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NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 : Federalism

Last Updated : 02 Aug, 2023
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NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Social Science Chapter 2Federalism explores how power might be dispersed to take into account regional and linguistic diversity. The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 2 covers all the crucial elements of this chapter. Students may have a greater knowledge of the ideas discussed in Chapter 2 of Federalism with the aid of these NCERT Solutions. Your knowledge of democracy and politics will be essential to building a solid foundation in law, politics, and different democratic concepts. All of the concepts covered in Chapter 2 of the Social Science Civics textbook for Class 10 are well explained in the NCERT Solutions.

NCERT Solutions Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism

NCERT Solutions Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism

Chapter 2: Federalism

Q 1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh, and Goa. 


India Map with Solutions

India Map with Solutions

Q 2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.


  1. South Africa
  2. Pakistan
  3. Australia
World Map Solutions

World Map Solutions

Q 3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.


The similarity between India and Belgium: The union government and state governments share authority in India as well as in Belgium.

Difference between India and Belgium: Belgium has a community government, but India does not have community government.

Q 4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.


Federal Form of Government Unitary Form of Government
In the federal form of government, there is power-sharing between the union and state government. In the case of a unitary form of government, the power is centralized with the union government and the role of state government is not present.
Example: India is a federal country with a union government at the center and state governments at the level of state and Panchayati Rule at the local level of governance. Example: Sri Lank is a good example of a unitary form of government, where power is with the national government.

Q 5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the Constitutional amendment in 1992.


Local Government Pre-1992 Local Government Post Constitutional Amendment 1992
The elections were not held regularly by the local governments. It was now constitutionally mandated for holding elections regularly for local government bodies.
Local governments do not have the powers or even resources of their own. The State governments are required to share some of their powers and also revenues with that of local government bodies and the nature to share power can vary from state to state.

Q 6. Fill in the blanks:

Since the United States is a ___________________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are ______________vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a _____________________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ____________ government has more powers.


Since the United States is a coming-together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a holding-together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the central government has more power.

Q 7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.

  1. Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.
  2. Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.
  3. Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.


I admit to Sangeeta’s response. There would have been a second partition of India if the accommodation policy had not been implemented and linguistic bases for states had not been established. 

For example, making Hindi the official language would have caused Tamil Nadu to secede from India and the South to secede from the North.

Q 8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

  1. National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
  2. Power is distributed among the legislature, executive, and judiciary.
  3. Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
  4. Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.


4. Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Q 9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State, and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A. Defense
B. Police
C. Agriculture 
D. Education
E. Banking
F. Forests
G. Communications
H. Trade
I. Marriages

Union List                      
State List      
Concurrent list      


Union List Defense Communications Banking
State List Police Agriculture Trade
Concurrent list Education Forests Marriages

Q 10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

State government                   State List             
Central government Union List
Central and State governments Concurrent List
Local governments Residuary powers


Local governments          

Residuary powers            

Q 11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I  List-II
Union of India Prime Minister
State Sarpanch
Municipal Corporation Governor
Gram Panchayat Mayor


List-I List-II
Union of India Prime Minister
State Governor
Municipal Corporation Mayor
Gram Panchayat Sarpanch

Q 12. Consider the following two statements.

  1. In a federation, the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated. 
  2. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution, and they have exclusive jurisdiction over their respective subjects. 
  3. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces. 
  4. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above is correct?

  1. A, B, and C 
  2. A, C, and D 
  3. A and B only 
  4. B and C only


3. A and B only

Federalism Summary

Chapter 2 of the NCERT Social Science Civics textbook- Democratic Politics-II introduces the students to the concept of federalism, the power-sharing system between two or more levels of the government. Power is divided into three levels of union, state, and local government. The local government in India is known as Panchayat Raj.

The book “Democratic Politics-II” is one of the important books for Class 10 Social Science and apart from this chapter, full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science is present.

Important Topics Discussed in the Chapter

CBSE Notes Class 10 Political Science Notes Chapter 2: Federalism

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 

Q 1. Why is Chapter 2 of Political Science in Class 10 NCERT Solutions Important for the CBSE Exam?


The purpose of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 is to help students comprehend the proper writing style for the various questions that will be asked during the exam. Students will be able to study for the CBSE exam and do well by using these solutions. The solution contains the explanations in a detailed format and also elaborately, for helping the students to obtain better score.

Students can refer to the solutions from Geeksforgeeks anywhere and at any given time, without any difficulties.

Q 2. What are the important topics covered in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science?


The important concepts which are covered in NCERT Solutions Class 10 Political Science are as follows:

  • What is federalism?
  • What makes India a federal country?
  • How is federalism practiced?
  • Decentralization in India

For more clearer and better understanding, students can refer to the NCERT Solutions provided by Geeksforgeeks and help students to better answer the questions.

Q 3. What are the benefits of utilizing these Political Science Chapter 2 Solutions for Class 10?


The following are the benefits of utilizing NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2:

  • To aid students in their test preparation, the solutions are given in simple language.
  • The material is organised so that students may effectively relate to the topics.
  • The NCERT Solutions show to save students time during review.
  • Accurate solutions based on the most recent CBSE syllabus and regulations are provided.

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