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What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

Last Updated : 16 Aug, 2023
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Some important challenges which are faced by the political parties in India and also across the world include lack of internal democracy, dynastic succession, money, muscle power, and meaningful choice of the voters. In the case of internal democracy, not all the members of the party have a chance to take part in the process of decision-making. As the power is in the hands of a few top leaders, most of the positions are offered to family members. Money is important for organizing demonstrations, public meetings, and speeches for attracting the public and most political parties have issues of fundamental and ideological differences.


Problems face by Political Party

Challenges to Political Parties

From one side of the planet to the other, individuals are disappointed with the presentation of the ideological groups. This is the situation in our nation as well. Well-known disappointment and analysis have focused on four main points in the working of ideological groups. Ideological groups need to confront and defeat these difficulties:

First Challenge: Lack of Internal Democracy within Parties

In the majority of the ideological groups, the power is moved in the possession of one or a couple of pioneers at the top. Customary individuals from the party don’t get adequate data about the happenings inside the party. The pioneers expect a more noteworthy ability to settle on choices for the sake of the party.

Second Challenge: Dynastic Succession

The top situations in numerous ideological groups are for the most part constrained by individuals from one family. Pioneers on the top have an unreasonable possibility of leaning toward their families and companions. This is additionally for a majority rule government, since individuals who don’t have satisfactory experience or well-known help, come to possess important, influential places.

Third Challenge: Money and Muscle Power

This is a noticeable test of ideological groups during races. Since parties are focused just on winning decisions, they will quite often utilize alternate ways to win races. Such alternate routes incorporate the accompanying:

  1. They will generally choose those up-and-comers who have or can collect bunches of cash. Rich individuals and organizations who give assets to the gatherings will generally impact the approaches and choices of the party.
  2. Sometimes, parties support lawbreakers who can win decisions.

Fourth Challenge: Meaningful Choice to the Voters

It expresses that regular parties don’t appear to offer a significant decision to the citizens. To offer significant decisions, parties should be essentially unique. For instance, in our nation as well, the distinctions among every one of the significant gatherings on the financial approaches have decreased. The people who need various strategies have no choice accessible to them.

Party System in India

Ideological groups are pervasive across both majority-rule and despotic nations, and there is regularly almost no adjustment of which ideological groups get an opportunity of holding power in a country starting with one political decision and then onto the next. This makes it conceivable to ponder the ideological groups in a nation as altogether shaping one of the country’s focal political organizations, called a party system.

 Some fundamental elements of a party framework are the number of gatherings and what kinds of gatherings are the most successful. These properties are firmly associated with other significant highlights of the nation’s legislative issues, for example, how vote-based it is, what kinds of limitations its regulations force on ideological groups, and what sort of constituent frameworks it uses. Even in nations where the quantity of ideological groups isn’t authoritatively obliged by regulation, political establishments influence the number of gatherings that are suitable. For instance, majority rule governments that utilize a solitary part region discretionary framework will generally host not many gatherings, while nations that utilize the corresponding portrayal will more often than not have more. The number of gatherings in a nation can likewise be precisely assessed in view of the greatness of a country’s discretionary areas and the number of seats in its legislature.

Need for Ideological Groups 

Parties are the mainstays of a majority rules system famous pioneers are chosen as rulers – pioneers are chosen to serve individuals – the people who needed to be chosen they should serve better – parties reflect crucial political divisions in the general public.
Three parts of the party: 1. The pioneers, 2. The dynamic individuals,3. The devotees.

Job of Ideological Groups

Likewise, with some other vote-based systems, ideological groups address various segments of the Indian culture and locales, and their guiding principle assumes a significant part in the legislative issues of India. Both the presidential branch and the official part of the public authority are controlled by the delegates of the ideological groups who have been chosen through the decisions. Through the appointive interaction, individuals of India pick which delegate and which ideological group ought to run the public authority. Through decisions, any party might acquire a basic greater part in the lower house. Alliances are shaped by the ideological groups on the off chance that no single party acquires a straightforward larger part in the lower house. Except if a party or an alliance has a greater part in the lower house, an administration can’t be shaped by that party or the alliance.

Kinds of Political Parties in the World

The Democratic Party and the Republican Party are the most impressive. However different gatherings, like the Reform, Libertarian, Socialist, Natural Law, Constitution, and Green Parties can advance up-and-comers in an official political race.

Kinds of Political Parties in India

There are eight national parties in the county– BSP, BJP, Congress, CPI, CPI-M, TMC, NCP, and NPP (the first national party from the North-East region). India has more than 50 recognized state parties as of 2022 apart from these.

Extra Challenges to Political Parties

India is the greatest vote-based country on the planet. Its popularity-based support points are profound to such an extent that nobody can haul it out. In India, initially, there was Congress as a significant party that had administered successively. The advantage of a major and solid ideological group is that it can do what is great for individuals and simultaneously power can be abused. The most grounded party has become corrupted during the last part of the 1980s. Carelessness towards neighborhood sentiments brought about territorial gatherings. Presently, the Indian political framework is run on territorial gatherings and sub-provincial gatherings which are prompting different party frameworks at the state level. The time of alliance states is running in India. At present the Indian political framework faces a few difficulties.

Challenges to  Democracy 

A majority rules government alludes to a political framework wherein the government is shaped by individuals, carried out either straightforwardly or through chosen delegates. In spite of the fact that it has been acknowledged as the best type of Government in the advanced world. However, it has its own concerns. A large portion of the laid out majority rule governments of the world face difficulties yet they are not the same from country to country. The three fundamental difficulties of a majority-rule government are:

  1. Essential test
  2. Challenge of development
  3. Developing majority rules.

Different difficulties are:

  • Poverty, medical services, low education rate, populace, and joblessness are pervasive in many pieces of India, hampering public advancement.
  • Caste and orientation segregation keeps on winning in Indian Society, loosening progression and advancement.
  • Rampant defilement, red tapism, and delays in Public Justice are debilitating the underpinning of Democracy.
  • The exploitation of minorities in various standings and religions for tight political increases has subverted the entire idea of a majority rules government.
  • The use of cash and muscle power during decisions mirrors Democracy’s weaknesses.

Related Links

  1. National Political Parties in India
  2. Types and Components of Political Parties
  3. Functions of Political Parties
  4. Three components of Political Parties
  5. Need for Political Parties

Frequently Asked Questions

Q 1. What are the challenges to political parties?


The challenges to political parties are:

  1. Lack of internal democracy
  2. Increased dependency on money as well as muscle power
  3. Failure in the provision of meaningful choice to voters.

Q 2. What are the features of political parties?


The features of political parties include the attainment of power, pursuit of certain ideologies, having common agenda, and establishing a link between people and government.

Q 3. What is the role of political parties?


The role of political parties is to help in the formation of certain public opinion. They contest in elections and secure the majority, and form the government.

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