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JavaScript Math Reference

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JavaScript Math object is used to perform mathematical operations on numbers. Math is an inbuilt object that works with numbers types but it does not work with BigInt.

Example: Below example will give you a brief idea of JavaScript math objects.

javascript

// Return PI value(3.141592653589793)
console.log(Math.PI);

                    

Output: This will print the value of Pi on the console.

3.141592653589793 

JavaScript Math object properties and methods in JavaScript are listed below:

JavaScript Math Properties: A JavaScript property is a member of an object that associates a key with a value, in the math object of JavaScript there is a single type of property that are the static properties no instance properties are there.

  • Static Property: A static property is a property that has the same value for the entire class.

Static Properties

Description

Example

EThe exp is a mathematical constant having an approximate value equal to 2.718.
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LN2Find the value of a natural log of 2.
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LN10Find the value of a natural log of 10.
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LOG2EFind the value of base 2 logarithms of e, where e is approximately equal to1.442
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LOG10EFind the value of base 10 logarithms of e, where e is approximately equal to 0.434.
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PIFind the value of Pi
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SQRT1_2Find the value of the square root of 1/2, whose value is approximately 0.707106.
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SQRT2Find the value of the square root of 2, whose value is approximately 1.4142
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JavaScript Math Methods: JavaScript methods ar There are e actions that can be performed on objects. Only static methods are available in the math object of JavaScript.

  • Static Method: If the method is called using the Math class itself then it is called a static method of Math class.

Static Methods

Description

Example

abs()Return the absolute value of a number.
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acos()Return the arccosine of a number in radians.
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acosh()Return the hyperbolic arc-cosine of a number.
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asin()Return the arcsine of a number in radians
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asinh()Return the arctangent of a number in radians.
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atan()Return the arctangent of a number in radians.
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atan2()Return the arctangent of the quotient of its arguments.
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atanh()Return the hyperbolic arctangent of a number.
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cbrt()Find the cube root of a number.
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ceil()Passed as a parameter to its nearest integer in an Upward direction of Rounding.
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clz32()Stands for “Count Leading Zeroes 32”.
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cos()Return the cosine of a number.
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cosh()Calculate the value of the hyperbolic cosine of a number.
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exp()Return ex, where x is the argument, and e is Euler’s number.
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expm1()Get the value of ep-1, where p is any given number.
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floor()The number is passed as a parameter to its nearest integer in a Downward direction of rounding.
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fround()Find the nearest 32-bit single-precision float representation of a given Number.
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hypot()Calculate the square root of the sum of squares of numbers passed to it as arguments.
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imul()Calculate the result of the 32-bit multiplication of the two integers passed as parameters to it
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log()Return the natural logarithm (base e) of a number.
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log1p()Gives the value of the natural logarithm of 1 + p number.
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log2()Gives the value of base 2 logarithms of any number.
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log10()Gives the value of base 10 logarithms of any number.
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max()Return the largest of zero or more numbers.
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min()Return the lowest-valued number passed in the method.
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pow()The value of the number raised to some exponent.
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random()Return a floating-point pseudo-random number between range [0,1), 0 (inclusive), and 1 (exclusive).
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round( )The number is passed as a parameter to its nearest integer.
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sign( )Sign of a number, indicating whether the number specified is negative or positive.
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sin()Return the sine of a number.
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sinh()The root of the number is passed as a parameter to the function.
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sqrt( )The root of the number is passed as a parameter to the function.
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tan()Return the tangent of a number.
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tanh()Calculate the value of the hyperbolic tangent of a number.
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trunc()Return the integer part of a floating-point number by removing the fractional digits.
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Last Updated : 26 May, 2023
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