Memories are made up of registers. Each register in the memory is one storage location. Storage location is also called as memory location. Memory locations are identified using Address. The total number of bit a memory can store is its capacity.
A storage element is called a Cell. Each register is made up of storage element in which one bit of data is stored. The data in a memory are stored and retrieved by the process called writing and reading respectively.
A word is a group of bits where a memory unit stores binary information. A word with group of 8 bits is called a byte.
A memory unit consists of data lines, address selection lines, and control lines that specify the direction of transfer. The block diagram of a memory unit is shown below:
Data lines provide the information to be stored in memory. The control inputs specify the direction transfer. The k-address lines specify the word chosen.
When there are k address lines, 2k memory word can be accessed.
- Difference between Random Access Memory (RAM) and Content Addressable Memory (CAM)
- Random Access Memory (RAM) and Read Only Memory (ROM)
- Difference between Virtual memory and Cache memory
- Introduction of Secondary Memory
- Difference between Byte Addressable Memory and Word Addressable Memory
- Difference between Uniform Memory Access (UMA) and Non-uniform Memory Access (NUMA)
- Difference between Volatile Memory and Non-Volatile Memory
- IPC through shared memory
- 2D and 2.5D Memory organization
- Memory Interleaving
- Memory mapped I/O and Isolated I/O
- Virtual Memory | Questions
- Cache Memory Design
- Memory leak in C++ and How to avoid it?
- Overlays in Memory Management
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