# Class 10 RD Sharma Solutions – Chapter 14 Coordinate Geometry – Exercise 14.2 | Set 2

Last Updated : 01 Nov, 2022

### Question 20. The three vertices of a parallelogram are (3, 4), (3, 8), and (9, 8). Find the fourth vertex.

Solution:

Let ABCD be a parallelogram and vertices will be A (3, 4), B (3, 8), C (9, 8)

and the co-ordinates of fourth vertex D be(x, y)

Now AB =

Similarly, BC =

and DA =

Hence, ABCD is a ||gm

Here, AB = CD and BC = AD

CD =

On squaring both sides we get

(x – 9)2 + (y – 8)2 = (4)2

x2 – 18x + 81 + y2 – 16y + 64 = 16

x2 + y2 – 18x – 16y = 16 – 81 – 64

x2 + y2 – 18x – 16y = -129    ………..(i)

On squaring both sides we get

(3 – x)2 + (4 – y)2 = 26

9 + x2 – 6x + 16 + y2 – 8y = 36

x2 + y2 – 6x – 8y = 36 – 9 – 16

x2 + y2 – 6x – 8y = 11    ………..(ii)

Now on subtracting eq(i) from (ii), we get

12x + 8y = 140

3x + 2y = 35

2y = 35 – 3x

y = (35 – 3x)/2    ………..(iii)

Now substituting the value of y in eq (ii)

4x2 + 1225 + 9x2 – 210x – 24x – 560 = 44

13x2 – 186 + 621 = 0

13x2 – 117x – 69x + 621 = 0

13x(x – 9) – 69(x – 9) = 0

(x – 9)(13x – 69) = 0

Either x – 9 = 0, then x = 9

or 13x – 69 = 0, then x69/13 which is not possible

So, x = 9

Hence, the vertex will be (9,4)

### Question 21. Find a point which is equidistant from the point A (-5, 4) and B (-1, 6). How many such points are there?

Solution:

Let us considered P (h, k) be the point which is equidistant from the points A (-5, 4) and B (-1, 6).

So, PA = PB

Therefore, (PA)2 = (PB)2

Now by distance formula, we get

(-5 – h)2 + (4 – k)2 = (-1 – h)2 + (6 – k)2

25 + h2 + 10h + 16 + k2 – 8k = 1h2 + 2h + 36 + k2 – 12k

25 + 10h + 16 – 8k = 1 + 2h + 36 – 12k

8h + 4k + 41 – 37 = 0

8h + 4k + 4 = 0

2h + k + 1 = 0          …….(i)

Midpoint of AB = ((-5 – 1)/2, (4 + 6)/2) = (-3, 5)

At point (-3, 5), from eq(i)

2h + k = 2(-3) + 6

-6 + 5 = -1

2h + k + 1 = 0

So, the mid-point of AB satisfy the Eq. (i).

Hence, infinite number of points, in fact all points which are solution

of the equation 2h + k + 1 = 0, are equidistant from the point A and B.

Replacing h, k, by x, y in above equation, we have 2x + y + 1 = 0

### Question 22. The centre of a circle is (2a, a â€“ 7). Find the values of a if the circle passes through the point (11, -9) and has diameter 10âˆš2 units.

Solution:

According to the question

Distance between the centre C (2a, a – 1) and the point P (11, -9), which lie on the circle = Radius of circle

So, Radius of circle =       …..(i)

Given that, length of diameter = 10âˆš2

Therefore, length of radius = Length of diameter/2

= 10âˆš2/2 = 5âˆš2

Now put this value in eq(i), we get

Squaring on both sides, we get

50 = (11 – 2a)2 + (2 + a)2

50 = 121 + 4a2 – 44a + 4 + a2 + 4a

5a2 – 40a + 75 = 0

a2 – 8a + 15 = 0

a2 – 5a – 3a + 15 = 0

a(a – 5) – 3(a – 5) = 0

(a – 5)(a – 3) = 0

So, a = 3, 5

Hence, the required values of a are 5 and 3.

### Question 23. Ayush starts walking from his house to office. Instead of going to the office directly, he goes to a bank first, from there to his daughterâ€™s school and then reaches the office. What is the extra distance travelled by Ayush in reaching the office? (Assume that all distance covered are in straight lines). If the house is situated at (2, 4), bank at (5, 8), school at (13, 14), and office at (13, 26), and coordinates are in kilometers.

Solution:

According to the figure

Distance between two points

Now, distance between house and bank

Distance between bank and daughter’s

School

Distance between daughter’s school and office

Total distance (house+bank+school+office) travelled = 5 + 10 + 12 = 27 units

Distance between house to offices

= 24.59 = 24.6km

So, the extra distance travelled by Ayush in reaching his office = 27 – 24.6 = 2.4km.

Hence, the required extra distance travelled by Ayush is 2.4 km

### Question 24. Find the value of k, if the point P (0, 2) is equidistant from (3, k) and (k, 5).

Solution:

Let us considered P (0, 2) is equidistant from A (3, k) and B (k, 5)

PA = PB

=> PA2 = PB2

Therefore, PA2 = (0 – 3)2 + (2 – k)2

= (-3)2 + (2 – k)2

= k2 – 4k + 13

Similarly, PB2 = (k – 0)2 + (5 – 2)2

= k2 + (3)2 = k2 + 9

Therefore, PA = PB

PA2 = PB2

k2 – 4k + 13 = k2 + 9

-4k = 9 – 13

-4k = -4

k = -4/-4 = 1

Hence, K = 1.

### Question 25. If (-4, 3) and (4, 3) are two vertices of an equilateral triangle, find the coordinates of the third vertex, given that the origin lies in the

(i) interior,

(ii) the exterior of the triangle.

Solution:

Let us considered the third vertex of an equilateral triangle be (x, y).

So, the vertices are A (-4, 3), B (4,3) and C (x, y).

We know that, in equilateral triangle the angle between two

adjacent side is 60 and all three sides are equal.

Therefore, AB = BC = CA

AB2 = BC2 = CA2                …..(i)

Now, taking first two parts

AB2 = BC2

(4 + 4)2 + (3 – 3)2 = (x – 4)2 + (y – 3)2

64 + 0 = x2 + 16 – 8x + y2 + 9 – 6y

x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y = 39          …..(ii)

Now, taking first and third parts.

AB2 = CA2

(4 + 4)2 + (3 – 3)2 = (x – 4)2 + (y – 3)2

64 + 0 = x2 + 16 – 8x + y2 + 9 – 6y

x2 + y2 – 8x – 6y = 39

On subtracting eq(ii) from (iii), we get

x = 0

Now, put the value of x in eq(ii), we get

0 + y2 – 0 – 6y = 39

y2 – 6y – 39 = 0

Therefore, y =

So, the points of third vertex are

(0, 3+âˆš3)or(3 – 4âˆš3)

But it is given that, the origin lies in the interior of the âˆ†ABC and the x-coordinate of third vertex is zero.

So, y-coordinate of third vertex should be negative.

Hence, the requirement coordinate of third vertex,

C = (0, 3 â€“ 4âˆš3)

### Question 26. Show that the points (-3, 2), (-5, -5), (2, -3), and (4, 4) are the vertices of a rhombus. Find the area of this rhombus.

Solution:

Let us considered the co-ordinates of the vertices A, B, C and D of a rhombus are A (-3, 2), B (-5, -5), C (2, -3) and D (4, 4)

or AB2 = (-2)2 + (-7)2 = 4 + 49 = 53

Similarly, BC2 = (2 + 5)2 + (-3 + 5)2

= (7)2 + (2)2 = 49 + 4 = 53

CD2 = (4 – 2)2 + (4 + 3)2

= (2)2 + (7)2 = 4 + 48 = 53

and DA2 = (-3 – 4)2 + (2 – 4)2

= (-7)2 + (-2)2 = 49 + 4 = 53

Therefore, we see that AB = BC = CD = DA = âˆš53

Now diagonals AC =

and diagonal BD =

Therefore, sides are equal but diagonal are not equal

Hence, ABCD is a rhombus

Now we find the area of rhombus = Product of diagonal/2

= (5âˆš2 Ã— 9âˆš2)/2

= 9/2

= 45sq.units

### Question 27. Find the coordinates of the circumcenter of the triangle whose vertices are (3, 0), (-1, -6), and (4, -1). Also, find its circumradius.

Solution:

Let us considered ABC is a triangle whose vertices are A (3, 0), B (-1, -6) and C (4, -1)

So, O be the circumcenter of the triangle ABC and so the co-ordinates be (x, y)

Therefore, OA = OB = OC

OA2 = OB2 = OC2

Now OA =

OA2 = (x2 – x1)2 + (y2 – y1)2

= (x – 3)2 + (y – 0)2

= (x – 3)2 + y2

OB2 = (x + 1)2 +(y + 6)2

and OC2 = (x – 4)2 + (y + 1)2

Therefore, OA2 = OB2

(x – 3)2 + y2 = (x + 1)2 + (y + 6)2

x2 – 6x + 9 + y2 = x2 + 2x + 1 + y2 + 12y + 36

-6x – 2x – 12y = 1 + 36 – 9

-8x – 12y = 28

2x + 3y = -7 ……..(i)

Therefore, OB2 = OC2

(x + 1)2 + (y + 6)2 = (x – 4)2 + (y + 1)2

x2 + 2x + 1 + y2 + 12y + 36 = x2 – 8x + 16 + y2 + 2y + 1

2x + 12y + 37 + 8x – 2y = 17

10x + 10y = 17 – 37 = -20

x + y = -2          ……..(ii)

On multiply eq(i) by 1 and (ii) by 2, we get

2x + 3y = -7

2x + 2y = -4

Now, on substituting y = -3, we get

x + y = -2

x – 3 = -2

x = -2 + 3 = 1

Radius = OA =  = âˆš13

### Question 28. Find a point on the x-axis which is equidistant from the points (7, 6) and (-3, 4).

Solution:

The required point is on x-axis

Its ordinate will be O

So, the co-ordinates of the required point P (x, 0)

It is given that the point P is equidistant from the points A (7, 6) and B (-3, 4)

Now AP

Therefore, AP2 = (x – 7)2 + 36

Similarly, BP2 = (x + 3)2 + (0 – 4)2

= (x + 3)2 + 16

Therefore, AP = BP

AP2 = BP2

Therefore, (x – 7)2 + 36 = (x + 3)2 + 16

x2 – 14x + 49 + 36 = x2 + 6x + 9 + 16

x2 – 14x – x2 – 6x = 25 – 85

-20x = -60

x = -60/-20 = 3

Therefore, the required point will be (3, 0)

### (iii) Name the type of triangle PQR formed by the point P(âˆš2, âˆš2), Q(- âˆš2, â€“ âˆš2), and R (-âˆš6, âˆš6).

Solution:

(i) Given points are given A (5, 6), B (1, 5), C (2, 1) and D (6, 2)

Now AB2 = (x2 – x1)2 + (y2 – y1)2

= (1 – 5)2 + (5 – 6)2

= (-4)2 + (-1)2 = 16 + 1 = 17

Similarly, BC = (2 – 1)2 + (1 – 5)2

= (1)2 + (-4)2

= 1 + 16 = 17

CD = (6 – 2)2 + (2 – 1)2 + (4)2 + (1)2

= 16 + 1 = 17

and DA = (5 – 6)2 + (6 – 2)2

= (-1)2 + (4)2

= 1 + 16 = 17

Diagonals AC2 = (2 – 5)2 + (1 – 6)2

= (-3)2 + (-5)2

= 9 + 25

=34

and BD2 = (6 – 1)2 + (2 – 5)2

= (5)2 + (-3)2

= 25 + 9 = 34

We conclude that

AB = BC = CD = DA and diagonals AC = BD

Hence, ABCD is a square.

(ii) Given points A(2, 3), B(-2, 2), C(-1, -2) and D(3, -1)

Similarly,

Therefore, AB, BC, CD and DA are equal and diagonals AC and BD are also equal

Hence, ABCD is a square.

(iii) Using distance formula

Since, PQ = PR = RQ = 4, so, the point P, Q, R form an equilateral triangle.

### Question 30. Find the point on x-axis which is equidistant from the points (-2, 5) and (2, -3).

Solution:

Let us considered point P lies on x-axis

So, the coordinates of point P be (x, 0)

It is given that P is equidistant from A (-2, 5) and B (2, -3)

AP2 = (x + 2)2 + (-5)

= (x + 2)2 + 25

BP2 = (x – 2)2 + (0 + 3)2

= (x – 2)2 + 9

AP = BP

So, AP2 = BP2

(x + 2)2 + 25 = (x – 2)2 + 9

x2 + 4x + 4 + 25 = x2 – 2x + 4 + 9

x2 + 4x – x2 + 4x = 13 – 29

8x = -16

x = -16/8

x = -2

Hence, the co-ordinates of point P are(-2, 0)

### Question 31. Find the value of x such that PQ = QR where the co-ordinates of P, Q, and R are (6, -1), (1, 3), and (x, 8) respectively.

Solution:

Given that the co-ordinates of P (6, -1), Q(1, 3), and R(x, 8)

Also, PQ = QR

By using the distance formula

D =

We find the length of PQ and QR

PQ2 = (1 – 6)2 + (3 + 1)2

= (-5)2 + (4)2

= 25 + 16 = 41

QR2 = (x – 1)2 + (8 – 3)

= (x – 1)2 + (5)2 = (x – 1)2 + 25

It is given that PQ = QR

So PQ2 = QR2

41 = (x – 1)2 + 25

(x – 1)2 = 41 – 25 = 16 = (Â±4)2

x – 1 = Â±4

If x – 1 = 4, then x = 1 + 4 = 5

If x – 1 = -4 then x = -4 + 1 = -3

Hence, the value of x = 5, -3

### Question 32. Prove that the points (0, 0), (5, 5), and (-5, 5) are the vertices of a right isosceles triangle.

Solution:

Let us consider ABC is a triangle whose vertices are A(0, 0), B(5, 5), and C(-5, 5)

Now

AB2 = (âˆš50)2 = 50

Similarly, BC2 = (-5 – 5)2(5 – 5)2

= (-10)2 + (0)2 = 100 + 0 = 100

and CA2 = (0 + 5)2 + (0 – 5)2

= (5)2 + (-5)2 = 25 + 25 = 50

Here, we conclude that AB = CA

Also, AB2 + CA2 = 50 + 50 = 100 = BC2

Hence, the triangle ABC is a right triangle.

### Question 33. If the points P (x, y) is equidistant from the points A (5, 1) and B (1,5), prove that x = y.

Solution:

Let us consider P(x, y) is equidistant from the points A (5, 1) and B (1,5),

It is given that PA = PB

Also, PA2 = PB2

Now, PA=

On squaring both sides, we get

(5 – x)2 + (1 – y)2 = (1 – x)2 + (5 – y)2

25 + x2 – 10x + 1 + y2 – 2y = 1 + x2 – 2x + 25 + y2 – 10y

-10x – 2y + 26 = -2x – 10y + 26

-10x – 2y = -2x – 10y

-10x + 2x = -10y + 2y

-8x = -8xy

x = y

### Question 34. If Q (0, 1) is equidistant from P (5, -3) and R (x, 6) find the values of x. Also find the distances QR and PR.

Solution:

Given that Q (0, 1) is equidistant from P (5, -3) and R (x, 6)

So, PQ = RQ

Also, PA2 = PB2

Now

PQ2 = 41

Similarly, RQ2 = (-x)2 + (1 – 6)

= (-x)2 + (-5)2 = x2 + 25

It is given that PQ = RQ
So,

x2 + 25 = 41

x2 = 41 – 25

x2 = (Â±4)

x = Â±4

Now, QR = âˆšx2 + 25 = âˆš41

So, when x = 4, then

or when x = -4, then

### Question 35. Find the values of y for which the distance between the points P (2, -3) and Q (10, y) is 10 units.

Solution:

Given that the distance between P (2, -3) and Q (10, y) = 10

So,

On squaring both side we get

64 + (y + 3)2 = 100

(y + 3)2 = 100 – 64

(y + 3)2 = 36

y + 3  = (Â±6)

So, when y + 3 = 6, then y = 6 – 3 = 3

Or when y + 3 = -6, then y = -6 – 3 = -9

Hence, y = 3, -9

### Question 36. If the point P (k â€“ 1, 2) is equidistant from the points A (3, k) and B (k, 5), find the values of k.

Solution:

Given that the point P (k â€“ 1, 2) is equidistant from A (3, k) and B (k, 5)

So, PA = PB

Also, PA2 = PB2

(k – 1 – 3)2 + (2 – k)2 = (k – 1 – k)2 + (2 – 5)2

(k – 4)2 + (2 – k)2 = (-1)2 + (-3)2

k2 – 8k + 16 + 4 – 4k + k2 = 1 + 9

2k2 – 12k + 20 – 10 = 0

2k2 – 12k + 10 = 0

k2 – k – 5k + 5 = 0

k(k – 1) – 5(k – 5) = 0

(k – 1)(k – 5) = 0

Either k – 1 = 0, then k = 1

or k – 5 = 0, then k = 5

Hence, k = 1, 5

### Question 37. If the point A (0, 2) is equidistant from the point B (3, p) and C (p, 5), find p. Also, find the length of AB.

Solution:

Given that point A (0, 2) is equidistant from B (3, p) and C (p, 5)

So, AB = AC

Also, AB2 = AC2

(0 – 3)2 + (2 – p)2 = (0 – p)2 + (2 – 5)2

9 + (2 – p)2 = p2 + 9

9 + 4 + p2 – 4p = p2 + 9

p2 – 4p + 13 – p2 – 9 = 0

-4p – 4 = 0

-4p = -4

p = -4/-4 = 1

p = 1

and AB =

### Question 38. Name the quadrilateral formed, if any, by the following points, and give reasons for your answers :

(i) A (-1, -2), B (1, 0), C (-1, 2), D (-3, 0)

(ii) A (-3, 5), B (3, 1), C (0, 3), D (-1, -4)

(iii) A (4, 5), B (7, 6), C (4, 3), D (1, 2)

Solution:

(i) Given points are A (-1, -2), B (1, 0), C (-1, 2), D (-3, 0)

Now

AB2 = (x2 – x1) + (y2 – y1)

= (1 + 1)2 + (0 + 2)

= (2)2 + (2)2

= 4 + 4 = 8

Similarly, BC2 = (-1 – 1)2 + (2 – 0)

= (-2)2 + (2)

= 4 + 4 = 8

CD2 = (-3 + 1)2 + (0 – 2)

= (-2)2 + (-2)2

= 4 + 4 = 8

DA2 = (-1 + 3)2 + (-2 + 0)

= (2)2 + (-2)

= 4 + 4 = 8

Diagonal AC2 = (-1 + 1)2 + (2 + 2)2

= (0)2 + (4)2 = 0 + 16 = 16

and BD2 = (-3 – 1)2 + (0 – 0)2 = (-4)2 + (0) = 16

Therefore, the sides are equal and diagonals are also equal

Hence, the quadrilateral ABCD is a square.

(ii) Given points are A (-3, 5), B (3, 1), C (0, 3), D (-1, -4)

Now AB

AB2 = (x2 – x1) + (y2 – y1)

= (3 + 3)2 + (1 – 5)

= (6)2 + (-4)2

= 36 + 16 = 52

Similarly, BC2 = (0 – 3)2 + (3 – 1)2

= (-3)2 + (2)2

= 9 + 4 = 13

CD2 = (-1 – 0)2 + (-4 – 3)

= (-1)2 + (-7)2

= 1 + 49 = 50

DA2 = (-3 + 1)2 + (5 + 4)

= (-2)2 + (9)2

= 4 + 81 = 85

Diagonal AC2 = (0 + 3)2 + (3 – 5)2 = (3)2 + (-2)2 = 9 + 4 = 13

In triangle ABC

The length of AB = âˆš52, AC = âˆš13, BC = âˆš13

AC + BC = âˆš13 + âˆš13 = 2âˆš13

= âˆš4 * 13 = âˆš52

AC + BC = AB

Triangle ABC is not possible

Hence, ABCD is not a quadrilateral

(iii) Points A (4, 5), B (7, 6), C (4, 3), D (1, 2)

Now AB

AB2 = (x2 – x1) + (y2 – y1)

= (7 – 4)2 + (6 – 5)

= (3)2 + (1)2

= 9 + 1 = 10

Similarly, BC2 = (4 – 7)2 + (3 – 6)2

= (3)2 + (-3)2 = 9 + 9 = 18

CD2 = (1 – 4)2 + (2 – 3)

= (-3)2 + (-1)2

= 9 + 1 = 10

DA2 = (4 – 1)2 + (5 – 2)2 = (3)2 + (3)2 = 9 + 9 = 18

Here AB = CD and BC = DA

Diagonal AC2 = (4 – 4)2 + (3 – 5)2

= (0)2 + (-2)2

= 0 + 4 = 4

and BD2 = (1 – 7)2 + (2 – 6)2 = (-6)2 + (-4)2

= 36 + 16 = 52

Hence the opposite sides are equal and diagonals are not equal.

So, ABCD is a parallelogram.

### Question 39. Find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining points (7, 1) and (3, 5).

Solution:

Let the given points are A (7, 1) and B (3, 5) and mid point be M

Coordinates of mid-point AB = ((7 + 3)/2, (1 + 5)/2) = (5, 3)

Now slope of AB(m1)

Slope of perpendicular to AB(m2) = -1/m1 = -(-1) = -1

So, the equation of the perpendicular line passing through multiple y – y1 = m(x – x1)

y – 3 = 1(x – 5)

y – 3 = x – 5

x – y = -3 + 5

x – y = 2

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