In Java, there are three different ways for reading input from the user in the command line environment(console).
1.Using Buffered Reader Class
This is the Java classical method to take input, Introduced in JDK1.0. This method is used by wrapping the System.in (standard input stream) in an InputStreamReader which is wrapped in a BufferedReader, we can read input from the user in the command line.
- The input is buffered for efficient reading.
- The wrapping code is hard to remember.
Note: To read other types, we use functions like Integer.parseInt(), Double.parseDouble(). To read multiple values, we use split().
2. Using Scanner Class
This is probably the most preferred method to take input. The main purpose of the Scanner class is to parse primitive types and strings using regular expressions, however it is also can be used to read input from the user in the command line.
- Convenient methods for parsing primitives (nextInt(), nextFloat(), …) from the tokenized input.
- Regular expressions can be used to find tokens.
- The reading methods are not synchronized
To see more differences, please see this article.
GeeksforGeeks 12 3.4
You entered integer 12 Enter a float You entered float 3.4
3. Using Console Class
It has been becoming a preferred way for reading user’s input from the command line. In addition, it can be used for reading password-like input without echoing the characters entered by the user; the format string syntax can also be used (like System.out.printf()).
- Reading password without echoing the entered characters.
- Reading methods are synchronized.
- Format string syntax can be used.
- Does not work in non-interactive environment (such as in an IDE).
Please refer this for more faster ways of reading input.
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