Brightness Control With Hand Detection using OpenCV in Python
In this article, we are going to make a Python project that uses OpenCV and Mediapipe to see hand gesture and accordingly set the brightness of the system from a range of 0-100.
We have used a HandTracking module that tracks all points on the hand and detects hand landmarks, calculate the distance between thumb tip and index fingertip and maps the distance between thumb tip and index fingertip with brightness range.
- Mediapipe: It is Google’s open-source framework, used for media processing. It is cross-platform or we can say it is platform friendly. It can run on Android, iOS, and the web that’s what Cross-platform means, to run everywhere.
pip install mediapipe
- OpenCV: Itis a Python library that is designed to solve computer vision problems. OpenCV supports a wide variety of programming languages such as C++, Python, Java etc. Support for multiple platforms including Windows, Linux, and MacOS.
pip install opencv-python
- Screen-Brightness-Control: It is a python tool for controlling the brightness of your monitor. Supports Windows and most flavors of Linux.
pip install screen-brightness-control
- Numpy: It is a general-purpose array-processing package. It provides a high-performance multidimensional array object, and tools for working with these arrays. It is the fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
pip install numpy
Step 1: Import all required libraries
Step 2: Initializing Hands model
Let us look into the parameters for the Hands Model:
Hands( static_image_mode=False, model_complexity=1 min_detection_confidence=0.75, min_tracking_confidence=0.75, max_num_hands=2 )
- static_image_mode: It is used to specify whether the input image must be static images or as a video stream. The default value is False.
- model_complexity: Complexity of the hand landmark model: 0 or 1. Landmark accuracy, as well as inference latency, generally go up with the model complexity. Default to 1.
- min_detection_confidence: It is used to specify the minimum confidence value with which the detection from the person-detection model needs to be considered as successful. Can specify a value in [0.0,1.0]. The default value is 0.5.
- min_tracking_confidence: It is used to specify the minimum confidence value with which the detection from the landmark-tracking model must be considered as successful. Can specify a value in [0.0,1.0]. The default value is 0.5.
- max_num_hands: Maximum number of hands to detect. Default it is 2.
Step 3: Process the image and apply brightness based on the distance between thumb and index fingertip
Capture the frames continuously from the camera using OpenCV and Convert BGR image to an RGB image and make predictions using initialized hands model. Prediction made by the model is saved in the results variable from which we can access landmarks using results.multi_hand_landmarks and if hands are present in the frame, detect hand landmarks after that calculate the distance between thumb tip and index finger tip. Map the distance of thumb tip and index fingertip with brightness range i.e according to distance between them brightness of system will change.
Below is the complete implementation:
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