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Mineral-based Industries

Last Updated : 16 Aug, 2023
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Mineral-based industries are those industries that deal with the Iron and Steel Industry, which is known to be unrealized Potential in India. Mineral-based industries are referred to as the main industries which get their raw materials from the mineral ores and provide employment to both rural and urban people.

Mineral Based Industries

Mineral Based Industries

Mineral-Based Industries 

Industries that utilize minerals and metals as natural substances are referred to as mineral-based mostly industries. Mineral-based industries are essential ventures that use mineral minerals as their crude materials. Mineral-based industries include steel and iron industries, as well as includes heavy machinery industries. These industries use minerals and metals as raw materials as well.

Iron and Steel Industry

The Iron and Steel industry is known as the backbone industry as a wide range of enterprises which include heavy, medium, and light industries rely upon the Iron and Steel Industry for their apparatus and work. It is referred to as heavy industry, since every one of the natural substances, is weighty and also cumbersome, and includes substantial transportation costs.

The advancement of the country depends upon the creation and utilization of steel. Iron metal, coking coal, and limestone are needed in a correct proportion of 4:2:1 for fabricating steel. A certain amount of manganese is also added to solidify the steel. Steel is used for a variety of purposes like development material, safeguard, telephonic, logical hardware, etc.

India was positioned second in 2018, among the world’s unrefined steelmakers, and was the biggest maker of wipe iron. Chotanagpur plateau is known for its Iron and Steel ventures, as minimal cost on iron, a high grade in the vicinity, and immense potential for development.

Unrealized Potential of India: Iron and Steel

Iron and steel are often referred to as the unrealized potential of India as significant expenses and have restricted accessibility of coking coal, with lower usefulness of work and helpless foundations.

Problems of the Iron and Steel Industry

Some of the major problems faced by the Iron and Steel Industry are as follows:

  1. Monetary and capital funding is very important for the Iron and Steel industry.
  2. The use of modern technology is not up to the mark for the Iron and Steel Industry.
  3. Scarcity can be seen in high-quality coking coal for the smelting of iron ore.
  4. Small iron and steel mills have closed down due to insufficient power supply and also to rising costs of raw materials. The government has regulated and also set prices of iron and steel.
  5. Ineffective management and also poor operation can be reasons for problems in the Iron and steel industry. 

Aluminum Smelting Industry

Aluminum smeltery is the second biggest metallurgical industry in case of India. The main properties of Aluminum include that they are lightweight, impervious to erosion, has a decent transmitter of flexibility, and hotness, and becomes solid when it blends with different types of metals. Bauxite is an important example of an unrefined resource that is utilized by smelters for exceptionally cumbersome and rosy-hued rocks.

It’s used within the aggregation of planes, utensils, and wires. The mineral is the crude item used in foundries. It has noninheritable prevalence as a substitute for steel, copper, and metal and leads in numerous businesses. These are placed in Odisha, West Bengal, Kerala, state, Chhattisgarh, geographical region, and province. The related properties may be found:

  • Lightweight once gauged & it’s erosion safe.
  • A decent intensity semiconducting & versatile
  • Gets extreme once mingling in with totally different metals.

Copper Smelting Industry

Looking at the history of the Copper Smelting Industry, in the year 1924, the Indian Copper Corporation was formed and a factory came to be established in Jharkhand. Following this, Hindustan Copper Limited was founded in the year 1967, and in 1972, the purchase was done by Indian Copper Corporation.

Copper was produced in two locations which include Singhbhum district in Jharkhand and other in Jhunjhunu district near Khetri in Rajasthan. The smelting plant was later replaced with a blaster copper unit which had a capacity of around 30,000 tonnes.

Chemical Industry 

The substance business is its own largest buyer. Essential artificial substances bear handling to further manufacture different synthetics that are used for industrial applications, farming, or foursquare for buyer markets. The Chemical business in India is fast growing and increasing. It involves each large and restricted scope fabricating unit. quick development has been unbroken in each inorganic additionally, natural area. Inorganic artificial substances incorporate elements of corrosive seed to create manures, factory-made filaments, plastics, etc.  Natural artificial compounds incorporate petrochemicals, that are used for aggregation of designed filaments, factory-made elastic, plastics, color stuff, medications, and medicines.

Fertilizer Industry 

The manure business relies on the creation of element composts (mostly urea), phosphatic composts and ammonia phosphate (DAP), and complicated composts that have a combination of element (N), phosphate (P), and potassium hydroxide (K). The third, for instance {potash caustic potassium hydroxide |hydroxide|hydrated oxide}, is foreign because the nation has no stores of financially usable potash or metallic element compounds in any structure. Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, state, geographic region, and Kerala represent half the manure yield.

India is the third biggest maker of element manures. The manure business in India is as follows,57 manure units for element and complicated element composts. Twenty-nine for carbamide, nine for making ammonia sulfides, and sixty-eight different very little units manufacture single superphosphate. Principal states having this business are Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, U.P. geographic region, and Kerala.

Information Technology and industry

During the foremost recent few years, the gadgets business has developed quickly and assumes a big half in our economy. The gadgets business covers a large scope of things from semiconductor sets to TVs, phones, cellphones, phone trades, radars, PCs, and different gear expected by the medium. The central strength of our nation is the plentiful accessibility of precocious and qualified human power. Bengaluru has arisen because of the electronic capital of India.

Other important places for electronic merchandise are a metropolis, Delhi, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, and Gurgaon.

Cement business 

Concrete is prime for development movements like structure homes, plants, spans, streets, air terminals, dams, and for different business foundations. This business needs large and weighty unrefined elements like sedimentary rock, silicon dioxide, and minerals. Decontrol of value and conveyance beginning around 1989 and different approach changes drove the concrete business to require quick steps in limit, cycle, innovation, and creation. The principal concrete plant was started in the urban center in 1904.

Automobile Industry 

Trucks, transports, vehicles, bikes, bikes, three-wheelers, and multi-utility vehicles are created in India at totally different centers. The industry Provides For Vehicles for the quick Transport of products and Passengers. The business is placed around Gurgaon, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Indore, etc. India is the eighth biggest maker of cars in Asia. The essential stipulations of the automobile business are :

  1. Unrefined substances like steel, iron, leather or paint then forth.
  2. They need precocious and semi-gifted work.
  3. Completed merchandise like plastic components, tires, and tubes.
  4. Coal and Hydropower & Apparatuses and hardware fur running the economic facility.

Trucks, transports, vehicles, bikes, bikes, three-wheelers, and multi-utility vehicles are created in India at totally different centers. The industry Provides For Vehicles for the quick Transport of products and Passengers. The business is placed around Gurgaon, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Indore, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur, metropolis, and Bengaluru.

Importance of Mineral-Based Industries

The importance of mineral-based industries is immense for the growth and development of infrastructure. Mineral-based industries are equally important for the economy of the country and rely on minerals like iron, copper, zinc, and lead.

Differences between Agro-based and Mineral-based Industries

Agro-based Industries Industries based on Minerals
The raw material is provided by the agricultural sector to other sectors. Minerals are used as raw materials for certain key industries.
Agro-based industries do not need large investments mostly. These industries are capital-intensive units as they need significant investment.
Important examples of agro-based industries are Jute and Sugar industries. Important examples are the iron and steel business and also the automobile industry.


Mineral-based industries refer to those industries which require minerals as raw materials in their process of manufacturing. The iron and steel industry is the backbone upon which all the other industries are built is a good example of it. The economic progress of the country depends on steel output as well as consumption.

These industries are known to be hefty because of which they are situated near mining sites of the needed minerals and are linked to strong transportation networks. India is the world’s biggest steel exporter.

FAQs on Mineral-Based Industries

Q1: What are mineral-based industries?


Mineral-based industries refer to those primary industries that used mineral ores as their raw materials.

Q2: Where are mineral-based industries located in India?


The first industry came to be established in Portonovo in Tamil Nadu, which was followed by Kulti in West Bengal. There are 10 primary integrated iron and steel plant and 200 mini steel plants.

Q3: What is the concept of the mineral industry?


The mining industry is involved in the extraction of precious minerals and other geological materials.

Q4: Which is the largest mineral-based industry in India?


Iron and Steel is the largest mineral-based industry in India.

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