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Difference between Connection-oriented and Connection-less Services

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Both Connection-oriented service and Connection-less service are used for the connection establishment between two or more two devices. These types of services are offered by the network layer. 

Connection-oriented service is related to the telephone system. It includes connection establishment and connection termination. In a connection-oriented service, the Handshake method is used to establish the connection between sender and receiver. 
 
Connection-less service is related to the postal system. It does not include any connection establishment and connection termination. Connection-less Service does not give a guarantee of reliability. In this, Packets do not follow the same path to reach their destination. 
 
Difference between Connection-oriented and Connection-less Services:

S.NOConnection-oriented ServiceConnection-less Service
1.Connection-oriented service is related to the telephone system.Connection-less service is related to the postal system.
2.Connection-oriented service is preferred by long and steady communication.Connection-less Service is preferred by bursty communication.
3.Connection-oriented Service is necessary.Connection-less Service is not compulsory.
4.Connection-oriented Service is feasible.Connection-less Service is not feasible.
5.In connection-oriented Service, Congestion is not possible.In connection-less Service, Congestion is possible.
6.Connection-oriented Service gives the guarantee of reliability.Connection-less Service does not give a guarantee of reliability.
7.In connection-oriented Service, Packets follow the same route.In connection-less Service, Packets do not follow the same route.
8.Connection-oriented services require a bandwidth of a high range.Connection-less Service requires a bandwidth of low range.
9.Ex: TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)Ex: UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
10.Connection-oriented requires authentication.Connection-less Service does not require authentication.

Last Updated : 21 Feb, 2023
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