FileInputStream class is useful to read data from a file in the form of sequence of bytes. FileInputStream is meant for reading streams of raw bytes such as image data. For reading streams of characters, consider using FileReader.
Constructors of FileInputStream Class
1. FileInputStream(File file): Creates an input file stream to read from the specified File object.
2. FileInputStream(FileDescriptor fdobj) :Creates an input file stream to read from the specified file descriptor.
3. FileInputStream(String name): Creates an input file stream to read from a file with the specified name.
Methods of FileInputStream Class
|Methods ||Action Performed |
|available()||Returns an estimate of the number of remaining bytes that can be read (or skipped over) from this input stream.|
|close()||Closes this file input stream and releases any system resources associated with the stream.|
|finalize()||Ensures that the close method of this file input stream is called when there are no more references to it. |
|getChannel()||Returns the unique FileChannel object associated with this file input stream. |
|getFD()||Returns the FileDescriptor object that represents the connection to the actual file in the file system being used by this FileInputStream.|
|read()||Reads a byte of data from this input stream|
|read(byte b)||Reads up to b.length bytes of data from this input stream into an array of bytes. |
|read(byte b, int off, int len)||Reads up to len bytes of data from this input stream into an array of bytes.|
|skip()||Skips over and discards n bytes of data from the input stream|
Now when we do use these methods we do generically follow these steps to read data from a file using FileInputStream which is ultimatum the goal of FileInputClass
Step 1: Attach a file to a FileInputStream as this will enable us to read data from the file as shown below as follows:
FileInputStream fileInputStream =new FileInputStream(“file.txt”);
Step 2: Now in order to read data from the file, we should read data from the FileInputStream as shown below:
Step 3-A: When there is no more data available to read further, the read() method returns -1;
Step 3-B: Then we should attach the monitor to the output stream. For displaying the data, we can use System.out.print.
Original File content:
This is my first line
This is my second line
"Number of remaining bytes:"
((ch = fin.read()) != -
Number of remaining bytes:45
is my first line
This is my second line
BufferedInputStream can be used to read a buffer full of data at a time from a file. This improves the speed of execution.
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