Let’s first analyze the following question:
Can we have private constructors ?
As you can easily guess, like any method we can provide access specifier to the constructor. If it’s made private, then it can only be accessed inside the class.
Do we need such ‘private constructors ‘ ?
There are various scenarios where we can use private constructors. The major ones are
- Internal Constructor chaining
- Singleton class design pattern
What is a Singleton class?
As the name implies, a class is said to be singleton if it limits the number of objects of that class to one.
We can’t have more than a single object for such classes.
Singleton classes are employed extensively in concepts like Networking and Database Connectivity.
Design Pattern of Singleton classes:
The constructor of singleton class would be private so there must be another way to get the instance of that class. This problem is resolved using a class member instance and a factory method to return the class member.
Below is an example in java illustrating the same:
Value of a.x = 20 Value of b.x = 20
We changed value of a.x, value of b.x also got updated because both ‘a’ and ‘b’ refer to same object, i.e., they are objects of a singleton class.
This article is contributed by Ashutosh Kumar Singh. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article and mail your article to email@example.com. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above
- Java.util.BitSet class methods in Java with Examples | Set 2
- Shadowing of static functions in Java
- How does default virtual behavior differ in C++ and Java ?
- How are Java objects stored in memory?
- How are parameters passed in Java?
- Are static local variables allowed in Java?
- final variables in Java
- Default constructor in Java
- Assigning values to static final variables in Java
- Comparison of Exception Handling in C++ and Java
- Does Java support goto?
- Arrays in Java
- Inheritance and constructors in Java
- More restrictive access to a derived class method in Java
- Comparison of static keyword in C++ and Java