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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper 2017 with Solutions

Last Updated : 31 Jan, 2024
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The CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper for 2017 provides valuable practice material for students preparing for their board exams. This document includes a set of questions covering various topics in social science, allowing students to assess their knowledge and test-taking skills. The solutions provided offer guidance and explanations to help students understand the correct answers and improve their performance. This resource serves as a useful tool for self-assessment and exam preparation.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper 2017 With Solutions

Time Allowed: 3 hours                                                              Maximum Marks: 90 Marks

1. Name the writer of the book ‘Hind Swaraj’. (1)

The writer of the book ‘Hind Swaraj’ is Mahatma Gandhi.

2. Name the river related to National Waterways No. 2. (1)

National Waterways No. 2 is associated with the Brahmaputra River.

3. Explain any one difference between a pressure group and a political party. (1)

One key difference between a pressure group and a political party is that political parties aim to form the government and contest elections, while pressure groups focus on influencing government policies and decisions without seeking direct political power.

4. Explain the meaning of democracy. (1)

Democracy is a form of government where citizens have the power to elect their leaders, participate in decision-making, and have equal rights and freedoms.

5.Name any one political party of India which grew out of a movement. (1)

A political party that grew out of a movement is the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in India.

6.How does the use of money make it easier to exchange things? Give an example. (1)

Money simplifies exchange by serving as a universally accepted medium of exchange. For example, using currency notes to buy goods instead of bartering.

7. Give an example of violation of consumer’s right to choose. (1)

Violation of consumer’s right to choose can occur through deceptive advertising that misleads consumers into making uninformed choices.

8. How is the maximum retail price printed on packets beneficial for you? (1)

Maximum retail price printed on packets benefits consumers by ensuring price transparency and preventing overcharging.

9. Describe any three economic hardships faced by Europe in the 1830s. (1)

In the 1830s, Europe faced several economic hardships:

  1. Agricultural Crisis: Poor harvests and agricultural downturns led to food shortages and increased prices, causing hardship for rural populations.
  2. Economic Stagnation: Economic growth was sluggish, and industrialization had not yet taken off in many parts of Europe, resulting in limited job opportunities and poverty.
  3. Financial Instability: Banking crises and economic recessions in various countries, including France and the United Kingdom, contributed to economic instability and uncertainty during this period.


Describe any three problems faced by the French in the sphere of education in Vietnam. (1)

Three problems faced by the French in the sphere of education in Vietnam were:

  1. Language Barrier: The imposition of the French language as the medium of instruction created a language barrier for Vietnamese students.
  2. Limited Access: Education was mainly accessible to the elite, leaving most of the population without access to quality education.
  3. Cultural Imposition: The French education system promoted French culture at the expense of Vietnamese culture, leading to cultural alienation.

10. Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’ in February, 1922? Explain any three reasons. (3)

Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement in February 1922 for several reasons:

  1. Chauri Chaura Incident: The violent incident in Chauri Chaura, where a police station was set on fire by a mob, led to the loss of lives. Gandhi believed that non-violence was paramount, and this incident violated that principle.
  2. Lack of Discipline: The movement faced issues of indiscipline and violence in various places, making it difficult to maintain the non-violent character of the protest.
  3. Government Repression: The British government responded to the movement with harsh repression, mass arrests, and violence against protesters. Gandhi wanted to avoid further bloodshed and violence.

These factors led Gandhi to call off the Non-Cooperation Movement as he believed it was essential to maintain non-violence and discipline in the struggle for independence.

11. Evaluate the role of business classes in the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’. (3)

The business classes played a significant role in the Civil Disobedience Movement. They provided financial support to the movement by contributing funds to the Congress and participating in hartals and boycotts. However, their involvement varied; some business leaders were actively engaged in the protests, while others remained cautious due to economic concerns. Overall, their support added momentum to the movement and showcased the widespread desire for independence among various sections of society, including the business community.

12. Describe any three characteristics of the Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur Iron-ore belt in India. (3)

The Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur Iron-ore belt in India is known for its rich iron ore deposits. Three characteristics of this belt are:

  1. Abundant Iron Ore: It contains extensive reserves of high-grade iron ore, making it a vital source for iron and steel production.
  2. Geographical Spread: The belt stretches across parts of Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra, covering a significant geographical area.
  3. Industrial Significance: It has played a crucial role in the development of iron and steel industries in the region, contributing to economic growth and industrialization.

These characteristics highlight the importance of this belt in India’s industrial landscape.

13. Analyse the role of the manufacturing sector in the economic development of India. (3)

The manufacturing sector has been a cornerstone of India’s economic development. It has contributed significantly to GDP growth, employment generation, and exports. This sector encompasses a wide range of industries, from textiles and automobiles to pharmaceuticals and electronics. It has attracted foreign investment and led to the development of industrial clusters. However, challenges such as infrastructural constraints and regulatory issues need to be addressed to further boost the sector’s growth. The “Make in India” initiative and efforts to improve ease of doing business aim to promote manufacturing and enhance its role in India’s economic progress.

14. Examine with example the role of means of transport and communication in making our life prosperous and comfortable. (3)

Means of transport and communication have played a pivotal role in enhancing our quality of life and economic prosperity. For instance, the development of efficient road and rail networks has facilitated the movement of goods and people, boosting trade and connectivity. Additionally, the advent of modern communication technologies like the internet and smartphones has revolutionized communication, making information accessible instantly and globally. These advancements have not only improved our daily lives but also accelerated economic growth, trade, and social interactions, leading to a more comfortable and prosperous society.

15.Analyse the role of popular struggles in the development of democracy. (3)

Popular struggles play a significant role in the development of democracy. They provide a platform for citizens to voice their concerns and demand their rights. Through movements, protests, and activism, people can hold governments accountable, influence policies, and ensure representation. For example, India’s freedom struggle against British colonial rule was a popular struggle that ultimately led to the establishment of a democratic nation. These struggles continue to shape democracies worldwide, fostering political participation and safeguarding citizens’ interests, thereby strengthening the democratic system.

16.How do pressure groups and movements strengthen democracy? Explain.(3)

Pressure groups and movements strengthen democracy by providing a voice to diverse interests and concerns within society. They offer an avenue for citizens to participate in the political process outside of traditional elections. These groups advocate for specific issues, influence policymaking, and hold governments accountable. By representing various segments of the population, they ensure that democracy remains responsive to the needs and desires of the people. Pressure groups and movements foster pluralism, encourage debate, and contribute to a more inclusive and vibrant democratic system. They help balance power, prevent authoritarianism, and promote civic engagement.

17. On the basis of which values will it be a fair expectation that democracy should produce a harmonious social life? Explain. (3)

Democracy should produce a harmonious social life based on values such as equality, justice, tolerance, and respect for diversity. In a fair and functioning democracy, these values guide interactions among citizens and ensure that everyone’s rights and opinions are respected. Democracy fosters an environment where individuals can peacefully express their views, participate in decision-making, and work together to address societal challenges. When these democratic values are upheld, it contributes to a harmonious coexistence within society, promoting cooperation, understanding, and the resolution of conflicts through dialogue and compromise.

18.Explain any three loan activities of banks in India. (3)

Banks in India engage in various loan activities, including:

  1. Retail Loans: Banks offer retail loans to individuals for various purposes such as home loans, personal loans, and vehicle loans. These loans cater to the personal financial needs of customers.
  2. Agricultural Loans: Banks provide agricultural loans to farmers to support crop cultivation, purchase equipment, and meet agricultural expenses. These loans promote rural development and agriculture.
  3. Corporate Loans: Banks extend loans to businesses and corporations for expansion, working capital, and investment purposes. These loans facilitate economic growth and industrial development in the country.

19.How do Multi-National Corporations (MNCs) interlink production across countries? Explain with examples. (3)

Multi-National Corporations (MNCs) interlink production across countries through a process known as globalization. They establish subsidiaries, factories, and supply chains in multiple countries to take advantage of resources, markets, and cost efficiencies. For example, an American tech company like Apple designs its products in the US, manufactures components in countries like China, and assembles them globally. This interlinked production network allows MNCs to optimize resources and access diverse markets, contributing to their global success.

20.Analyse the importance of the three-tier judicial machinery under Consumer Protection Act (COPRA), 1986 for redressal of consumer disputes. (3)

The three-tier judicial machinery under the Consumer Protection Act (COPRA), 1986 is crucial for the effective redressal of consumer disputes.

  1. District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forums: These provide accessible forums for consumers to file complaints at the district level, ensuring convenience and swift resolution.
  2. State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commissions: These serve as the appellate authority for cases from the district level, offering a higher level of scrutiny and expertise.
  3. National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission: The apex body that handles complex cases and appeals from the state level, ensuring uniformity in consumer rights enforcement.

Together, these tiers provide a comprehensive framework for consumers to seek justice and hold businesses accountable for any grievances.

21.”The first clear expression of nationalism came with the ‘French Revolution’ in 1789.” Examine the statement. (5)

The statement that “The first clear expression of nationalism came with the ‘French Revolution’ in 1789” holds true to a significant extent. The French Revolution’s ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity ignited a sense of national identity among the French people. It gave rise to the idea of a unified nation-state governed by its citizens. However, it’s essential to acknowledge that elements of nationalism existed before 1789 in various forms, but the French Revolution played a pivotal role in crystallizing and popularizing these ideas, making it a watershed moment in the development of modern nationalism.


Examine the reasons that forced America to withdraw from the Vietnam. (5)

The United States withdrew from Vietnam primarily due to a combination of factors:

  1. Escalating Costs: The Vietnam War became increasingly costly in terms of both finances and lives, leading to public opposition and protests.
  2. Military Stalemate: Despite significant military involvement, the U.S. couldn’t achieve a decisive victory, leading to frustration.
  3. Public Opposition: Widespread anti-war protests and domestic unrest eroded public support for the war.
  4. International Pressure: Diplomatic efforts and pressure from other countries contributed to the decision.
  5. Realization of Limited Goals: The U.S. recognized the limited impact of military intervention in achieving its objectives.

These factors compelled the U.S. to withdraw from Vietnam in 1973.

22. How did the Colonial Government repress the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’? Explain. (5)

During the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ in India, the Colonial Government used various repressive measures to suppress the movement:

  1. Arrests and Imprisonments: Thousands of activists, including Mahatma Gandhi, were arrested and imprisoned.
  2. Use of Force: The police used force to disperse protesters, leading to casualties.
  3. Banning Congress: The government banned the Indian National Congress and other associated organizations.
  4. Confiscation of Property: Properties of many activists were confiscated.
  5. Press Censorship: Strict censorship was imposed on the press to control the flow of information.

These repressive actions were aimed at quelling the civil disobedience movement and maintaining British colonial control in India.

23. Why is it necessary to conserve mineral resources? Explain any four ways to conserve mineral resources. (5)

Conservation of mineral resources is crucial for sustainable development due to their finite nature. Four ways to conserve mineral resources include:

Recycling: Promoting recycling reduces the need for extracting new minerals.

Efficient Extraction: Modern techniques minimize waste during extraction.

  1. Reduced Consumption: Encouraging responsible consumption lowers the demand for minerals.
  2. Sustainable Mining Practices: Implementing eco-friendly mining methods minimizes environmental impact.

Conservation ensures a steady supply of minerals for future generations and reduces environmental degradation.

24.Analyse the role of chemical industries in the Indian economy. (5)

The chemical industry plays a significant role in the Indian economy. It contributes to the manufacturing sector’s growth, provides employment, and generates revenue. Chemical products are essential in various sectors like agriculture, pharmaceuticals, textiles, and more. India has seen substantial growth in chemical exports, contributing to foreign exchange earnings. Additionally, the chemical industry supports innovation and research, leading to technological advancements. However, it also poses environmental and health challenges, necessitating strict regulations and responsible practices to balance economic growth with sustainability.

25. Describe any five characteristics of democracy. (5)

  1. Universal Adult Suffrage: In a democracy, all adult citizens have the right to vote in free and fair elections. This ensures that the government represents the will of the people.
  2. Elected Representatives: Leaders, including the head of state, are elected by the people through periodic elections. They derive their authority from the consent of the governed.
  3. Rule of Law: In a democratic system, everyone, including those in power, is subject to the law. The legal system upholds justice, equality, and the protection of citizens’ rights.
  4. Fundamental Rights: Citizens enjoy certain fundamental rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, religion, and assembly, which are protected by the constitution.
  5. Majority Rule with Minority Rights: While decisions are often made through majority voting, democratic systems also protect the rights of minorities to prevent the tyranny of the majority. This ensures that minority voices are heard and respected within the system.

These characteristics collectively contribute to the functioning of a democratic society where citizens’ participation, equality, and protection of rights are paramount.

26. “”It is very difficult to reform politics through legal ways.” Evaluate the statement. (5)

The statement “It is very difficult to reform politics through legal ways” reflects the challenges in achieving substantial political reform solely through legal means. While legal avenues like legislative changes and court interventions are essential in a democracy, they can be slow and face obstacles due to vested interests and political resistance. Meaningful political reform often requires a combination of legal, social, and grassroots efforts, including civic engagement, awareness, and public pressure. History has shown that significant political change is often driven by a mix of legal and extra-legal actions, highlighting the complexity of reforming politics within a democratic framework.

27.Analyse any five positive effects of globalisation on the Indian economy. (5)

Globalization has had several positive effects on the Indian economy:

  1. Economic Growth: Globalization has opened up markets, attracting foreign investments, and promoting economic growth.
  2. Employment Opportunities: It has created job opportunities in sectors like IT and manufacturing, reducing unemployment.
  3. Access to Technology: India has benefited from technology transfer and access to advanced knowledge and skills.
  4. Consumer Choices: Increased trade has led to a wider variety of goods and services for consumers.
  5. Entrepreneurship: Globalization has encouraged entrepreneurship and innovation, fostering a dynamic business environment. These factors have contributed to India’s economic development.

28.What is liberalisation? Describe any four effects of liberalisation on the Indian economy. (5)

Liberalization refers to the process of reducing government regulations and restrictions in the economy to promote free-market principles. In the case of India, liberalization, which began in the early 1990s, had several significant effects:

  1. Economic Growth: Liberalization led to higher economic growth rates due to increased private sector participation and investment.
  2. Globalization: It integrated the Indian economy with the global market, facilitating trade and foreign investments.
  3. Increased Competition: Liberalization introduced competition in various sectors, resulting in improved product quality and choices for consumers.
  4. Technological Advancement: It encouraged the adoption of modern technologies and innovations, enhancing productivity and efficiency.

These effects collectively transformed India’s economic landscape, leading to higher growth and development.

29. Three features A, B and C are marked on the given political outline map of India (on page 9). Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the map: (5)

A. The city associated with the Jallianwala Bagh incident.

B. The place where the Indian National Congress session was held.

C. The place where Gandhiji violated the Salt Law.

Note: The following questions are for the Visually Impaired Candidates only, in lieu of Q. No. 29: (29.1) Name the city related to Jallianwala Bagh incident. (29.2) Name the State where the Indigo planters organised Satyagraha. (29.3) Name the place where Gandhiji violated the Salt Law.

A. Amritsar B. Calcutta (now Kolkata) C. Dandi

(29.1) Amritsar (29.2) Bihar (29.3) Dandi

30. On the given political outline map of India (on page 11) locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols: (5)

A. Naraura – Nuclear Power Plant B. Tuticorin – Major Sea Port C. Bhilai – Iron and Steel Plant

Note: The following questions are for the Visually Impaired Candidates only, in lieu of Q. No. 30: (30.1) Name the State where Naraura Nuclear Power Plant is located. (30.2) Name the State where Tuticorin Sea Port is located. (30.3) In which State is the Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant located?

A. Naraura Nuclear Power Plant is located in Uttar Pradesh. B. Tuticorin Sea Port is located in Tamil Nadu. C. Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant is located in Chhattisgarh.

(30.1) Naraura Nuclear Power Plant is located in Uttar Pradesh. (30.2) Tuticorin Sea Port is located in Tamil Nadu. (30.3) Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant is located in Chhattisgarh.

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