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Features of C Programming Language

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C is a procedural programming language. It was initially developed by Dennis Ritchie in the year 1972. It was mainly developed as a system programming language to write an operating system.

The main features of C language include low-level access to memory, a simple set of keywords, and a clean style, these features make C language suitable for system programming like an operating system or compiler development.

What are the Most Important Features of C Language?

Here are some of the most important features of the C language:

  1. Procedural Language
  2. Fast and Efficient
  3. Modularity
  4. Statically Type
  5. General-Purpose Language
  6. Rich set of built-in Operators
  7. Libraries with Rich Functions
  8. Middle-Level Language
  9. Portability
  10. Easy to Extend
     

features of C programming language

Let discuss these features one by one:

1. Procedural Language

In a procedural language like C step by step, predefined instructions are carried out. C program may contain more than one function to perform a particular task. New people to programming will think that this is the only way a particular programming language works. There are other programming paradigms as well in the programming world. Most of the commonly used paradigm is an object-oriented programming language. 

2. Fast and Efficient

Newer languages like Java, python offer more features than c programming language but due to additional processing in these languages, their performance rate gets down effectively. C programming language as the middle-level language provides programmers access to direct manipulation with the computer hardware but higher-level languages do not allow this. That’s one of the reasons C language is considered the first choice to start learning programming languages. It’s fast because statically typed languages are faster than dynamically typed languages.

3. Modularity

The concept of storing C programming language code in the form of libraries for further future uses is known as modularity. This programming language can do very little on its own most of its power is held by its libraries. C language has its own library to solve common problems.

4. Statically Type

C programming language is a statically typed language. Meaning the type of variable is checked at the time of compilation but not at run time. This means each time a programmer types a program they have to mention the type of variables used.

5. General-Purpose Language

From system programming to photo editing software, the C programming language is used in various applications. Some of the common applications where it’s used are as follows: 

6. Rich set of built-in Operators

It is a diversified language with a rich set of built-in operators which are used in writing complex or simplified C programs.

7. Libraries with Rich Functions

Robust libraries and functions in C help even a beginner coder to code with ease.

8. Middle-Level Language

As it is a middle-level language so it has the combined form of both capabilities of assembly language and features of the high-level language.

9. Portability

C language is lavishly portable as programs that are written in C language can run and compile on any system with either no or small changes. 

10. Easy to Extend

Programs written in C language can be extended means when a program is already written in it then some more features and operations can be added to it.


Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2023
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