Git is a widely used distributed version control and source code management system. It effectively tracks changes to source code, enabling effortless branching, merging, and versioning.
This Git tutorial is designed for beginners and professionals. It covers a range of topics, from fundamental to advanced concepts of Git and GitHub. The tutorial includes instructions on downloading and installing Git, creating new repositories, utilizing Git Bash, managing Git stash, downloading Git, executing Git commands, working with Git branches, etc. and you will also explore more advanced topics such as resolving conflicts, working on Bitbucket and GitHub, etc.
This Git Tutorial will provide a comprehensive understanding of how Git and GitHub function, empowering you to utilize them effectively in your projects.
What is Git?
Git is a powerful and popular version control system that enables effective tracking of changes in source code. It was developed by Linus Torvalds in 2005 for Linux kernel development and It is used for keeping track of code changes and collaborating with others on code. It uses a decentralized model where each developer has their own copy of the repository and works immediately on the project. Git manages the projects with repositories and can clone a project to operate locally on it. With staging and committing it track changes and control. You can pull the latest code of the project to the local copy, and push local updates to the main projects.
If you’re looking out for a Git tutorial for beginners, then you’ve ended up at the right place. By the end of this Git tutorial, you will have a strong understanding of how Git & Github works and how to use them effectively in your projects.
Why Use Git?
You need to know that around 70% of developers worldwide use Git for development. Some of the prominent reasons for using Git are:
- Developers can work together from anywhere.
- Developers can see the full history and can compare the previous and new changes of the project.
- Developers can retreat to earlier versions of a project.
Working with Git
When a folder is initialised with Git, it becomes a repository—a special location where Git logs all changes made to a hidden folder. In that folder, each time you change, add, or remove a file, Git takes note of the change and marks the file as “modified.” You can choose which modified files you want to save by staging them, so don’t worry. Consider staging as getting the changes ready for a particular snapshot that you want to keep. Once the staged changes are to your satisfaction, commit them, and Git will keep a permanent copy of those files in its history.
Git is great because it maintains a complete record of each commit you make, allowing you to see
What is Github?
GitHub is a hosting service for Git repositories and if you have a project hosted on GitHub, you can access and download that project with commands on any computer you have access and make your changes and push the latest version back to GitHub.
GitHub allows you to store your repo on their platform. It is also comes with GitHub, ability to collaborate with other developers from any location.
Git and GitHub:
Git and GitHub in VS Code:
Git and GitHub in Android Studio:
Git and GitHub in Pycharm:
Git and GitHub Deployment:
Overall, Git allows you to track changes in an application, in a folder, or in a single file over time. In this Git and GitHub tutorial, you will learn GitHub fundamentals and explain concepts like branches, pushing merge conflicts, and many other useful git commands. It goes through the git workflow and illustrates how git and GitHub work on an advanced level.
FAQs on Git & GitHub
Q1. What is GitHub?
Git and GitHub are not the same, GitHub makes tools that use Git. GitHub is the popular host of code and maintained by Microsoft since 2018.
Q2. Why Should I Use Git?
Git is a useful tool that helps to manage changes in code or any documents, It generally allows collaboration between developers and writers and enables them easy version control.
Q3. Can Git be used for non-code files?
Yes, Git can be used to manage changes happening in any text-based files, documents, configuration files, and even images. However, Git may not be the best tool for managing large binary files.
Q4. How do I resolve conflicts in Git?
When changes areStart done in the same file by different developers then conflict occurred. To solve this, you need to first identify the lines of code which is conflicting then make the necessary changes, and commit the changes to the repository.
Q5. What is the difference between Git and Github?
Git is a version control system used to track changes that generally occur in code and documents. GitHub is a platform that provides hosting for Git repositories and different tools for collaboration.