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Python Packages

Last Updated : 08 May, 2024
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We usually organize our files in different folders and subfolders based on some criteria, so that they can be managed easily and efficiently. For example, we keep all our games in a Games folder and we can even subcategorize according to the genre of the game or something like that. The same analogy is followed by the Python Packages

What is a Python Package?

Python Packages are a way to organize and structure your Python code into reusable components. Think of it like a folder that contains related Python files (modules) that work together to provide certain functionality. Packages help keep your code organized, make it easier to manage and maintain, and allow you to share your code with others. They’re like a toolbox where you can store and organize your tools (functions and classes) for easy access and reuse in different projects.

How to Create Package in Python?

Creating packages in Python allows you to organize your code into reusable and manageable modules. Here’s a brief overview of how to create packages:

  • Create a Directory: Start by creating a directory (folder) for your package. This directory will serve as the root of your package structure.
  • Add Modules: Within the package directory, you can add Python files (modules) containing your code. Each module should represent a distinct functionality or component of your package.
  • Init File: Include an file in the package directory. This file can be empty or can contain an initialization code for your package. It signals to Python that the directory should be treated as a package.
  • Subpackages: You can create sub-packages within your package by adding additional directories containing modules, along with their own files.
  • Importing: To use modules from your package, import them into your Python scripts using dot notation. For example, if you have a module named inside a package named mypackage, you would import its function like this: from mypackage.module1 import greet.
  • Distribution: If you want to distribute your package for others to use, you can create a file using Python’s setuptools library. This file defines metadata about your package and specifies how it should be installed.

Code Example

Here’s a basic code sample demonstrating how to create a simple Python package:

  1. Create a directory named mypackage.
  2. Inside mypackage, create two Python files: and
  3. Create an file inside mypackage (it can be empty).
  4. Add some code to the modules.
  5. Finally, demonstrate how to import and use the modules from the package.

Example: Now, let’s create a Python script outside the mypackage directory to import and use these modules:

def greet(name):
    print(f"Hello, {name}!")
def add(a, b):
    return a + b
from mypackage import module1, module2

# Using functions from module1

# Using functions from module2
result = module2.add(3, 5)
print("The result of addition is:", result)

When you run the script, you should see the following output:

Hello, Alice!
The result of addition is: 8

Python Packages for Web frameworks

In this segment, we’ll explore a diverse array of Python frameworks designed to streamline web development. From lightweight and flexible options like Flask and Bottle to comprehensive frameworks like Django and Pyramid, we’ll cover the spectrum of tools available to Python developers. Whether you’re building simple web applications or complex, high-performance APIs, there’s a framework tailored to your needs.

  • Flask: Flask is a lightweight and flexible web framework for Python. It’s designed to make getting started with web development in Python quick and easy, with a simple and intuitive interface. Flask provides tools and libraries to help you build web applications, APIs, and other web services.
  • Django: Django is a Python web framework for building web applications quickly and efficiently. It follows the DRY principle and includes features like URL routing, database management, and authentication, making development easier. It’s highly customizable and widely used in web development.
  • FastAPI: Python FastAPI is a high-performance web framework for building APIs quickly and efficiently. It’s easy to use, based on standard Python-type hints, and offers automatic interactive documentation. FastAPI is designed to be fast, easy to learn, and ideal for building modern web APIs.
  • Pyramid: Python Pyramid is a lightweight web framework for building web applications in Python. It emphasizes flexibility, allowing developers to choose the components they need while providing powerful features for handling HTTP requests, routing, and templating.
  • Tornado: Python Tornado is a web framework and asynchronous networking library designed for handling high concurrency with non-blocking I/O operations. It’s ideal for building real-time web applications and APIs due to its efficient event-driven architecture.
  • Falcon: Python Falcon is a lightweight web framework designed for building high-performance APIs quickly and easily. It focuses on simplicity, speed, and minimalism, making it ideal for creating RESTful APIs with minimal overhead.
  • CherryPy: CherryPy is a minimalist Python web framework for building web applications. It provides a simple and intuitive interface for handling HTTP requests, allowing developers to focus on their application logic without dealing with the complexities of web server management.
  • Bottle: Python Bottle is a lightweight web framework for building small web applications in Python with minimal effort and overhead. It’s designed to be simple and easy to use, making it great for prototyping and creating simple APIs or web services.
  • Web2py: Web2py is a free open-source web framework for agile development of secure database-driven web applications. It’s written in Python and offers features like an integrated development environment (IDE), simplified deployment, and support for multiple database backends.

Python Packages for AI & Machine Learning

In this segment, we’ll explore a selection of essential Python packages tailored for AI and machine learning applications. From performing statistical analysis and visualizing data to delving into advanced topics like deep learning, natural language processing (NLP), generative AI, and computer vision, these packages offer a comprehensive toolkit for tackling diverse challenges in the field.

Statistical Analysis

Here, we’ll explore key Python libraries for statistical analysis, including NumPy, Pandas, SciPy, XGBoost, StatsModels, Yellowbrick, Arch, and Dask-ML. From data manipulation to machine learning and visualization, these tools offer powerful capabilities for analyzing data effectively.

Data Visualization

Here, we’ll explore a variety of Python libraries for creating stunning visualizations. From Matplotlib to Seaborn, Plotly to Bokeh, and Altair to Pygal, we’ve got you covered. By the end, you’ll be equipped to transform your data into compelling visual narratives.

Deep Learning

Here, we’ll explore essential frameworks like TensorFlow, PyTorch, Keras, and more. From Scikit-learn for supervised learning to Fastai for advanced applications, we’ll cover a range of tools to unlock the potential of deep learning.

Natural Processing Language

Here, we’ll explore essential NLP tools and libraries in Python, including NLTK, spaCy, FastText, Transformers, AllenNLP, and TextBlob.

  • NLTK
  • spaCy
  • FastText
  • Transformers
  • fastText
  • AllenNLP
  • TextBlob

Genrative AI

In this segment, we’ll explore a range of powerful tools and libraries that enable the creation of artificial intelligence models capable of generating novel content. From the renowned deep learning framework Keras to the natural language processing library spaCy, we’ll cover the essential tools for building generative AI systems.

  • Keras
  • spaCy
  • generative
  • GPy
  • Pillow
  • ImageIO
  • Fastai

Computer Vision

Here, we’ll explore essential Python libraries like OpenCV, TensorFlow, and Torch, alongside specialized tools such as scikit-image and Dlib. From basic image processing to advanced object detection, these libraries empower you to tackle diverse computer vision tasks with ease.

Python Packages for GUI Applications

Graphical User Interface (GUI) development is a vital aspect of modern software applications, enabling intuitive user interactions and enhancing user experience. In this section, we’ll explore a variety of Python packages tailored for GUI application development, including Tkinter, PyQt5, Kivy, PySide, PySimpleGUI, PyGTK, and more.

  • Tkinter: Python Tkinter is a standard GUI (Graphical User Interface) toolkit for Python. It allows developers to create desktop applications with graphical interfaces using widgets such as buttons, labels, and entry fields. Tkinter is easy to use and comes pre-installed with most Python distributions, making it a popular choice for creating simple desktop applications. Some more Pakages for Tkinter are:
    • tk-tools
    • tkcalendar
    • tkvideoplayer
    • tkfilebrowser
  • PyQT5: PyQt5 is a Python library that enables developers to create desktop applications with graphical user interfaces (GUIs). It’s based on the Qt framework, offering a wide range of tools and widgets for building powerful and customizable applications efficiently.
  • Kivy: Python Kivy is an open-source Python library used for developing multi-touch applications. It allows developers to create cross-platform applications that run on Android, iOS, Windows, Linux, and macOS with a single codebase. Kivy provides a comprehensive set of tools for building user interfaces and handling touch events, making it suitable for developing interactive and responsive applications.
  • PySide: Python PySide is a set of Python bindings for the Qt application framework. It allows developers to create graphical user interfaces (GUIs) using Qt tools and libraries within Python code, enabling cross-platform desktop application development with ease.
  • PySimpleGUI: PySimpleGUI is a Python library for creating simple and easy-to-use graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for desktop applications. It aims to simplify GUI development by providing a straightforward interface and works across multiple platforms.
  • NiceGUI: Nicegui is a Python package that simplifies the creation of buttons, dialogs, markdown, 3D scenes, plots, and more with minimal code. It’s ideal for micro web apps, dashboards, robotics projects, smart home solutions, and similar applications. It’s also handy in development, such as adjusting machine learning algorithms or fine-tuning motor controllers.
  • PyGTK: PyGTK is a set of Python bindings for the GTK (GIMP Toolkit) library, which is a popular toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces (GUIs). With PyGTK, developers can create cross-platform GUI applications in Python using GTK’s rich set of widgets and tools.

Python Packages for Web scraping & Automation

In this concise guide, we’ll explore a curated selection of powerful Python packages tailored for web scraping and automation tasks. From parsing HTML with Beautiful Soup to automating browser interactions with Selenium, we’ll cover the essentials you need to embark on your web scraping and automation journey. Additionally, we’ll introduce other handy tools like MechanicalSoup, urllib3, Scrapy, Requests-HTML, Lxml, pyautogui, schedule, and Watchdog, each offering unique functionalities to streamline your development process.

  • Request: Python Requests is a versatile HTTP library for sending HTTP requests in Python. It simplifies interaction with web services by providing easy-to-use methods for making GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, and other HTTP requests, handling headers, parameters, cookies, and more.
  • BeautifulSoup: Python BeautifulSoup is a library used for parsing HTML and XML documents. It allows you to extract useful information from web pages by navigating the HTML structure easily.
  • Selenium: Python Selenium is a powerful tool for automating web browsers. It allows you to control web browsers like Chrome or Firefox programmatically, enabling tasks such as web scraping, testing, and automating repetitive tasks on websites.
  • MechanicalSoup: Python MechanicalSoup is a Python library for automating interaction with websites. It simplifies tasks like form submission, navigation, and scraping by combining the capabilities of the Requests and BeautifulSoup libraries.
  • urllib3: Python urllib3 is a powerful HTTP client library for Python, allowing you to make HTTP requests programmatically with ease. It provides features like connection pooling, SSL verification, and support for various HTTP methods.
  • Scrapy: Python Scrapy is a powerful web crawling and web scraping framework used to extract data from websites. It provides tools for navigating websites and extracting structured data in a flexible and efficient manner.
  • Requests-HTML: Python Requests-HTML is a Python library that combines the power of the Requests library for making HTTP requests with the flexibility of parsing HTML using CSS selectors. It simplifies web scraping and makes it easy to extract data from HTML documents.
  • Lxml: Python lxml is a powerful library used for processing XML and HTML documents. It provides efficient parsing, manipulation, and querying capabilities, making it a popular choice for working with structured data in Python.
  • pyautogui: PyAutoGUI is a Python library for automating tasks by controlling the mouse and keyboard. It enables users to write scripts to simulate mouse clicks, keyboard presses, and other GUI interactions.
  • schedule: Python Schedule is a library that allows you to schedule tasks to be executed at specified intervals or times. It provides a simple interface to create and manage scheduled jobs within Python programs.
  • Watchdog: Python Watchdog is a library that allows you to monitor filesystem events in Python, such as file creations, deletions, or modifications. It’s useful for automating tasks based on changes in files or directories, like updating a database when new files are added to a folder.

Python Packages for Game Development

Here, we’ll explore the exciting world of game development in Python, leveraging powerful packages and libraries to bring your gaming ideas to life. Let’s dive in and discover the tools that will empower you to create immersive and entertaining gaming experiences.

  • PyGame: PyGame is a set of libraries and tools for creating video games and multimedia applications using Python. It provides functions for handling graphics, sound, input devices, and more, making it easier to develop games with Python.
  • Panda3D: Python Panda3D is a game development framework that provides tools and libraries for creating 3D games and simulations using the Python programming language. It offers features for rendering graphics, handling input, and managing assets, making it suitable for both hobbyists and professional game developers.
  • Pyglet: Pyglet is a Python library used for creating games and multimedia applications. It provides tools for handling graphics, sound, input devices, and windowing. With Pyglet, developers can build interactive experiences efficiently in Python.
  • Arcade: Python Arcade is a beginner-friendly Python library for creating 2D games. It provides tools for handling graphics, sound, input devices, and other game-related functionalities, making game development accessible and fun.
  • PyOpenGL: PyOpenGL is a Python binding to OpenGL, a powerful graphics library for rendering 2D and 3D graphics. It allows Python developers to access OpenGL’s functionality for creating interactive visual applications, games, simulations, and more.
  • Cocos2d: Python Cocos2d is a simple and powerful game development framework for Python. It provides tools and libraries for creating 2D games, making game development more accessible and efficient for Python developers.


At the end of the page, you might want to include a closing statement or summary to wrap up the discussion on Python packages. Here’s a suggestion:

“In conclusion, Python packages are a powerful tool for organizing, managing, and sharing your code. By grouping related modules together, packages provide a structured way to build complex applications, enhance code reusability, and foster collaboration among developers. Whether you’re working on small scripts or large-scale projects, mastering the art of creating and utilizing Python packages will undoubtedly streamline your development process and contribute to writing cleaner, more maintainable code. So, embrace the power of packages and unlock the full potential of Python programming!”

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