Open In App
Related Articles

What is Toast and How to Use it in Android with Examples?

Improve
Improve
Improve
Like Article
Like
Save Article
Save
Report issue
Report

Pre-requisites:

What is Toast in Android?

A Toast is a feedback message. It takes a very little space for displaying while the overall activity is interactive and visible to the user. It disappears after a few seconds. It disappears automatically. If the user wants a permanently visible message, a Notification can be used. Another type of Toast is custom Toast, in which images can be used instead of a simple message.

Example: Toast class provides a simple popup message that is displayed on the current activity UI screen (e.g. Main Activity).

Constants of Toast class

ConstantsDescription
public static final int LENGTH_LONGdisplays for a long time
public static final int LENGTH_SHORTdisplays for a short time

Methods of Toast class

MethodsDescription
public static Toast makeText(Context context, CharSequence text, int duration)makes the toast message consist of text and time duration
public void show()displays a toast message
public void setMargin (float horizontalMargin, float verticalMargin)changes the horizontal and vertical differences

How to Create an Android App to Show a Toast Message?

In this example “This a simple toast message” is a Toast message which is displayed by clicking on the ‘CLICK’ button. Every time when you click your toast message appears.

Step-By-Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. The code for that has been given in both Java and Kotlin Programming Language for Android.

Step 2: Working with the XML Files

Open the “activity_main.xml” file and add a Button to show the Toast message in a Constraint Layout. Also, Assign an ID to the button component as shown in the image and the code below. The assigned ID to the button helps to identify and to use files.

android:id="@+id/id_name"

Here the given ID is Button01 This will make the UI of the Application:

Step 3: Working with the MainActivity File

Now, after the UI, this step will create the Backend of the App. For this, Open the “MainActivity” file and instantiate the component (Button) created in the XML file using the findViewById() method. This method binds the created object to the UI Components with the help of the assigned ID.

General Syntax:

ComponentType object = (ComponentType)findViewById(R.id.IdOfTheComponent);

The syntax for the used component (Click Button):

Button btn = (Button)findViewById(R.id.Button01);

Step 4: Operations to Display the Toast Message

Add the listener on the Button and this Button will show a toast message.

btn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {});

Now, Create a toast message. The Toast.makeText() method is a pre-defined method that creates a Toast object. Syntax:

public static Toast makeText (Context context, CharSequence text, int duration)

Parameters: This method accepts three parameters:

A. context: A first parameter is a Context object which is obtained by calling getApplicationContext().

Context context = getApplicationContext(); 

B. text: The second parameter is your text message to be displayed.

CharSequence text=”Your text message here”

C. duration: The last parameter is the time duration for the message.

int duration=Toast.LENGTH_LONG;

Display the created Toast Message using the show() method of the Toast class.

Syntax:

public void show ()

The code to show the Toast message:

Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "This a toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

Step 5: Now Run the App

Operate it as follows:

  • When the app is opened, it displays a “Click” button.
  • Click the Click button.
  • Then “This a toast message” will be displayed on the screen as a Toast Message.

Complete the Code to display a simple Toast Message:

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <!-- add button for generating Toast message -->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/Button01"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentStart="true"
        android:layout_marginTop="209dp"
        android:onClick="onClick"
        android:text="Click"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        tools:ignore="OnClick" />
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

                    

Java

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    // Defining the object for button
    Button btn;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // Bind the components to their respective objects by assigning
        // their IDs with the help of findViewById() method
        Button btn = (Button)findViewById(R.id.Button01);
  
        btn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // Displaying simple Toast message
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "This a toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        });
    }
}

                    

Kotlin

import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // Bind the components to their respective objects by assigning
        // their IDs with the help of findViewById() method
        val btn = findViewById<Button>(R.id.Button01)
        btn.setOnClickListener { // Displaying simple Toast message
            Toast.makeText(applicationContext, "This a toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show()
        }
    }
}

                    

Output:

How to Change the position of a Toast Message?

If there is a need to set the position of a Toast message, then setGravity() method can be used.

public void setGravity (int gravity, int xOffset, int yOffset)

Parameters: This method accepts three parameters:

gravity: This sets the position of the Toast message. The following constants can be used to specify the position of a Toast:

1.TOP
2.BOTTOM
3.LEFT
4.RIGHT
5.CENTER
6.CENTER_HORIZONTAL
7.CENTER_VERTICAL
  • Every constant specifies the position in the X and Y axis, except the CENTER constant which sets the position centered for both horizontal and vertical directions.
  • xOffset: This is the offset value that tells how much to shift the Toast message horizontally on the x-axis.
  • yOffset: This is the offset value that tells how much to shift the Toast message vertically on the y-axis.

For example:

  1. To display the Toast at the center: toast.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER, 0, 0);
  2. To display the Toast at the top, centered horizontally: toast.setGravity(Gravity.TOP | Gravity.CENTER_HORIZONTALLY, 0, 0);
  3. To display the Toast at the top, centered horizontally, but 30 pixels down from the top: toast.setGravity(Gravity.TOP | Gravity.CENTER_HORIZONTALLY, 0, 30);
  4. To display the Toast at the bottom, rightmost horizontally: toast.setGravity(Gravity.BOTTOM | Gravity.RIGHT, 0, 0);

Example: Here, in the below example, the Toast is displayed at the Bottom-Right position.

Syntax:

Toast t = Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "This a positioned toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG);
t.setGravity(Gravity.BOTTOM | Gravity.RIGHT, 0, 0);
t.show();

Complete Code:

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <!-- add button for generating Toast message -->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/Button01"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentStart="true"
        android:layout_marginTop="209dp"
        android:onClick="onClick"
        android:text="Click"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        tools:ignore="OnClick" />
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

                    

Java

import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    // Defining the object for button
    Button btn;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // Binding the components to their respective objects by assigning
        // their IDs with the help of findViewById() method
        Button btn = (Button)findViewById(R.id.Button01);
  
        btn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // Displaying posotioned Toast message
                Toast t = Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "This a positioned toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG);
                t.setGravity(Gravity.BOTTOM | Gravity.RIGHT, 0, 0);
                t.show();
            }
        });
    }
}

                    

Kotlin

import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.Gravity
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // Binding the components to their respective objects by assigning
        // their IDs with the help of findViewById() method
        val btn = findViewById<Button>(R.id.Button01)
        btn.setOnClickListener { // Displaying positioned Toast message
            val t = Toast.makeText(applicationContext, "This a positioned toast message", Toast.LENGTH_LONG)
            t.setGravity(Gravity.BOTTOM or Gravity.RIGHT, 0, 0)
            t.show()
        }
    }
}

                    

Output:



Last Updated : 09 Feb, 2023
Like Article
Save Article
Previous
Next
Share your thoughts in the comments
Similar Reads