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UIDAI | Full Form, Features and Importance

Last Updated : 13 Oct, 2023
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What is UIDAI?

UIDAI is a body established under the Aadhaar Act of 2016 that is responsible for issuing Aadhaar cards and managing the Aadhaar database that contains residents’ biometric and demographic information. The primary objective of UIDAI is to provide each resident of India with a verifiable identity. This 12-digit Aadhaar number is connected to an individual’s data, making it one of the most secure and trustworthy forms of identification in the nation.

Full Form of UIDAI

UIDAI stands for Unique Identification Authority of India. Under this, a unique 12-digit Aadhaar number gets assigned to every individual to set up unique identification.

Features of UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India)

UIDAI boasts features that make it stand out as an identification authority:

1. Uniqueness: UIDAI guarantees that every issued Aadhaar number is unique, eliminating any possibility of duplicate or fraudulent identities.

2. Security: With its demographic data verification, Aadhaar stands as one of the secure methods of identification.

3. Inclusivity: UIDAI aims to include every resident of India regardless of age, gender, or socioeconomic status.

4. Portability: Serving as a portable identification number, Aadhaar can be utilised across India for government services and private transactions.

5. Online Services: UIDAI offers services that make it easy for individuals to update their Aadhaar details or acquire a digital copy of their Aadhaar card.

Importance of UIDAI

1. Efficient Service Delivery: UIDAI has greatly improved the efficiency of government service delivery by enabling benefit transfers, reducing leakages, and eliminating beneficiaries.

2. Financial Inclusion: Aadhaar has played a role in promoting inclusion by simplifying the process for individuals to open bank accounts and access financial services.

3. Digital India: By providing residents with an identity that can be used for transactions, UIDAI aligns perfectly with the Digital India initiatives, like reducing paperwork and unnecessary bureaucracy.

4. Social Welfare Programs: The utilisation of Aadhaar in social welfare programs ensures that benefits reach their intended recipients, thereby reducing corruption and enhancing program effectiveness.

5. National Security: Aadhaar’s robust biometric authentication has significantly contributed to enhancing security by allowing verification of individuals’ identities in contexts.

Organisational Structure of UIDAI

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a government establishment formed under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. It functions as a department. Its main role is to oversee the execution of the Aadhaar initiative, which seeks to grant each resident a 12-digit identification number known as Aadhaar. UIDAI operates at both regional levels. The UIDAI operates as a government organisation with the following components:

1. Chairperson: The UIDAI is led by a Chairperson, a government official. The Chairperson oversees the authority’s functioning and ensures compliance with the Aadhaar Act and government policies.

2. Chief Executive Officer (CEO): The CEO is responsible for the day-to-day operations of UIDAI, playing a role in delivering Aadhaar services to residents across India.

3. Regional Offices: UIDAI has established offices throughout the country to facilitate Aadhaar enrollment and provide support to residents. These offices play a role in promoting the adoption of Aadhaar.

Core Values of UIDAI

The UIDAI operates on a set of core values that guide its actions:

1. Inclusivity: The UIDAI is dedicated to ensuring that every resident of India receives an identity, leaving no one behind.

2. Security: The authority places importance on protecting the privacy and security of residents’ data by implementing protocols to safeguard information.

3. Transparency: UIDAI operates with transparency making sure that information about processes and activities is easily accessible to the public.

Vision of UIDAI

The vision of the UIDAI revolves around empowering individuals through their identity. The goal is to provide every citizen with an Aadhaar number, a 12-digit identifier, which enables them to actively participate in the digital economy and gain access to government services, financial resources, and more. This aligns perfectly with India’s aspirations for transformation, ensuring that no one is left behind in the journey towards building a technologically advanced society.

Mission of UIDAI

1. Issuing Aadhaar Numbers to All Residents: It is one of the primary missions of the UIDAI, which is to provide, or we can say, issue Aadhaar numbers to all residents of India without any form of discrimination or exclusion. This ambitious endeavour involves enrollment and verification processes aimed at establishing a digital identity for each resident. Inclusivity lies at the core of this mission, reflecting UIDAIs commitment to creating opportunities for all.

2. Establishing Secure Authentication Mechanisms: The UIDAI is dedicated to establishing and maintaining robust authentication mechanisms that enable reliable identity verification. To ensure that Aadhaar remains a secure tool UIDAIs mission involves the implementation of robust authentication methods. These methods play a role in government and private sector applications, including the distribution of welfare benefits facilitating financial transactions, and enabling access to vital services. Maintaining the reliability and credibility of these methods is vital in establishing trust in the Aadhaar system.


The unique identification system implemented by UIDAI has brought about a transformation in how India identifies its residents. With a focus on inclusivity, security, and efficiency UIDAI has become an aspect of India’s administrative framework. The crucial role played by UIDAI in promoting inclusion, streamlining government services and bolstering security highlights its utmost significance in the country’s progress and governance.

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