java.util.Scanner class is a simple text scanner which can parse primitive types and strings. It internally uses regular expressions to read different types.
Java.io.BufferedReader class reads text from a character-input stream, buffering characters so as to provide for the efficient reading of sequence of characters
Following are differences between above two.
Issue with Scanner when nextLine() is used after nextXXX()
Try to guess the output of following code :
Enter an integer Enter a String You have entered:- 50 and name as
Let us try the same using Buffer class and same Input
Enter an integer Enter a String you have entered:- 50 and name as Geek
In Scanner class if we call nextLine() method after any one of the seven nextXXX() method then the nextLine() doesn’t not read values from console and cursor will not come into console it will skip that step. The nextXXX() methods are nextInt(), nextFloat(), nextByte(), nextShort(), nextDouble(), nextLong(), next().
In BufferReader class there is no such type of problem. This problem occurs only for Scanner class, due to nextXXX() methods ignore newline character and nextLine() only reads till first newline character. If we use one more call of nextLine() method between nextXXX() and nextLine(), then this problem will not occur because nextLine() will consume the newline character. See this for the corrected program. This problem is same as scanf() followed by gets() in C/C++.
This problem can also be solved by using next() instead of nextLine() for taking input of strings as shown here.
- BufferedReader is synchronous while Scanner is not. BufferedReader should be used if we are working with multiple threads.
- BufferedReader has significantly larger buffer memory than Scanner.
- The Scanner has a little buffer (1KB char buffer) as opposed to the BufferedReader (8KB byte buffer), but it’s more than enough.
- BufferedReader is a bit faster as compared to scanner because scanner does parsing of input data and BufferedReader simply reads sequence of characters.
This article is contributed by Pranav Adarsh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article and mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above
- Scanner Class in Java
- Difference between Abstract Class and Concrete Class in Java
- Difference between Abstract Class and Interface in Java
- Scanner and nextChar() in Java
- Scanner match() method in Java with Example
- Scanner hasNextBoolean() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner locale() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner nextLine() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner hasNextDouble() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner hasNextFloat() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner hasNextLine() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner radix() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner nextShort() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner nextFloat() method in Java with Examples
- Scanner reset() method in Java with Examples