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Python – Convert Integer Matrix to String Matrix

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 08 Aug, 2022
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Given a matrix with integer values, convert each element to String.

Input : test_list = [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3], [19, 4, 6]]
Output : [['4', '5', '7'], ['10', '8', '3'], ['19', '4', '6']] 
Explanation : All elements of Matrix converted to Strings. 
Input : test_list = [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3]] 
Output : [['4', '5', '7'], ['10', '8', '3']] 
Explanation : All elements of Matrix converted to Strings.

Method #1 : Using str() + list comprehension

The combination of the above methods can be used to solve this problem. In this, we perform the conversion using str(), and list comprehension is used to iterate for all the elements.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Convert Integer Matrix to String Matrix
# Using str() + list comprehension
 
# initializing list
test_list = [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3], [19, 4, 6], [9, 3, 6]]
 
# printing original list
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
 
# using str() to convert each element to string
res = [[str(ele) for ele in sub] for sub in test_list]
 
# printing result
print("The data type converted Matrix : " + str(res))

Output

The original list : [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3], [19, 4, 6], [9, 3, 6]]
The data type converted Matrix : [['4', '5', '7'], ['10', '8', '3'], ['19', '4', '6'], ['9', '3', '6']]

Method #2 : Using str() + map()

The combination of above functions can also be used to solve this problem. In this, we use map() to extend the string conversion to all row elements.

Python3




# Python3 code to demonstrate working of
# Convert Integer Matrix to String Matrix
# Using str() + map()
 
# initializing list
test_list = [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3], [19, 4, 6], [9, 3, 6]]
 
# printing original list
print("The original list : " + str(test_list))
 
# using map() to extend all elements as string 
res = [list(map(str, sub)) for sub in test_list]
 
# printing result
print("The data type converted Matrix : " + str(res))

Output

The original list : [[4, 5, 7], [10, 8, 3], [19, 4, 6], [9, 3, 6]]
The data type converted Matrix : [['4', '5', '7'], ['10', '8', '3'], ['19', '4', '6'], ['9', '3', '6']]

The Time and Space Complexity for all the methods are the same:

Time Complexity: O(n2)

Auxiliary Space: O(n)


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