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CIBIL | Full Form, Importance, Benefits and Factors

Last Updated : 16 Jan, 2024
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What is CIBIL?

CIBIL is one of the initial credit bureaus licensed by the Reserve Bank of India, collecting and maintaining credit information on individuals and enterprises.

Full form of CIBIL

The full form of CIBIL is Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited. The Credit Information Bureau of India Limited (CIBIL) plays an essential role in the Indian financial system by providing credit reports and ratings to lenders, allowing them to evaluate the creditworthiness of borrowers.


What is a CIBIL Score?

CIBIL Score is a 3-digit numeric summary ranging between 300 to 900 related to the credit history, rating, and reports of any individual. CIBIL scores are calculated by processing loan and credit information from consumers obtained from lenders registered with CIBIL, commonly known as a credit bureau. With a higher CIBIL score, the credibility of an individual increases, i.e. he/she will be preferred at the time of providing loans and also could be offered less interest on their loan.

Why is CIBIL Score Important?

A CIBIL score, also known as a credit score, is crucial for a number of reasons, particularly in the context of personal finances and financing in India. Here are several important reasons why a CIBIL score is important:

1. Loan Approval: Financial institutions, like banks, credit card companies, and financial institutions, use your CIBIL score as the primary factor when deciding whether they will approve the request for a loan. A high credit score indicates a lesser credit risk, increasing the likelihood of credit approval.

2. Rate of Interest: Your CIBIL score impacts the interest rates you’re offered on loans and credit cards. A higher credit score may result in lower interest rates, which can result in substantial savings over the duration of a loan. On the other hand, a lower score could result in greater interest rates.

3. Credit Limits: An excellent credit score may additionally result in increased credit card and other credit limits. This increases your purchasing power and monetary flexibility.

4. Favorable terms: High-credit-score borrowers might get more favourable terms and conditions, such as extended repayment periods or decreased fees, from creditors.

5. Access to Financial Products: In addition to loans and credit cards, your credit score can impact your ability to obtain mortgages, insurance coverage, and even agreements to rent. To assess your financial reliability, landlords and insurers may check your credit score.

6. Financial Stability: Maintaining a high credit score is indicative of responsible spending. It indicates that you effectively manage your debts and financial obligations, which can contribute to your long-term financial stability.

7. Credit Opportunities: A good credit history, as reflected in your credit score, opens the door to future credit opportunities. Handling your existing credit accounts effectively can result in higher credit ratings and simpler access to credit in the future.

In conclusion, a CIBIL score is crucial because it affects your ability to obtain financing, the cost of financing, and your overall financial opportunities. It demonstrates your financial responsibility and can have an important effect on your financial well-being. To maintain a decent credit score, it is therefore essential to manage credit responsibly.

How to Check the CIBIL Score?

Here’s how to verify your CIBIL rating:

1. Navigate to the CIBIL website.

2. Choose ‘Get Your CIBIL Score’.

3. Enter your full name, email address, and password. Include an identification document (passport number, PAN card, Aadhaar or voter ID). Then, input your PIN number, date of birth, and phone number.

4. Select ‘Accept and continue’.

5. A one-time password will be sent to your mobile phone. Enter the OTP and then click ‘Continue’.

6. Check your credit score by selecting ‘Go to dashboard’

7. You will be redirected to the website.

8. After clicking ‘Member Login’ and logging in, you will be able to view your CIBIL score.

What are the Benefits of a Good CIBIL Score?

A CIBIL score in the range of 700 to 900 is deemed satisfactory. This will be considered by banks and NBFCs when evaluating a loan application for the majority of retail loans, including home loans and vehicle loans. A high CIBIL score, also known as a credit score, has numerous advantages in the loan application procedure, including:

  • Fast loan application procedure
  • Easy loan documentation procedure
  • Reduced rates of interest on the loan
  • A greater amount of loan money
  • Lengthier or more flexible repayment terms

You also get to Choose from a variety of lenders to find the loan that best suits your requirements. In addition, this score will speed up and simplify the documentation process. If you have a CIBIL score between 700 and 900, you can borrow up to 80% of the total cost of the property for a mortgage.

Products Offered by CIBIL

CIBIL is widely known to offer three key products:

1. Credit Score: A credit score is a three-digit number that shows how creditworthy a person or business is. This number can be anywhere between 300 and 900, with 900 being the most and 300 being the least. A borrower’s credit background is used to figure out their credit score. Before giving someone credit, banks and other financial institutions look at their credit number. Borrowers with a credit score of 750 or more are chosen because they are less likely to not pay back loans or credit card bills on time.

2. Credit Report for Individuals: A person’s credit report has information about their credit past, credit performance, credit score, and other things. This information comes from banks and other financial companies in the country and is given to CIBIL. It has information about how much a person has borrowed and how much they have paid back, including any loan failures or late payments. Some of the most important parts of a credit report are the borrower’s credit score, personal information like where they work and how they can be reached, and account information.

3. Credit Report for Companies: Companies’ credit reports reveal their credit history, which includes their current credit, any ongoing lawsuits, loans they still owe, etc. A credit report can affect whether or not you get a loan or credit. A bad credit report could make it harder for an individual user or a business to get a loan

What Factors Influence CIBIL Score?

1. Length of Credit Record: The duration of your credit record generates a very different glimpse into your financial health. It essentially means that you have been in the credit system for an extended time frame, which enables the lender to better evaluate your credit management skills. On the other hand, it is not advantageous for lenders to determine your payment behaviour in the absence of an aged credit record. The lenders are likely to stir away from providing funds in situations of uncertainty.

2. Credit Repayment History: Your credit repayment history sheds light on your ability to make credit repayments. It is also the most important consideration analysed when calculating your credit score. The repayment history shows your commitment to meeting financial obligations through the payment of timely credit and EMI payments. When you default on any credit card dues or do not make your loan return within the time frame specified, it harms your credit health, resulting in a substantial drop in your credit score.

3. Credit Utilisation Ratio: The credit utilisation ratio reflects your need for credit. It is the ratio of your credit utilization to your account’s total credit limit. When you exceed your credit utilisation ratio, credit bureaus view your profile negatively. It increases the probability that you will default on your loan payments. As a general measure, limit your credit consumption to roughly 25-30% of the credit that is accessible.

4. Not Making Responsible Repayments: The manner in which you handle payments has a significant impact on your credit score. Make it a habit to pay your loans and credit responsibilities on time as per the schedule. Even a 30-day delay in making a repayment may result in a 100-point score drop. Set up alerts and reminders to ensure you make payments on time. Lenders consider you a reckless creditor if you fail to repay your credit on time.

5. Contingent Debt: Your credit report is negatively affected by outstanding debt. Ensure immediate payment of all outstanding debts. Unpaid debt can have an important effect on your credit score. Ensure that you quickly repay both large and minor payments.

6. Not Paying More than the Minimum Amount Due: If you continue to make the minimum monthly payment on your principal, your debt situation will worsen. Additionally, it results in a rise in compound interest. Therefore, prompt and full repayment of credit card expenses is essential.

7. Multiple Applications for Credit Products: When you register for credit, the lender analyses your credit report. This action is also known as a rigorous investigation. When you submit multiple applications, your account is credited with multiple hard enquiries. This will not only have a negative impact on your credit score, but it will additionally demonstrate your desperate need for credit. Take a break before applying for your next credit product, particularly if your initial application was denied.

8. Errors in the CIBIL Report: Errors in the CIBIL report occur commonly. They can range from incorrect personal details to incorrect balance inputs. These errors have a direct impact on your credit score, so you must be on the lookout for any inconsistencies. Keep track of your credit history and promptly correct any mistakes.

Difference Between CIBIL Score and CIBIL Report



CIBIL Report

Definition A CIBIL score, often known as a credit score, is a number that indicates an individual’s creditworthiness. CIBIL scores are calculated by processing loan and credit information from consumers obtained from lenders registered with CIBIL, commonly known as a credit bureau. A CIBIL report, which is also called a Credit Information Report (CIR), is a collection of details about a person’s credit and loans.
Scope CIBIL Score is based on the last 24 months of your credit behaviour. CIBIL Report includes the last 36 months of your credit history.

Online access to CIBIL Scores is readily available through numerous credit bureaus and financial institutions, typically for a fee.

As mandated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), individuals are entitled to one complimentary copy of their CIBIL Report (Credit Information Report – CIR) yearly, which they can obtain through credit bureaus.
Content There are no detailed details about loans or credit accounts in the CIBIL Score. It is the overall score. CIBIL Report has a lot of information, like personal information, loan and credit card accounts, payment history, credit utilisation, failures or missed payments, and inquiries made by lenders.
Use Most lenders use the CIBIL Score as a first assessment tool to quickly figure out how risky it is to lend money to a client. Lenders use CIBIL Reports to get a more in-depth look at a person’s credit history when deciding whether or not to lend them money.

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