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How to Install R and R Studio?

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R Programming Language is a language and free software environment, available under GNU license, supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Install R and R Studio The language is most widely known for its powerful statistical and data interpretation capabilities. 

To use R language, you need the R environment to be Install R and R Studio on your machine, and an IDE (Integrated development environment) to run the language (can also be run using CMD on Windows or Terminal on Linux). 

Why use R Studio?  

  • It is a powerful IDE, specifically used for the R language.
  • Provides literate programming tools, which allow the use of R scripts, outputs, text, and images in reports, Word documents, and even HTML files.
  • The use of Shiny (open-source R package) allows us to create interactive content in reports and presentations.

How to Install R and R Studio

To Install R and R Studio on windows we will follow the following steps.

Step 1: First, you need to set up an R environment in your local machine. You can download the same from


Install R and R Studio

You have to download both the applications first go with R Base and then install RStudio. after click on install R you will get a new page like this.


Install R and R Studio

Here we can select the linux,mac or windows any one according to users system. you have to click on for which you want to install.


Install R and R Studio

now click on the link show above in image so R base start downloading and after again go to main page and download and click on Install RStudio.

Step 2: After downloading R for the Windows platform, install it by double-clicking it.  

Installing R for Windows platform.

Step 3: Download R Studio from their official page. Note: It is free of cost (under AGPL licensing).  

Step 4: After downloading, you will get a file named “RStudio-1.x.xxxx.exe” in your Downloads folder. 

Step 5: Double-click the installer, and install the software. 

Step 6: Test the R Studio installation  

  • Search for RStudio in the Window search bar on Taskbar.
  • Start the application.
  • Insert the following code in the console.
Input  : print('Hello world!') 
Output : [1] "Hello world!"

R console on Windows.

Step 7: Your installation is successful.  

Installing R Studio on Ubuntu

Installing R Studio on Ubuntu has steps similar to Windows: 

Through Terminal 

Step 1: Open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) in Ubuntu.

Step 2: Update the package’s cache. 

sudo apt-get update

Step 3: Install R environment. 

sudo apt -y install r-base

Check for the version of R package using

R --version

Step 4: Check R installation by using the following command. 

user@Ubuntu:~$ R 

(Note that R version should be 3.6+ to be able to install all packages like tm, e1071, etc.). If there is issue with R version, see the end of the post. 

Step 5: Exit the terminal.

Through Ubuntu software Center 

Step 1: Open Ubuntu Software Center.

Step 2: Search for r-base.

Step 3: Click install. 

Install Rstudio on Ubuntu  

Step 1: Install gdebi package to install .deb packages easily.

sudo add-apt-repository universe
sudo apt-get install gdebi-core

Step 2: Go to R Studio downloads and select the latest *.deb package available under Ubuntu 18/Debian 10.

Step 3: Navigate to the Downloads folder in the local machine.

$ cd Downloads/
$ ls

Step 4: Install using gdebi package.

sudo gdebi rstudio-1.2.5042-amd64.deb

Step 5: Run the RStudio using Terminal

user@Ubuntu:~/Downloads/ $ rstudio 

Alternatively, use the menu to search for Rstudio.

Step 6: Test the R Studio using the basic “Hello world!” command and exit.

Input  : print('Hello world!') 
Output : [1] "Hello world!"

Alternatively, RStudio can be installed through Ubuntu Software as well, but using the above approach generally guarantees the latest version is installed. 

If there are issues with the R version getting downloaded or the previously installed version is older, check R version with 

R --version

Now, Run the following commands in Terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T)  

Add the key to secure APT from the CRAN package list:

sudo apt-key adv –keyserver –recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9

Add the latest CRAN repository to the repository list. (This is for Ubuntu 18.04 specifically):

sudo add-apt-repository ‘deb bionic-cran35/’

Update the package cache:

sudo apt update

Install the r-base package:

sudo apt install r-base

Last Updated : 20 Dec, 2023
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