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Extraction of Tweets using Tweepy

Last Updated : 24 Mar, 2023
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Twitter is a popular social network where users share messages called tweets. Twitter allows us to mine the data of any user using Twitter API or Tweepy. The data will be tweets extracted from the user. The first thing to do is get the consumer key, consumer secret, access key and access secret from twitter developer available easily for each user. These keys will help the API for authentication. 

Tweepy is a Python library that provides an easy-to-use interface for accessing Twitter’s API. With Tweepy, you can perform various tasks such as searching for tweets, accessing user information, and posting tweets.

To extract tweets using Tweepy, you need to first create a Twitter Developer Account and obtain your API credentials such as consumer key, consumer secret, access token, and access token secret. Once you have your credentials, you can use Tweepy to access Twitter’s API and extract tweets.

Steps to obtain keys: – Login to twitter developer section – Go to “Create an App” – Fill the details of the application. – Click on Create your Twitter Application – Details of your new app will be shown along with consumer key and consumer secret. – For access token, click ” Create my access token”. The page will refresh and generate access token. Tweepy is one of the library that should be installed using pip. Now in order to authorize our app to access Twitter on our behalf, we need to use the OAuth Interface. Tweepy provides the convenient Cursor interface to iterate through different types of objects. Twitter allows a maximum of 3200 tweets for extraction. These all are the prerequisite that have to be used before getting tweets of a user. Code(with explanation) : 


import tweepy
# Fill the X's with the credentials obtained by
# following the above mentioned procedure.
# Function to extract tweets
def get_tweets(username):
        # Authorization to consumer key and consumer secret
        auth = tweepy.OAuthHandler(consumer_key, consumer_secret)
        # Access to user's access key and access secret
        auth.set_access_token(access_key, access_secret)
        # Calling api
        api = tweepy.API(auth)
        # 200 tweets to be extracted
        tweets = api.user_timeline(screen_name=username)
        # Empty Array
        # create array of tweet information: username,
        # tweet id, date/time, text
        tweets_for_csv = [tweet.text for tweet in tweets] # CSV file created
        for j in tweets_for_csv:
            # Appending tweets to the empty array tmp
        # Printing the tweets
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Here goes the twitter handle for the user
    # whose tweets are to be extracted.

Steps of Extraction of Tweets using Tweepy :

Here are the step-by-step instructions for extracting tweets using Tweepy:

  1. Create a Twitter Developer Account: To access Twitter’s API, you will need to create a Twitter Developer Account and apply for developer access.
  2. Obtain API Credentials: After you have been approved for developer access, you will need to obtain your API credentials, including consumer key, consumer secret, access token, and access token secret.
  3. Install Tweepy: Use the pip command to install Tweepy in your Python environment.
  4. Import Tweepy and Authenticate: Import the Tweepy library into your Python script and authenticate your API credentials using the OAuthHandler and set_access_token methods.
  5. Extract Tweets: Use Tweepy functions like search or user_timeline to extract tweets based on keywords, hashtags, or specific users. You can also specify the number of tweets to extract using the count parameter.
  6. Process and Analyze Tweets: Process the extracted tweets and perform analysis on them using various Python libraries such as Pandas, NumPy, or Scikit-learn.
  7. Visualize Results: Use data visualization tools such as Matplotlib or Seaborn to create charts and graphs to display the results of your analysis.
  8. Store Data: Save the extracted tweets and any analysis results to a file or database for future use.

Uses of Extraction of Tweets :

The extraction of tweets using Tweepy has many potential uses, some of which include:

  1. Social media monitoring: Companies and organizations can use Tweepy to monitor social media for mentions of their brand or products, allowing them to quickly respond to customer feedback or complaints.
  2. Market research: Tweepy can be used to extract tweets related to a specific industry or topic, providing valuable insights into consumer trends and preferences.
  3. Sentiment analysis: By extracting tweets and analyzing their content, sentiment analysis can be performed to determine the overall sentiment of a particular topic or brand.
  4. News aggregation: Tweepy can be used to extract tweets related to breaking news stories, providing a real-time feed of updates and information.
  5. Competitive analysis: By extracting tweets from competitors, companies can gain valuable insights into their strategies and offerings.
  6. Influencer identification: Tweepy can be used to identify influential social media users based on their follower count, engagement rate, and other metrics.
  7. Content creation: By analyzing popular tweets and trending topics, content creators can gain inspiration for their own social media posts and articles.

Conclusion : The above script would generate all the tweets of the particular user and would be appended to the empty array tmp. Here Tweepy is introduced as a tool to access Twitter data in a fairly easy way with Python. There are different types of data we can collect, with the obvious focus on the “tweet” object. Once we have collected some data, the possibilities in terms of analytics applications are endless. One such application of extracting tweets is sentiment or emotion analysis. The emotion of the user can be obtained from the tweets by tokenizing each word and applying machine learning algorithms on that data. Such emotion or sentiment detection is used worldwide and will be broadly used in the future.

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