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Emotion Based Music Player – Python Project

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In this article, we will be discussing how can we recommend music based on expressions or say dominant expressions on someone’s face. This is a basic project in which we will be using OpenCV, Matplotlib, DeepFace, and Spotify API.

Import Packages and Modules

  • OpenCV: OpenCV is a Python open-source package used for computer vision, machine learning, and image processing.
  • Matplotlib: Python’s Matplotlib module is a complete tool for building static, animated, and interactive visualizations.
  • Deepface: A Facebook research team specializing in artificial intelligence developed Deepface. Python provides a framework for analyzing properties and recognizing faces. Keras and TensorFlow both utilize key library elements from Deepface.
  • Requests: Sending HTTP/1.1 requests is incredibly simple with Requests. These days, all you have to do is use the JSON method instead of manually adding query strings to your URLs or form-encoding your PUT and POST data.

Though there are many other ways to recommend music, this implementation is a basic approach. Let’s move forward to the implementation. Install the deepface library in the Python environment.

Python3

!pip install - q deepface

                    

Import the necessary packages.

Python3

import cv2
import requests
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from deepface import DeepFace

                    

The path of the image whose expression detection is to be performed should be copied. The image should then be read using the “imread()” method in cv2, the image is stored in the form of an array. Afterward, utilize Matplotlib’s imshow() method to display the image.

Python3

# read the image from location and store
# it in the form of an array
img = cv2.imread("sample.jpg")
# call imshow() using plt object and display the image
plt.imshow(img[:, :, :: -1])
# ensures that the image is displayed
plt.show()

                    

Output:

A Sample image with happy emotion on the face

A Sample image with happy emotion on the face

Recognizing Emotion using DeepFace

Use deepface to analyze the emotion in an image. Pass the image stored as an array to Deepface’s analyze function. It will return a Python dictionary with the percentage of all emotions.

Python3

# storing the dictionary of emotions in result
result = DeepFace.analyze(img, actions = ['emotion'])
# print result
print(result)

                    

Output:

[{'emotion': {'angry': 2.9941825391265356e-05, 
'disgust': 3.6047339119136895e-10,
'fear': 0.00011003920865101386,
'happy': 97.65191646241146, 
'sad': 0.0015582609232700413, 
'surprise': 0.0032574247843123716, 
'neutral': 2.343132812456228}, 
'dominant_emotion': 'happy', 
'region': {'x': 325, 'y': 64, 'w': 128, 'h': 128}}]

Extract the emotion with the highest percentage.

Python3

# extracting emotion with highest percentage
query = str(max(zip(result[0]['emotion'].values(),
                    result[0]['emotion'].keys()))[1])
print(query)

                    

Output:

happy

Recommending Music using Spotify API

Using Spotify API to search music according to the emotion with the highest percentage. We use the Spotify API from RapidAPI. You can edit the following parameters in the below code:

  • Type: The type of result we want to collect. You can input any of these values:
    • multi: returns albums, artists, episodes, genres, playlists, podcasts, and tracks related to the search query
    • albums: returns albums related to a search query
    • artists: returns artists related to a search query
    • episodes: returns episodes related to a search query
    • genres: returns genres related to the search query
    • playlists: returns playlists related to the search query
    • podcasts: returns podcasts related to a search query
    • tracks: returns tracks related to the search query
  • Offset: Parameter to get the next set of results. The maximum value can be 100.
  • Limit: Number of results to be fetched by the API
  • Number of Top Results: Number of top picks according to user’s playing activity

You can add your API key by subscribing to Spotify API on the Rapid API website. Replace the <YOUR_API_KEY> with your generated key.

Python3

# Spotify API URL is called using Rapid API
# querystring is passed to spotify API
# query is the string we search for
querystring = {"q": f"{query}", "type": "multi",
               "offset": "0", "limit": "10",
               "numberOfTopResults": "5"}
# headers contain the API key and API host
headers = {
    "X-RapidAPI-Key": "<YOUR_API_KEY>",
    "X-RapidAPI-Host": "spotify81.p.rapidapi.com"
}
# we use the requests library to sent a HTTP
# GET request to the specified URL
response = requests.get(url, headers=headers,
                        params=querystring)
# Our response has 10 results, we list
# them down using for loop
for i in range(10):
    print('song name:', response.json()['tracks']
          [i]['data']['name'],
          '\nalbum name:',
          response.json()['tracks'][i]
          ['data']['albumOfTrack']['name'], '\n')

                    

Output:

song name: Happy - From "Despicable Me 2" 
album name: G I R L 
song name: Happy Together 
album name: Happy Together 
song name: HAPPY 
album name: HOPE 
song name: Happy? 
album name: Lost and Found 
song name: Happy Pills 
album name: Happy Pills 
song name: Happy 
album name: Ashanti 
song name: Happy Birthday to You 
album name: Happy Birthday to You! Songs & Lieder zum Geburtstag, 
Geburtstagslieder 
song name: Happy Birthday Song 
album name: CoComelon Kids Hits, Vol. 3 
song name: Happy Birthday 
album name: Hotter Than July 
song name: The Happy Song 
album name: The Happy Song

The response from API shows 10 songs that match the search query. Here is the complete implementation:

Python3

def img_to_song(image_location,
                api_url='https://spotify81.p.rapidapi.com/search',
                api_key="fbfcb9f8c1msh77a0f765228b1cap14b26djsned951f12e1cd",
                api_host="spotify81.p.rapidapi.com",
                offset=0,
                limit=10,
                numberOfTopResults=5):
    # read image
    img = cv2.imread(image_location)
 
    # call imshow() using plt object
    # plt.imshow(img[:, :, : : -1])
 
    # display that image
    # plt.show()
 
    result = DeepFace.analyze(img,
                              actions=['emotion'])
 
    query = str(max(zip(result[0]['emotion'].values(),
                        result[0]['emotion'].keys()))[1])
 
    url = str(api_url)
 
    querystring = {"q": f"{query}", "type": "multi",
                   "offset": str(offset), "limit": str(limit),
                   "numberOfTopResults": str(numberOfTopResults)}
 
    headers = {
        "X-RapidAPI-Key": str(api_key),
        "X-RapidAPI-Host": str(api_host)
    }
 
    response = requests.get(url, headers=headers,
                            params=querystring)
    output = list()
    for i in range(limit):
        output.append(f"""song name: {response.json()\
['tracks'][i]['data']['name']}
                   
                  album name:{response.json()['tracks']\
[i]['data']['albumOfTrack']['name']}\n""")
 
    return output
 
 
loc = 'image.jpg'
k = img_to_song(loc)
print(k)

                    

Output:

Action: emotion: 100%|██████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00,  2.30it/s]
Action: emotion: 100%|██████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00, 14.28it/s]
Action: emotion: 100%|██████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00, 15.68it/s]
Action: emotion: 100%|██████████| 1/1 [00:00<00:00, 14.28it/s]
['song name: Happy - From "Despicable Me 2"
  album name:G I R L\n', 'song name: Happy Together
  album name:Happy Together\n', 'song name: HAPPY
  album name:HOPE\n', 'song name: Happy?
  album name:Lost and Found\n', 'song name: Happy Pills
  album name:Happy Pills\n', 'song name: Happy
  album name:Ashanti\n', 'song name: Happy Birthday to You
  album name:Happy Birthday to You! Songs & Lieder zum Geburtstag, Geburtstagslieder
  \n', 'song name: Happy Birthday Song
  album name:CoComelon Kids Hits, Vol. 3\n', 'song name: Happy Birthday
  album name:Hotter Than July\n', 'song name: The Happy Song
  album name:The Happy Song\n']

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed how to recommend songs from Facial Expressions. There are various methods available to achieve higher accuracy, this is a basic implementation for you to get started.



Last Updated : 03 Aug, 2023
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