Inheritance is one in which a new class is created that inherits the properties of the already exist class. It supports the concept of code reusability and reduces the length of the code in object-oriented programming.
Types of Inheritance are:
- Single inheritance
- Multi-level inheritance
- Multiple inheritance
- Hybrid inheritance
- Hierarchical inheritance
Example of Inheritance:
addition of a+b is:11
Here, class B is the derived class which inherit the property(add method) of the base class A.
Polymorphism is that in which we can perform a task in multiple forms or ways. It is applied to the functions or methods. Polymorphism allows the object to decide which form of the function to implement at compile-time as well as run-time.
Types of Polymorphism are:
- Compile-time polymorphism (Method overloading)
- Run-time polymorphism (Method Overriding)
Example of Polymorphism:
addition of a+b is:11 addition of a+b+c is:6 Class B's method is running
Difference between Inheritance and Polymorphism:
|1.||Inheritance is one in which a new class is created (derived class) that inherits the features from the already existing class(Base class).||Whereas polymorphism is that which can be defined in multiple forms.|
|2.||It is basically applied to classes.||Whereas it is basically applied to functions or methods.|
|3.||Inheritance supports the concept of reusability and reduces code length in object-oriented programming.||Polymorphism allows the object to decide which form of the function to implement at compile-time (overloading) as well as run-time (overriding).|
|4.||Inheritance can be single, hybrid, multiple, hierarchical and multilevel inheritance.||Whereas it can be compiled-time polymorphism (overload) as well as run-time polymorphism (overriding).|
|5.||It is used in pattern designing.||While it is also used in pattern designing.|
- Difference between Single and Multiple Inheritance in C++
- Difference between Priority Inversion and Priority Inheritance
- Polymorphism in C++
- Virtual Functions and Runtime Polymorphism in C++ | Set 1 (Introduction)
- Inheritance in C++
- Multiple Inheritance in C++
- Inheritance and friendship
- Does overloading work with Inheritance?
- Difference between C and C++
- Difference Between BFS and DFS
- Difference between MP4 and MP3
- Difference between LAN and WAN
- Difference between RPC and RMI
- Difference between CLI and GUI
- Web 1.0, Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 with their difference
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.
Improved By : sapnasingh4991