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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper 2014 with Solutions

Last Updated : 31 Jan, 2024
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The CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper for 2014 provides valuable practice material for students preparing for their board exams. This document includes a set of questions covering various topics in social science, allowing students to assess their knowledge and test-taking skills. The solutions provided offer guidance and explanations to help students understand the correct answers and improve their performance. This resource serves as a useful tool for self-assessment and exam preparation.

CBSE Class 10 Geography Previous Year Question Paper 2014 With Solutions

Time Allowed: 3 hours                                                              Maximum Marks: 90 Marks

Question 1: What type of conservative regimes were set up in 1815 in Europe? Choose the appropriate answer from the following:

(A) Autocractic

(B) Democratic

(C) Aristocratic

(D) Dictatorial

(A) Autocractic


Who, among the following, was the head of the Revolutionary Society formed by Phan Boi Chau?

(A) Prince Cuong De

(B) Phan Boi Chau

(C) Phan Chu Trinh

(D) Liang Qichao

(B) Phan Boi Chau.

2. In which one of the following Indian National Congress Sessions was the demand of ‘Purna Swaraj’ formalised in December 1929?

(A) Madras Session

(B) Lahore Session

(C) Calcutta Session

(D) Nagpur Session

(B) Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress in December 1929

3. National Waterway No. 1 is navigable between which of the following places?

(A) Sadiya and Dhubri

(B) Allahabad and Haldia

(C) Udyogamandal and Champakkara

(D) Kottapuram and Komman

(B) Allahabad and Haldia.

4.Which one of the following political parties came to power in Bolivia in 2006?

(A) The Communist Party

(B) The Republican Party App

(C) The Socialist Party

(D) The Conservative Party

(C) The Socialist Party

5.Which one of the following is the most popular form of government in the contemporary world?

(A) Dictatorship

(B) Monarchy

(C) Military Rule

(D) Democracy

(D) Democracy.

6.Which one of the following is a ‘National Political Party’?

(A) Samajwadi Party

(B) Rashtriya Janata Dal

(C) Rashtriya Lok Dal

(D) Bahujan Samaj Party

(D) Bahujan Samaj Party

7. Which one of the following days is being observed as ‘National Consumers’ Day’ in India?

(A) 24 December

(B) 25 December

(C) 10 December

(D) 31 December

(C) 10 December

8. Which one of the following laws was enacted by the Government of India in October 2005 ?

(A) The Right to Property Act

(B) The Right to Education Act

(C) The Consumer Protection Act

(D) The Right to Information Act

(D) The Right to Information Act.

9. Which one of the following refers to investment?

(A) The money spent on religious ceremonies

(B) The money spent on social customs

(C) The money spent to buy assets such as land

(D) The money spent on household goods.

(C) The money spent to buy assets such as land.

10. Explain the conditions that were viewed as obstacles to the economic exchange and growth by the new commercial classes during the nineteenth century in Europe.(3)

During the nineteenth century in Europe, the new commercial classes faced several obstacles to economic exchange and growth. These obstacles included restrictive trade regulations imposed by governments, which hindered free trade and market access. Outdated guild systems limited entry into various trades and professions, restricting competition and innovation. Additionally, limited access to capital and credit made it challenging for these classes to invest and expand their businesses. These conditions were viewed as impediments to economic growth and development for the emerging commercial classes.


How did students in Vietnam fight against the colonial government’s efforts to prevent Vietnamese from qualifying for ‘white collar jobs’? Explain (3)

In Vietnam, students fought against the colonial government’s efforts to exclude Vietnamese from ‘white collar jobs’ through protests and movements. They organized strikes, demonstrations, and boycotts of colonial educational institutions. Students demanded equal access to education and employment opportunities, advocating for the right to pursue careers traditionally reserved for the colonial elite. Their resistance contributed to raising awareness about discriminatory policies and ultimately played a role in challenging the colonial system’s inequalities.

11. Why did Gandhiji decide to launch a nationwide Satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act, 1919? Explain. (3)

Gandhiji launched a nationwide Satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act in 1919 due to its repressive provisions. The act allowed for the arrest and detention of Indians without trial, curbing civil liberties. It was seen as an oppressive measure that violated the principles of justice and freedom. Gandhiji believed in nonviolent resistance to such unjust laws, leading to mass protests and civil disobedience against the Rowlatt Act, which marked a significant step in the Indian freedom struggle.

12. Describe the main features of the ‘Salt March’. (3)

The ‘Salt March’ was a significant event during India’s struggle for independence in 1930. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi. The main features of the Salt March were:

  1. Nonviolent Protest: It was a nonviolent protest against the British monopoly on salt production and the salt tax.
  2. Long Journey: Gandhiji and his followers walked approximately 240 miles from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi on the Arabian Sea, symbolizing self-reliance and defiance of British laws.
  3. Civil Disobedience: The march encouraged civil disobedience, inspiring millions of Indians to break the salt laws and participate in the independence movement.

13. What are the two main ways of generating electricity? How are they different from each other? Explain. (3)

The two main ways of generating electricity are thermal power generation and hydroelectric power generation.

  1. Thermal Power Generation: This method involves burning fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) to heat water and produce steam, which drives a turbine connected to a generator. It is widely used but contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. Hydroelectric Power Generation: Hydroelectric power is generated by harnessing the energy of flowing water (rivers or dams) to turn turbines connected to generators. It is a clean and renewable energy source but requires suitable geographic locations and may impact ecosystems.

The key difference is the source of energy: thermal uses heat from fuel combustion, while hydroelectric uses kinetic energy from water flow.

14. Name the non-metallic mineral which can split easily into thin sheets. Mention its uses. (3)

The non-metallic mineral that can split easily into thin sheets is mica. It is widely used in various industries due to its unique properties. Some of its uses include:

  1. Electrical and Electronics Industry: Mica sheets are used as electrical insulators in capacitors, transformers, and other electrical equipment.
  2. Cosmetics Industry: Mica is used in cosmetics like makeup and skincare products to add shimmer and shine.
  3. Construction Industry: Mica is used as a reinforcing agent in gypsum wallboards and joint compounds.
  4. Automotive Industry: Mica is used as a soundproofing material in the automotive sector.
  5. Paints and Coatings: Mica is used in paints, coatings, and pigments to enhance their durability and appearance.

15. Why are efficient means of transport pre-requisites for the fast development of the country? Explain. (3)

Efficient means of transport are prerequisites for the fast development of a country for several reasons:

  1. Economic Growth: They facilitate the movement of goods and people, boosting trade and commerce, which drives economic growth.
  2. Accessibility: Efficient transport networks connect remote areas to urban centers, improving accessibility to resources, markets, and services.
  3. Industrialization: Transport enables the distribution of raw materials and products, supporting industrialization.
  4. Employment: Transport industries provide jobs and livelihoods for a significant portion of the population.
  5. Regional Development: It promotes balanced regional development by reducing disparities between urban and rural areas.

16. Name the six ‘National Political Parties’ in India in a chronological order. (3)

The six ‘National Political Parties’ in India in chronological order are:

  1. Indian National Congress (INC)
  2. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
  3. Communist Party of India (CPI)
  4. Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M)
  5. Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
  6. Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

17. What inspiration do we get from Bolivia’s popular struggle ? Explain any three values that we can learn from it (3)

Bolivia’s popular struggle, particularly under the leadership of figures like Evo Morales, inspires several values:

  1. Social Justice: Bolivia’s movement aimed to address economic inequalities and improve the living conditions of marginalized communities, emphasizing social justice.
  2. Indigenous Rights: It highlighted the importance of recognizing and protecting the rights of indigenous peoples, promoting cultural diversity and inclusion.
  3. Grassroots Democracy: The movement underscored the power of grassroots mobilization and the ability of ordinary citizens to bring about political change through democratic means.

18. How is democractic government known as responsive government ? Explain with examples. (3)

A democratic government is known as a responsive government because it is designed to be accountable and adaptable to the needs and preferences of its citizens. Examples of its responsiveness include:

  1. Policy Changes: Democratic governments can modify policies in response to changing circumstances or public demand. For instance, adjusting tax rates or social programs to address economic challenges.
  2. Public Participation: Citizens can express their opinions through elections, protests, or petitions, influencing government decisions.
  3. Accountability: Elected officials can be held accountable for their actions, ensuring they prioritize citizens’ interests.

Responsive governance enhances public trust and ensures that government actions align with the evolving needs of society.

19. How have markets been transformed in recent years? Explain with examples.(3)

In recent years, markets have undergone significant transformations due to technological advancements and globalization. E-commerce has surged, with online retail giants like Amazon revolutionizing shopping habits. The sharing economy, exemplified by companies like Uber and Airbnb, has disrupted traditional industries. Additionally, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin have introduced new forms of digital assets and investment. These changes have made markets more accessible, efficient, and interconnected, leading to both opportunities and challenges for businesses and consumers alike.

20. Explain any three factors which gave birth to the ‘Consumer Movement’ in India. (3)

The ‘Consumer Movement’ in India emerged due to several factors:

  1. Consumer Exploitation: Widespread consumer exploitation by sellers, manufacturers, and service providers led to dissatisfaction among consumers.
  2. Lack of Awareness: Consumers were often unaware of their rights and responsibilities, making them vulnerable to unfair practices.
  3. Need for Consumer Protection: There was a growing need for an organized movement to protect consumer rights, demand quality products and services, and hold businesses accountable for malpractices.

21. Explain with an example, how credit plays a vital and positive role for development. (3)

Credit plays a vital and positive role in development by providing individuals and businesses with the financial resources needed to invest, grow, and improve their economic conditions. For example, when a small farmer in a rural area obtains credit, they can purchase better seeds, fertilizers, and equipment, leading to increased agricultural productivity and income. This, in turn, contributes to the overall economic development of the region by boosting agricultural output and reducing poverty. Access to credit empowers individuals to take advantage of opportunities for self-improvement and economic advancement.

22. How had revolutionaries spread their ideas in many European States after 1815? Explain with examples. (5)

After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, European revolutionaries used various methods to spread their ideas. They relied on pamphlets, newspapers, and secret societies to communicate their revolutionary ideals. For example, Giuseppe Mazzini founded the “Young Italy” movement, advocating for Italian unification and independence. Similarly, the Carbonari in Italy and the Decembrists in Russia were secret societies that aimed to overthrow oppressive regimes. These revolutionary movements contributed to the broader wave of nationalism and struggles for independence that swept across Europe in the 19th century.


Explain, with examples, how religious groups played an important role in the development of anti-colonial feelings in Vietnam.

Religious groups played a significant role in fostering anti-colonial sentiments in Vietnam during the colonial period. They often served as centers of resistance and mobilization. For instance, Buddhist monks like Thich Quang Duc protested against the South Vietnamese government, which had support from the United States. Additionally, the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao religious sects advocated for Vietnamese independence from French colonial rule. These religious movements not only provided spiritual guidance but also became hubs for organizing and promoting nationalist sentiments, contributing to the broader anti-colonial struggle in Vietnam.

23. How did different social groups conceive the idea of ‘Non-Cooperation’? Explain with examples. (5)

During the Indian freedom struggle, various social groups embraced the idea of ‘Non-Cooperation’ against British colonial rule in their own ways:

  1. Middle Class: They boycotted British institutions, educational institutions, and government jobs. For example, students left government schools, and lawyers refused to practice in British courts.
  2. Peasants: They refused to pay taxes and rent to British landlords. The Bardoli Satyagraha led by Sardar Patel in 1928 is an example.
  3. Workers: They went on strikes and participated in protests. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre led to widespread worker protests.

Each group contributed to the non-cooperation movement with their unique methods of resistance.

24.Why is there a pressing need for using renewable energy sources in India? Explain any five reasons.

There is a pressing need for using renewable energy sources in India due to several reasons:

  1. Environmental Concerns: To reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.
  2. Energy Security: To reduce reliance on fossil fuel imports, ensuring a stable energy supply.
  3. Rural Electrification: To provide reliable and clean energy access to remote areas.
  4. Economic Growth: To promote green industries and create jobs in the renewable energy sector.
  5. Sustainable Development: To ensure a sustainable energy future, conserving depletable fossil fuel resources.

25.”Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its prosperity.” Support the statement with suitable examples. (5)

The statement “Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its prosperity” suggests that a nation’s economic well-being is closely tied to its participation in global trade. This is supported by various examples:

  1. China’s Economic Growth: China’s rapid economic development and rise as a global economic powerhouse have been closely linked to its robust international trade, becoming the world’s largest exporter.
  2. European Union: The European Union’s single market and customs union have facilitated trade among member states, contributing to the overall prosperity of its member countries.
  3. India’s Export Growth: India’s increasing exports of software services, textiles, and pharmaceuticals have boosted its economic growth and foreign exchange reserves.
  4. Gulf Nations: Oil-exporting countries like the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have experienced significant prosperity due to international oil trade.

In summary, a nation’s engagement in international trade can be a strong indicator of its economic prosperity, as it opens up opportunities for growth, job creation, and access to global markets.

26.”About hundred years ago there were few countries that had hardly any political party. Now there are few countries that do not have political parties.” Examine this statement. (5)

The statement highlights a significant transformation in the political landscape over the past century. Around a hundred years ago, many nations had limited or no political parties, as political systems were often dominated by monarchies or autocratic regimes. However, in contemporary times, political parties have become a fundamental aspect of democratic governance in most countries. They play a crucial role in representing diverse interests, shaping policies, and ensuring citizen participation. While there may still be a few countries with limited party systems, the prevalence of political parties reflects the global shift towards democratic principles and multi-party systems, promoting political pluralism and competition.

27.Compare the popular struggles of Nepal and Bolivia. (5)

Both Nepal and Bolivia have experienced significant popular struggles in recent years.

In Nepal, the popular struggle was primarily aimed at ending the monarchy and establishing a democratic republic. It culminated in the abolition of the monarchy in 2008 and the adoption of a new constitution, marking a shift towards democracy.

In Bolivia, the popular struggle centered on indigenous rights and social justice. The election of Evo Morales, Bolivia’s first indigenous president, represented a significant victory for indigenous communities and the broader movement for social and economic equality.

While both struggles had unique goals and contexts, they demonstrate the power of grassroots movements in bringing about political and social change in their respective countries.

Aspect Nepal Bolivia
Main Objective Abolition of monarchy, establishment of democracy Indigenous rights, social and economic justice
Leadership Led by political parties and civil society Led by indigenous leader Evo Morales
Outcome Abolition of monarchy, adoption of new constitution Election of Evo Morales as president
Ethnic Dimension Multi-ethnic, diverse population Strong focus on indigenous communities
Political Transformation Transition to a democratic republic Emphasis on indigenous representation

28.”Globalisation has been advantageous to consumers as well as to producers.” Support the statement with suitable examples. (5)

Globalization has indeed brought advantages to both consumers and producers. For consumers, it has led to a wider variety of products at competitive prices. For example, electronic gadgets from different parts of the world are now accessible to consumers globally, enhancing choice and affordability. On the producer side, globalization allows access to larger markets, enabling economies of scale. Companies like Apple and Samsung, with global production networks, have benefited from this. However, it’s important to note that globalization also raises concerns about labor conditions, environmental impact, and income inequality, which need to be addressed for a more equitable outcome.

29. Why are rules and regulations required in the marketplace? Explain. (5)

Rules and regulations are essential in the marketplace for several reasons:

  1. Consumer Protection: Regulations ensure that products and services meet safety and quality standards, protecting consumers from harm and fraud. For example, food safety standards prevent the sale of contaminated food.
  2. Fair Competition: Regulations prevent monopolies and unfair business practices, promoting healthy competition. Anti-trust laws, for instance, prevent companies from gaining excessive market power.
  3. Environmental Protection: Regulations address environmental concerns, such as pollution control and resource conservation, ensuring sustainable business practices.
  4. Contract Enforcement: Legal rules enforce contracts, providing businesses with security and assurance that agreements will be honored.
  5. Investor Confidence: Regulations in financial markets ensure transparency and investor protection, fostering trust in the economy.

Overall, rules and regulations create a level playing field, protect stakeholders, and contribute to the efficient and ethical functioning of the marketplace.

(30.1) Two features A and B are marked in the political outline map of India (on page 15).

Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map: A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927. B. The place which is associated with the movement of Indigo Planters. (30.2) On the same political outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols:

(i) Narora a nuclear power plant

(ii) Rourkela an iron and steel plant

(iii) Kandla a major sea port.

(30.1) Name the place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in September 1920.

(30.2) Name the place where the movement of Indigo Planters was started.

(30.3) In which State is Narora nuclear power plant located?

(30.4) In which State is Rourkela iron and steel plant located? (30.5) Name the State where Kandla sea port is located.

30.1) A: The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927 is Madras (Chennai).

B: The place associated with the movement of Indigo Planters is Champaran.

(30.2) i) Narora Nuclear Power Plant is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. ii) Rourkela Iron and Steel Plant is located in the state of Odisha. iii) Kandla Sea Port is located in the state of Gujarat. (30.1) The Indian National Congress Session held in September 1920 took place in Calcutta (Kolkata). (30.2) The movement of Indigo Planters was started in Champaran, Bihar.

(30.3) Narora Nuclear Power Plant is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

(30.4) Rourkela Iron and Steel Plant is located in the state of Odisha. (30.5) Kandla Sea Port is located in the state of Gujarat.

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