Initialize an ArrayList in Java

ArrayList is a part of collection framework and is present in java.util package. It provides us dynamic arrays in Java. Though, it may be slower than standard arrays but can be helpful in programs where lots of manipulation in the array is needed.

  • ArrayList inherits AbstractList class and implements List interface.
  • ArrayList is initialized by a size, however the size can increase if collection grows or shrink if objects are removed from the collection.
  • Java ArrayList allows us to randomly access the list.
  • ArrayList can not be used for primitive types, like int, char, etc. We need a wrapper class for such cases (see this for details).
  • ArrayList in Java can be seen as similar to vector in C++.

java-arraylist

Below are the various methods to initialize an ArrayList in Java:

  1. Initialization with add()

    Syntax:

    ArrayList<Type> str = new ArrayList<Type>();
           str.add("Geeks");
           str.add("for");
           str.add("Geeks");
    

    Examples:



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    // Java code to illustrate initialization
    // of ArrayList using add() method
      
    import java.util.*;
      
    public class GFG {
        public static void main(String args[])
        {
      
            // create a ArrayList String type
            ArrayList<String> gfg = new ArrayList<String>();
      
            // Initialize an ArrayList with add()
            gfg.add("Geeks");
            gfg.add("for");
            gfg.add("Geeks");
      
            // print ArrayList
            System.out.println("ArrayList : " + gfg);
        }
    }

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    Output:

    ArrayList : [Geeks, for, Geeks]
    

    Examples: Using shorthand version of this method

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    // Java code to illustrate initialization
    // of ArrayList using add() method
      
    import java.util.*;
      
    public class GFG {
        public static void main(String args[])
        {
      
            // create a ArrayList String type
            // and Initialize an ArrayList with add()
            ArrayList<String> gfg = new ArrayList<String>() {
                {
                    add("Geeks");
                    add("for");
                    add("Geeks");
                }
            };
      
            // print ArrayList
            System.out.println("ArrayList : " + gfg);
        }
    }

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    Output:

    ArrayList : [Geeks, for, Geeks]
    
  2. Initialization using asList()

    Syntax:

    ArrayList<Type> obj = new ArrayList<Type>(
          Arrays.asList(Obj A, Obj B, Obj C, ....so on));
    

    Examples:

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    // Java code to illustrate initialization
    // of ArrayList using asList method
      
    import java.util.*;
      
    public class GFG {
        public static void main(String args[])
        {
      
            // create a ArrayList String type
            // and Initialize an ArrayList with asList()
            ArrayList<String> gfg = new ArrayList<String>(
                Arrays.asList("Geeks",
                              "for",
                              "Geeks"));
      
            // print ArrayList
            System.out.println("ArrayList : " + gfg);
        }
    }

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    Output:

    ArrayList : [Geeks, for, Geeks]
    
  3. Initialization using List.of() method

    Syntax:

    List<Type> obj = new ArrayList<>(
            List.of(Obj A, Obj B, Obj C, ....so on));
    

    Examples:

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    // Java code to illustrate initialization
    // of ArrayList using List.of() method
      
    import java.util.*;
      
    public class GFG {
        public static void main(String args[])
        {
      
            // create a ArrayList String type
            // and Initialize an ArrayList with List.of()
            List<String> gfg = new ArrayList<>(
                List.of("Geeks",
                        "for",
                        "Geeks"));
      
            // print ArrayList
            System.out.println("ArrayList : " + gfg);
        }
    }

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    Output:

    ArrayList : [Geeks, for, Geeks]
    
  4. Initialization using another Collection

    Syntax:

    List gfg = new ArrayList<>(collection);
    

    Examples:

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    // Java code to illustrate initialization
    // of ArrayList using another collection
      
    import java.util.*;
      
    public class GFG {
        public static void main(String args[])
        {
      
            // create another collection
            List<Integer> arr = new ArrayList<>();
            arr.add(1);
            arr.add(2);
            arr.add(3);
            arr.add(4);
            arr.add(5);
      
            // create a ArrayList Integer type
            // and Initialize an ArrayList with arr
            List<Integer> gfg = new ArrayList<Integer>(arr);
      
            // print ArrayList
            System.out.println("ArrayList : " + gfg);
        }
    }

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    Output:

    ArrayList : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
    


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