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CSS | grid Property

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 08 Aug, 2019

It is a CSS property that offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without floats and positioning.


Syntax:

grid: none|grid-template-rows / grid-template-columns|grid-template-areas|
grid-template-rows / [grid-auto-flow] grid-auto-columns|[grid-auto-flow] 
grid-auto-rows / grid-template-columns|initial|inherit;

Property values:

ValueDescription
noneIt is default value no specific size mentioned for row and column.
grid-template-rows / grid-template-columnsIt is used to sepcifie the size of rows and columns.
grid-template-areasIt is used to specifie the grid layout using named items.
grid-template-rows / grid-auto-columnsIt is used to specifie the auto size(height) and sets the auto size columns.
grid-auto-rows / grid-template-columnsIt is used to specifie the auto size and sets the auto grid size columns.
grid-template-rows / grid-auto-flow grid-auto-columnsIt is used to specifie how to place items and auto size row and columns.
grid-auto-flow grid-auto-rows / grid-template-columnsIt is used to specifie how to place items and auto size row and grid-template columns.

Example 1: Grid with 2-rows and 4-column.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
        CSS | grid Property
    </title>
    <style>
        .main {
            display: grid;
            grid: auto auto / auto auto auto auto;
            grid-gap: 10px;
            background-color: green;
            padding: 10px;
        }
          
        .gfg {
            background-color: lightgrey;
            text-align: center;
            padding: 25px 0;
            font-size: 30px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <h1>Welcome to GFG </h1>
    <h3>This tutorial is on CSS grid property</h3>
  
    <div class="main">
        <div class="gfg">1</div>
        <div class="gfg">2</div>
        <div class="gfg">3</div>
        <div class="gfg">4</div>
        <div class="gfg">5</div>
        <div class="gfg">6</div>
        <div class="gfg">7</div>
        <div class="gfg">8</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>

Output :



This can be used as a shorthand property for :

  • grid-template-rows : Specifies the size of the rows.
  • grid-template-columns : This specifies the size of the columns.
  • grid-template-areas : This specifies the grid layout using named items.
  • grid-auto-rows : This specifies the auto size of the rows.
  • grid-auto-columns : This specifies the auto size of the columns.
  • grid-auto-flow : This specifies how to place auto-placed items, and the auto size of the row.

Example 2: This is example for the grid-template-rows and grid-template-columns.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
        CSS | grid Property
    </title>
    <style>
        .main {
            display: grid;
            grid-template-columns: 156px 156px 156px 156px;
            grid-template-rows: 100px 200px;
            grid-gap: 5px;
            background-color: green;
            padding: 5px;
        }
          
        .gfg {
            background-color: lightgrey;
            text-align: center;
            padding: 20px 0;
            font-size: 30px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1>Welcome to GFG </h1>
    <h3>This tutorial is on CSS grid property</h3>
  
    <div class="main">
        <div class="gfg">1</div>
        <div class="gfg">2</div>
        <div class="gfg">3</div>
        <div class="gfg">4</div>
        <div class="gfg">5</div>
        <div class="gfg">6</div>
        <div class="gfg">7</div>
        <div class="gfg">8</div>
    </div>
  
</body>
  
</html>

Output :
Height of the first row is set to 100px and height of the second row is set to 200px and width of every column is set to 156px.

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by CSS | grid Property are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Safari



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