Python | Extracting rows using Pandas .iloc[]

Python is a great language for doing data analysis, primarily because of the fantastic ecosystem of data-centric Python packages. Pandas is one of those packages and makes importing and analyzing data much easier.

Pandas provide a unique method to retrieve rows from a Data frame. Dataframe.iloc[] method is used when the index label of a data frame is something other than numeric series of 0, 1, 2, 3….n or in case the user doesn’t know the index label. Rows can be extracted using an imaginary index position which isn’t visible in the data frame.

Syntax: pandas.DataFrame.iloc[]



Parameters:
Index Position: Index position of rows in integer or list of integer.

Return type: Data frame or Series depending on parameters

To download the CSV used in code, click here.

Example #1: Extracting single row and comparing with .loc[]

In this example, same index number row is extracted by both .iloc[] and.loc[] method and compared. Since the index column by default is numeric, hence the index label will also be integers.

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# importing pandas package
import pandas as pd
  
# making data frame from csv file 
data = pd.read_csv("nba.csv")
  
# retrieving rows by loc method 
row1 = data.loc[3]
  
# retrieving rows by iloc method
row2 = data.iloc[3]
  
# checking if values are equal
row1 == row2

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Output:
As shown in the output image, the results returned by both the methods are same.

 

Example #2: Extracting multiple rows with index

In this example, multiple rows are extracted first by passing a list and then by passing integers to extract rows between that range. After that, both the values are compared.

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# importing pandas package
import pandas as pd
  
# making data frame from csv file 
data = pd.read_csv("nba.csv")
  
# retrieving rows by loc method 
row1 = data.iloc[[4, 5, 6, 7]]
  
# retrieving rows by loc method 
row2 = data.iloc[4:8]
  
# comparing values
row1 == row2

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Output:
As shown in the output image, the results returned by both the methods are same. All values are True except values in college column since those were NaN values.



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Developer in day, Designer at night GSoC 2019 with Python Software Foundation (EOS Design system)

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