively to society.

4. Cultivating the ability to showcase their talents and abilities.

5. Emphasizing physical fitness, health, and integration of arts in the learning process.

Also Check:

Benefits of the Class 10 CBSE Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus provides a clear roadmap for preparing for the board exams.

  • The syllabus not only outlines the Syllabus and marks distribution but also focuses on a student’s overall growth and development.
  • With the help of CBSE Class 10 Syllabus students can plan their studies effectively, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and work towards achieving their goals.
  • It is essential for students to thoroughly prepare for the exams, keeping in mind the prescribed content, and practicing regularly to perform well in the Class 10 board exams

Frequently Asked Questions on CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24

Q1:  What is the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus? 

The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus is a document released by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) that outlines the Syllabus, marks distribution, and the number of periods allocated for each topic in all major subjects for the academic year.

Q2:  Where can I find the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus of all the subjects for free? 

At GeeksforGeeks, students can access the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for all subjects free of charge. The syllabus, meticulously designed by experts, provides a concise and comprehensive understanding of the curriculum for the academic year 2023-24, enabling students to grasp it more effectively.

Q3:  Why is it important to follow the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus? 

The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus is essential for students, teachers, and parents as it serves as a roadmap for preparing for the board exams. By following the syllabus, students can plan their studies effectively, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and work towards achieving their goals.

Q4:  What are the major subjects covered in the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus? 

The major subjects covered in the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus include Mathematics, Science, Social Science, English, Hindi, and Sanskrit.

Q5:  How does the CBSE board evaluate students in Class 10? 

The CBSE board follows a continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE) system that focuses on assessing a student’s overall growth and development throughout the academic year. The system includes formative and summative assessments, co-scholastic areas, and activities.

Q6:  Can students refer to additional study material other than the prescribed textbooks in the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus? 

Yes, students can refer to additional study material other than the prescribed textbooks in the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus. However, it is essential to ensure that the additional material is relevant and does not deviate from the prescribed content in the syllabus.

Q7:  How can students prepare for the CBSE Class 10 board exams? 

Students can prepare for the CBSE Class 10 board exams by following the prescribed content in the syllabus, practicing regularly, solving previous year question papers, and seeking guidance from teachers and parents. It is also essential to maintain a healthy routine and stay focused on achieving the desired results.



Last Updated : 10 Oct, 2023
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