Erosion and Dilation of images using OpenCV in python
Morphological operations are a set of operations that process images based on shapes. They apply a structuring element to an input image and generate an output image.
The most basic morphological operations are two: Erosion and Dilation
Basics of Erosion:
- Erodes away the boundaries of the foreground object
- Used to diminish the features of an image.
Working of erosion:
- A kernel(a matrix of odd size(3,5,7) is convolved with the image.
- A pixel in the original image (either 1 or 0) will be considered 1 only if all the pixels under the kernel are 1, otherwise, it is eroded (made to zero).
- Thus all the pixels near the boundary will be discarded depending upon the size of the kernel.
- So the thickness or size of the foreground object decreases or simply the white region decreases in the image.
Basics of dilation:
- Increases the object area
- Used to accentuate features
Working of dilation:
- A kernel(a matrix of odd size(3,5,7) is convolved with the image
- A pixel element in the original image is ‘1’ if at least one pixel under the kernel is ‘1’.
- It increases the white region in the image or the size of the foreground object increases
numpy as np
cv2.erode(img, kernel, iterations
cv2.dilate(img, kernel, iterations
The second image is the eroded form of the original image and the third image is the dilated form.
Uses of Erosion and Dilation:
- It is useful for removing small white noises.
- Used to detach two connected objects etc.
- In cases like noise removal, erosion is followed by dilation. Because, erosion removes white noises, but it also shrinks our object. So we dilate it. Since noise is gone, they won’t come back, but our object area increases.
- It is also useful in joining broken parts of an object.
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to email@example.com. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.
Whether you're preparing for your first job interview or aiming to upskill in this ever-evolving tech landscape, GeeksforGeeks Courses
are your key to success. We provide top-quality content at affordable prices, all geared towards accelerating your growth in a time-bound manner. Join the millions we've already empowered, and we're here to do the same for you. Don't miss out - check it out now!