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Aadhaar Card : A Complete Guide

Last Updated : 20 Mar, 2024
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What is Aadhaar?

Aadhaar is a 12-digit individual identifying number issued under the authority of the Indian Government by the Unique Identifying Authority of India. The number may be used to prove one’s identity and address, wherever in India. Aadhaar letters sent by the Indian Postal Service and e-Aadhaar downloadable from the UIDAI website are both legitimate. Anyone regardless of gender or age, who is a citizen of India and meets the UIDAI’s verification requirements can apply for Aadhaar. Individuals must enlist just once, however, if they enroll more than once, the Aadhaar is produced with one of the enrolment IDs, while the others are discarded as duplicates. Enrollment in Aadhaar is free for all Indian citizens.

Aadhaar numbers are unique to each individual and are valid for life. In due order, citizens would be able to use their Aadhaar number to access numerous services like banking, mobile phone connections, and other government and non-government services.

Who is Eligible for an Aadhaar Card?

The following individuals are entitled to an Aadhaar card:

1. Indian nationals, NRIs, and foreigners who have been in India for more than a year.

2. The BAAL Aadhaar identification card is intended for children under the age of five.

What are the Documents Required for an Aadhaar Card?

An individual will need to furnish particular papers to establish their identity and place of residence while applying for an Aadhaar card. These papers are used to validate individual information and guarantee that Aadhaar card is appropriately issued. The documentation needed to obtain an Aadhaar card may differ based on gender, age, and various other criteria. Generally, you must provide confirmation of identification as well as proof of address. You can use any of the following papers as evidence of identity:

  • Passport and voter identification card
  • PAN number
  • Driver’s licence
  • ID card issued by the government

You can use any of the following papers as evidence of address:

  • Utility payments (electricity, gas, and water bills etc.) Bank statement
  • Ration book
  • Receipt of property taxes
  • Insurance coverage

If this data is not accessible in any of the papers you supply, you may be required to produce further documents, such as evidence of date of birth. It is critical to confirm the particular documentation necessary for your scenario with the granting authorities.

How to Enrol for an Aadhaar Card?

The applicant must comply with the steps provided when applying for an Aadhaar Card.

1. On the UIDAI website, you may locate the nearest Aadhaar enrolment facility or Aadhaar Seva Kendra.

2. Complete the Aadhaar card application form and send it to the appropriate authority along with the relevant documentation.

3. As needed, give your biometric data (fingerprints, iris scan, etc.).

4. After the enrolment procedure is completed, collect the acknowledgement slip.

5. You will be notified of the progress of your Aadhaar identification card enrolment by your registered cellphone number and email address.

6. Your identification card will be mailed to the home address you gave on the application form.

How to Download an Aadhaar Card?

If an applicant has not gotten a physical copy of his or her Aadhaar card, he or she can download it. The processes for downloading the Aadhaar card are as follows:

Step 1: Visit UIDAI’s official website. Select your preferred language and continue.


Step 2: Click on ‘Download Aadhaar‘ under the ‘My Aadhaar‘ section.


Step 3: When you click the link to download, you will be sent to a new screen with three alternatives.


Step 4: Now you need to Enter your Aadhaar, enrolment ID, or virtual ID. Enter the captcha code. Then click on send OTP. After entering the OTP on your registered mobile phone, click LOGIN.


Step 5: You will be redirected to your profile page where you can download Aadhaar.


How to Enrol for a BAAL Aadhaar Card?

Children under the age of five are provided a Baal Aadhaar Card. It’s blue and doesn’t require a child’s biometrics. The instructions for registering to obtain a Baal Aadhaar card are as follows:

1. To find the nearest Aadhaar enrolling facility, go to the official Aadhaar card website.

2. Complete the Aadhaar card application with all of the required information.

3. A child’s photograph will be requested, but no biometric information will be required.

4. Please include any applicable documentation, such as the child’s birth certificate. For authentication, one of the parents’ Aadhaar numbers must be provided.

5. After submitting your papers, collect the acknowledgement sheet.

6. A confirmation message will be send to the registered cellphone number of the parent.

7. The Baal Aadhaar card shall be delivered to the address mentioned while filling the form.

How to Check Aadhaar Card Status Online?

The procedures required to check the status of your Aadhaar card are as follows:

1. Access the official UIDAI website.

2. Under the ‘My Aadhaar‘ area, select ‘Check Aadhaar Status‘.

3. Enter the ‘enrolling number‘ and the ‘time of enrolment‘.

4. Enter the ‘captcha‘ verification number and click the ‘Check Status‘ button.

How to Verify the Aadhaar Card?

To validate the Aadhaar card, follow the steps provided.

1. Visit the official Aadhaar card website.

2. Navigate to ‘Aadhaar Services‘ under the ‘My Aadhaar‘ section.

3. Select ‘Verify an Aadhaar number‘.

4. Enter your Aadhaar number and captcha code.

5. Click the ‘Proceed to Verify‘ button.

How to Update/Edit the Aadhaar Card?

A user’s Aadhaar card may be updated or edited either online or by going to an Aadhaar enrolling facility called Adaar Seva kendras. The following are the processes for updating/editing the data on your Aadhaar card online:

1. Visit UIDAI’s official website.

2. Find ‘Update Your Aadhaar‘ under the ‘My Aadhaar‘ section.

3. Click on ‘Update Demographic Data Online‘ (if you want to modify your name, date of birth, gender, or other information).

4. Select ‘Proceed to update Aadhaar‘.

5. Enter your 12-digit Aadhaar number, complete the captcha, and click the ‘Send OTP‘ button.

6. An OTP will be sent to your registered cellphone number.

7. After that, follow the procedures to update/edit your Aadhaar details.

Benefits of Aadhaar Card

1. Identification: Aadhaar acts as an authentic evidence of identity, making it simpler for users to confirm their identity while seeking services like as establishing bank accounts, getting a SIM card etc.

2. Financial Inclusiveness: By facilitating the simpler creation of bank accounts, Aadhaar has played an important role in fostering financial integration. This helps to bring the poor and needy to the mainstream too.

3. Direct Beneficiary Transfer: By facilitating the immediate transmission of credits as well as benefits to Aadhaar-linked bank accounts, Aadhaar has considerably expedited government welfare programmes. This prevents leakage and guarantees that advantages are delivered to the intended recipients.

4. Reduction in Frauds: It aids in decreasing the incidence of identity fraud by allowing biometrics and personal information connected to Aadhaar to be utilised for verification in a variety of scenarios, including job opportunities, land deals, and financial services.

5. Administrative Works got Streamlined: By giving a single, international identification, Aadhaar has streamlined administrative procedures for many services, decreasing paperwork and redundancy.

6. Secure: Aadhaar provides a safe and standardised means for electronic verification, providing electronic Know Your Customer alternative for a variety of purposes such as online purchases, investments in mutual funds, and others.

7. Healthcare: Aadhaar is be connected to healthcare facilities, making it simpler to access health data and insurance claims and guaranteeing that the correct individual receives the proper medical treatments. Specially in schemes like Ayushmaan Bharat, this is beneficial.

FAQs on Aadhaar Card

1. Can we update or modify Aadhaar details?


Yes. Modification in Aadhaar details is possible through both online and offline mode.

2. How much time does it take for updating Aadhaar information?


The information is updated every 15-20 days. After a successful registration, the user receives a confirmation message.

3. How long is the validity of the Aadhaar card?


An Aadhaar card’s validity is not confined to a certain time period. An Aadhaar card is valid for the life of the person to whoever it is issued. However, it is critical to make sure that every detail on the identification card, such as the recipient’s name, location, and additional personal information, is current and correct.

4. What is the e-Aadhaar password?


The e-Aadhaar card may be accessed using a password made up of the first four letters of your full name in capital letters and your birth year. If your full name is Rohit Sharma and you were born in 1985, your password is ROHI1985.

5. What is mAadhaar Mobile Application?


The mAadhaar phone app is a digital version of the UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) Aadhaar card. It enables users to take their Aadhaar data with them on their cellphones. The software securely records demographic information such as name, place of residence, and gender and makes it easy to retrieve and make available this information as needed. Users may utilise the mAadhaar app to avoid carrying a real Aadhaar card while maintaining simple access to their identifying data on the move.

6. Is an Aadhaar card required when paying taxes?


Yes, taxpayers are required to have an Aadhaar card for this reason under Section 139AA of the Income Tax Act. To file their income tax return, taxpayers must include the Aadhaar number, or Enrolment ID from their Aadhaar application form.

7. What are the advantages of an Aadhaar card for retired people?


Using Aadhaar, retirees can withdraw, pay, or move provident fund claims online. Furthermore, if a retired person attaches their Aadhaar card to their pension account, the provident fund can be instantly sent to it.

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