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Extracting MAC address using Python

  • Last Updated : 31 Mar, 2020

MAC address also known as physical address is the unique identifier that is assigned to the NIC (Network Interface Card) of the computer. NIC helps in connection of a computer with other computers in the network. MAC address is unique for all the NIC’s.

Uses of MAC address :

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  • Useful in places where IP address change frequently. Helps network admin. to get information regarding network traffic.
  • Helps us to configure which computers can be connected to our computers. By this way we can filter potential spam/virus attacks.
  • Helps in uniquely identifying computers from other computers around the world.

MAC-Address



This article aims at extracting MAC address of computer using Python.

Method 1 : using mac module
To get the physical address of the device we use getmac module of Python.

>>>from getmac import get_mac_address as gma
>>>print(gma())
'3c:7e:94:8f:d0:34'

Method 2 : Using uuid.getnode()

getnode() can be used to extract the MAC address of the computer. This function is defined in uuid module.
The illustrated code given below shows how to generate a UUID for a given host, identified by its MAC address, using the uuid1() function.




# Python Program to compute
# MAC address of host
# using UUID module
  
import uuid
  
# printing the value of unique MAC
# address using uuid and getnode() function 
print (hex(uuid.getnode()))

Output :

0x163e990bdb

Drawback :

  • The visible drawback is that the output is not in the formatted form.

Method 3 : Using getnode() + format() [ for better formatting ]




# Python 3 code to print MAC
# in formatted way.
  
import uuid
  
# joins elements of getnode() after each 2 digits.
  
print ("The MAC address in formatted way is : ", end="")
print (':'.join(['{:02x}'.format((uuid.getnode() >> ele) & 0xff)
for ele in range(0,8*6,8)][::-1]))

Output :

The MAC address in formatted way is : 00:16:3e:99:0b:db

Drawback :

  • This code appears to be complex.

Method 4 : Using getnode() + findall() + re() [ for reducing complexity ]




# Python 3 code to print MAC
# in formatted way and easier
# to understand
  
import re, uuid
  
# joins elements of getnode() after each 2 digits.
# using regex expression
print ("The MAC address in formatted and less complex way is : ", end="")
print (':'.join(re.findall('..', '%012x' % uuid.getnode())))

Output :

The MAC address in formatted and less complex way is : 00:16:3e:99:0b:db




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