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CBSE Class 9 Social Science Sample Paper SET – 2

Last Updated : 13 Mar, 2024
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The CBSE Class 9 Social Science Sample Paper SET – 2 is a valuable resource for students preparing for their examinations. This sample paper is designed by subject matter experts to align with the latest CBSE syllabus and exam pattern, allowing students to assess their understanding of the subject and practice answering different types of questions.

The sample paper covers all the core topics and concepts prescribed in the CBSE Class 9 Social Science curriculum, including History, Geography, Political Science, and Economics. It includes a variety of question types, such as multiple-choice questions (MCQs), short answer questions, long answer questions, and map-based questions, to comprehensively evaluate students’ knowledge and comprehension levels.

CBSE Class 9 Social Science Sample Paper SET – 2

Time Allowed: 3 hours                                       Maximum Marks: 90 Marks

1. What is the total length of the coastline of the mainland including Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep?

The total length of the coastline of mainland India, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep, is approximately 7,516.6 kilometers.

2. The neighboring countries that share their boundaries with India are?

The neighboring countries that share their boundaries with India are Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.

3. What are the main causes of rock displacement?

The main causes of rock displacement include geological processes such as earthquakes, landslides, and tectonic activities.

4. Name any four factors which are responsible for creating and modifying the relief to its present form.

Four factors responsible for creating and modifying the relief to its present form are weathering, erosion, deposition, and tectonic activities.

5. Which river has the largest basin in India?

The Ganges River has the largest basin in India.

6. An area through which a river and its tributaries flow is called ————.

An area through which a river and its tributaries flow is called a watershed.

7. Name the main production activity of Palampur.

The main production activity of Palampur is agriculture.

8. Give two examples of fixed capital.

Two examples of fixed capital are machinery and buildings.

9. How can the population of a nation becomes human capital?

The population of a nation becomes human capital through education, training, and skill development.

10. What is social exclusion?

Social exclusion refers to the process by which certain individuals or groups are systematically disadvantaged and marginalized within society.

11. What was the name of parliament of France.

The name of the parliament of France is the National Assembly.

12. What was convention?

A convention refers to a formal agreement or treaty between nations.

13. Where did first socialist government form?

The first socialist government was formed in Russia.

14. What do you mean by suffragete movement?

The suffragette movement was a women’s rights movement advocating for the right to vote.

15. Who was the friend of Karl Marx?

Friedrich Engels was a friend of Karl Marx.

16. Where had Hitler born?

Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria.

17. Direct democracy is being practiced in which country?

Direct democracy is being practiced in Switzerland.

18. Why is it not possible to have direct democracy in India?

Direct democracy is not possible in India due to its large and diverse population.

19. On which date the constitution of Indian Republic come into force?

The constitution of the Indian Republic came into force on January 26, 1950.

20. Who was the president of constituent assembly?

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly.

II. Short answer type questions (3 marks)

21.How does India occupy an important strategic position in South Asia?

India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia due to its geographical location. It acts as a bridge between the Middle East and Southeast Asia, providing a crucial land route for trade and cultural exchange. Its proximity to key waterways, such as the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea, enhances its maritime significance. Additionally, India’s geopolitical influence is evident through its diplomatic relations with neighboring countries, making it a central player in regional stability and cooperation.

22.What are the major sources of river pollution?

The major sources of river pollution include industrial discharge, agricultural runoff containing pesticides and fertilizers, untreated sewage, and improper waste disposal. These pollutants contribute to water quality deterioration, negatively impacting aquatic ecosystems and posing risks to human health.

23.Explain the problems which arise due to unequal distribution of land?

Unequal distribution of land leads to various social and economic issues. It results in disparities in income and wealth, leading to poverty and social unrest. Additionally, unequal land distribution can limit access to resources and opportunities, hindering overall economic development and exacerbating rural-urban divides.

24.How has human capital formation helped India?

Human capital formation, achieved through education, skill development, and health improvements, has positively impacted India. It has contributed to a more skilled and productive workforce, fostering economic growth and innovation. Additionally, improved human capital enhances the quality of life, reduces poverty, and promotes social development.

25. Describe the role of philosophers in French Revolution.

Philosophers played a significant role in shaping the intellectual underpinnings of the French Revolution. Thinkers like Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesquieu influenced revolutionary ideals such as equality, liberty, and fraternity. Their writings challenged the existing social and political order, laying the groundwork for the revolutionary ideas that eventually fueled the events of 1789.

26. Why Hitler committed to suicide?

Hitler committed suicide in 1945 as Allied forces closed in on Berlin during World War II. Faced with imminent defeat, capture, and potential war crime trials, Hitler chose suicide as a way to avoid capture and to maintain control over his destiny.

27. How is India a democratic country?

India is a democratic country as it follows the principles of a representative democracy. Citizens elect their representatives through free and fair elections, and the government is accountable to the people. Fundamental rights, equality before the law, and a multi-tiered system of governance are essential elements of India’s democratic structure.

28. What was apartheid?

Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination enforced by the National Party government in South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s. This policy aimed to maintain white supremacy and control over political and economic power. The consequences of apartheid included widespread human rights abuses, social inequality, and international condemnation. The system was dismantled through a series of negotiations, leading to the establishment of a democratic, non-racial South Africa in the early 1990s, with Nelson Mandela becoming its first black president in 1994.

III. Long answer type questions (5 marks)

29.How did the northern plains come to existence? Also mention two features of these plains.

The northern plains of India were formed through geological processes over millions of years. These plains were primarily created by the deposition of sediments brought by major rivers like the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra. The accumulation of these sediments over time created a vast, fertile plain.

Two features of the northern plains: a. Fertility: The northern plains are extremely fertile due to the rich alluvial soil deposited by the rivers. This makes the region highly suitable for agriculture. b. Dense population: The availability of fertile land and a moderate climate has led to a dense population in this region, making it one of the most densely populated areas in the world.

30.What do you understand by human capital formation? Highlight two initiatives each of Indian government to enhance health and education facilities?

Human capital formation refers to the process of developing and increasing the skills, knowledge, and capabilities of the workforce in a country. It involves investment in education, healthcare, and training to enhance the productivity and potential of individuals.

Two initiatives by the Indian government to enhance health and education facilities: a. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA): SSA is a government program aimed at providing universal access to quality elementary education in India. It focuses on improving infrastructure, teacher training, and the overall quality of education. b. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM): NRHM, now known as the National Health Mission (NHM), is a program that aims to provide accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare to rural areas of India. It focuses on improving healthcare infrastructure, maternal and child health, and disease control.

31. What are the major features of poverty?

The major features of poverty include:

  1. Insufficient income and resources: Poverty is characterized by a lack of sufficient income and resources to meet basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing, and healthcare. People in poverty often struggle to afford even the essentials of life.
  2. Limited access to education: Poverty often restricts access to quality education. Impoverished individuals may lack the resources to send their children to school, resulting in lower literacy rates and limited opportunities for skill development.
  3. Inadequate healthcare: Poverty can lead to limited access to healthcare services and a lack of proper nutrition. This can result in higher susceptibility to diseases and poorer overall health outcomes.
  4. Unemployment and underemployment: Poverty is associated with high levels of unemployment or underemployment, where individuals either do not have jobs or have jobs that pay very low wages, making it difficult to escape the cycle of poverty.
  5. Poor living conditions: Those living in poverty may reside in overcrowded, unsanitary, or substandard housing, lacking access to clean water and sanitation facilities, which can lead to a range of health and safety issues.

32. What were the outputs of French Revolution?

The French Revolution had several significant outcomes and outputs, which can be summarized in a 5-mark answer as follows:

  1. End of Monarchy: One of the most prominent outcomes of the French Revolution was the abolition of the monarchy in France. The revolutionaries overthrew the Bourbon monarchy, which had ruled France for centuries, leading to the establishment of the First French Republic in 1792.
  2. Rise of Radical Political Movements: The French Revolution witnessed the emergence of various radical political factions, including the Jacobins, who played a crucial role in shaping the course of the revolution. The radical phase of the revolution saw the implementation of policies such as the Reign of Terror, where thousands of perceived enemies of the revolution were executed.
  3. Social and Political Reforms: The French Revolution brought about significant social and political changes in France. The revolutionaries adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which emphasized individual rights, freedoms, and equality before the law. Feudal privileges, tax exemptions, and aristocratic privileges were abolished.
  4. Napoleonic Era: The revolution ultimately led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, a military general who seized power in a coup d’état in 1799. He established the French Consulate and later the French Empire, becoming Emperor of the French. Napoleon’s rule had a profound impact on France and Europe, spreading revolutionary ideals and legal reforms through the Napoleonic Code.
  5. Spread of Revolutionary Ideals: The French Revolution had a significant impact beyond France’s borders. It inspired movements for liberty and equality in other countries and contributed to the spread of revolutionary ideals across Europe. It influenced subsequent revolutionary movements and the development of modern political ideologies.

33. What are the features of democracy?

The features of democracy can be summarized in a 5-mark answer as follows:

  1. Popular Sovereignty: Democracy is founded on the principle of popular sovereignty, which means that the ultimate authority and power reside with the people. In a democratic system, government decisions are made through elections and voting, allowing citizens to express their will and choose their representatives.
  2. Rule of Law: Democracy upholds the rule of law, meaning that all individuals, including government officials, are subject to and accountable under the law. The law provides a framework for governance and ensures that everyone is treated equally and fairly.
  3. Protection of Individual Rights and Freedoms: Democracies prioritize the protection of individual rights and freedoms. Citizens have the right to freedom of speech, assembly, religion, and other fundamental rights. Democratic systems have mechanisms to safeguard these rights and prevent their infringement.
  4. Pluralism: Democracy encourages pluralism, which means that diverse opinions, interests, and perspectives are not only tolerated but also valued. In a democratic society, there is room for different political parties, ideologies, and interest groups to peacefully coexist and compete for support.
  5. Regular, Free, and Fair Elections: A hallmark of democracy is the regular holding of free and fair elections. Elections are conducted at specified intervals, and they must be free from coercion, fraud, or manipulation. Citizens have the opportunity to choose their representatives and hold them accountable through the electoral process.

34. How South Africa become an example of a modern democratic country?

South Africa became an example of a modern democratic country through a series of transformative steps and historical developments, as summarized in a 5-mark answer:

  1. End of Apartheid: South Africa’s transformation into a modern democratic country began with the dismantling of apartheid, a system of racial segregation and discrimination enforced by the government for decades. Apartheid denied basic rights and freedoms to the majority of South Africa’s population based on their racial background.
  2. Peaceful Transition: One of the key factors that made South Africa’s journey unique was the relatively peaceful transition from apartheid to democracy. Negotiations, led by leaders like Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk, resulted in a peaceful settlement, avoiding a violent civil war that could have ensued.
  3. First Multiracial Elections: In 1994, South Africa held its first multiracial and democratic elections. These elections marked a historic moment as all South Africans, regardless of race or background, were allowed to participate and vote. Nelson Mandela, a symbol of resistance to apartheid, was elected as the country’s first black president.
  4. Progressive Constitution: South Africa adopted a progressive and inclusive constitution in 1996, which guaranteed fundamental rights, equality before the law, and protection for all its citizens. The constitution also established key institutions like an independent judiciary and a constitutional court to safeguard these rights.
  5. Reconciliation and Nation-Building: South Africa placed a strong emphasis on reconciliation and nation-building after the end of apartheid. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was established to address human rights violations and promote healing among communities. This approach helped the country move forward and promote unity among its diverse population.

35. Locate the following on the given outline map of Europe • Paris • Austria • Germany

36.On the outline political map of India, locate and label the following: • Karakaroam range • Anai mudi peak • Chilika lake



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