Comments are generic English sentences, mostly written in a program to explain what it does or what a piece of code is supposed to do. More specifically, information that programmer should be concerned with and it has nothing to do with the logic of the code. They are completely ignored by the compiler and are thus never reflected on to the input.
The question arises here that how will the compiler know whether the given statement is a comment or not?
The answer is pretty simple. All languages use a symbol to denote a comment and this symbol when encountered by the compiler helps it to differentiate between a comment and statement.
Comments are generally used for the following purposes:
- Code Readability
- Explanation of the code or Metadata of the project
- Prevent execution of code
- To include resources
Types of Comments
There are generally three types of comments supported by languages, namely-
- Single-line Comments- Comment that only needs one line
- Multi-line Comments- Comment that requires more than one line.
- Documentation Comments- Comments that are drafted usually for a quick documentation look-up
Note: R doesn’t support Multi-line and Documentation comments. It only supports single-line comments drafted by a ‘#’ symbol.
Comments in R
As stated in the Note provided above, currently R doesn’t have support for Multi-line comments and documentation comments. R provides its users with single-lined comments in order to add information about the code.
Single-Line Comments in R
Single-line comments are comments that require only one line. They are usually drafted to explain what a single line of code does or what it is supposed to produce so that it can help someone referring to the source code.
Just like python single-line comments, any statement starting with “#” is a comment in R.
# comment statement
The above code when executed will not produce any output, because R will consider the statement as a comment and hence the compiler will ignore the line.
Commenting Multiple Lines
As stated earlier that R doesn’t support multi-lined comments, but to make the commenting process easier, R allows commenting multiple single lines at once. There are two ways to add multiple single-line comments in R Studio:
- First way: Select the multiple lines which you want to comment using the cursor and then use the key combination “control + shift + C” to comment or uncomment the selected lines.
- Second way: The other way is to use the GUI, select the lines which you want to comment by using the cursor and click on “Code” in menu, a pop-up window pops out in which we need to select “Comment/Uncomment Lines” which appropriately comments or uncomment the lines which you have selected.
This makes the process of commenting a block of code easier and faster than adding # before each line one at a time.