Open In App

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper 2012 with Solutions

Last Updated : 31 Jan, 2024
Like Article

The CBSE Class 10 Social Science Previous Year Question Paper 2012 with Solutions provides a comprehensive resource for students to prepare for their exams. It includes a range of questions covering key topics in Social Science, reflecting the structure and style of the CBSE exam. The solutions accompanying the paper offer clear and detailed explanations, aiding students in understanding concepts and improving their answering techniques. This resource is valuable for self-assessment and revision, helping students to gauge their preparedness and identify areas for improvement.

CBSE Class 10 Geography Previous Year Question Paper 2013 With Solutions

Time Allowed: 3 hours                                                              Maximum Marks: 90 Marks

1. Who, among the following, hosted the Congress at

[1] (A) King of Netherlands

(B) Giuseppe Mazzini

(C) Duke Metternich

(D) Otto Von Bismarck

The correct answer for who hosted the Congress at Vienna in 1815 is:

  • (C) Duke Metternich.


Why was the Tonkin Free School started in 1907 in Vietnam?

(A) To provide modern education

(B) To provide Western-style education

(C) To provide education to Vietnamese only

(D) To provide education to French children

(A) To provide modern education.

2. Which one of the following is true about the ‘Treaty of Constantinople’ of 1832?

(A) It recognised Turkey as an independent nation.

(B) It recognised Greece as an independent nation.

(C) It recognised Germany as an independent nation.

(D) It recognised France as an independent nation.

(B) It recognized Greece as an independent nation.


Who among the following, was the founder of ‘Hoa Hão Movement’ in Vietnam?

(A) Phan Chu Trinh

(B) Liang Qichao.

(C) Phan Boi Chau

(D) Huynh Phu So

(D) Huynh Phu So

3. Which one of the following agreements gave reserved seats to the ‘Depressed Classes’ in Provincial and Central Legislative Councils?

[1] (A) Lucknow Pact

(B) Gandhi – Irwin Pact

(C) Poona Pact

(D) None of these

(C) Poona Pact

4. Which one October 1929? of the following Viceroys announced a vague offer of ‘dominion status’ for India in

(A) Lord Mountbatten

(B) Lord Dalhousie

(C) Lord Irwin

(D) None of these

(C) Lord Irwin

5. Which one of the following is a non-metallic mineral?

[1] (A) Lead

(B) Copper

(C) Tin

(D) Limestone

(D) Limestone

6. Which one of the following cities has emerged as the ‘electronic capital’ of India?

[1] (A) Delhi

(B) Kolkata

(C) Bangalore

(D) Hyderabad

(C) Bangalore

7. On what basis is the industrial sector classified into public and and private sectors?

[1] (A) Employment conditions

(B) The nature of economic activity

(C) Ownership of enterprises

(D) Number of workers employed in the enterprise

(C) Ownership of enterprises

8. Which one of the following states has the highest road density?

[1] (A) Goa

(B) Kerala

(C) Karnataka

(D) Gujarat

(B) Kerala

9. In which one of the following states does ‘Shiv Sena’ exist as a regional political party?

[1] (A) Gujarat

(B) Karnataka

(C) Maharashtra

(D) Madhya Pradesh

(C) Maharashtra

10. Which one of the following facilities is offered by the Election Commission to a recognized political party?

[1] (A) Party Name

(B) Manifesto

(C) Election Symbol

(D) Election Funds

(C) Election Symbol

11. In which one of the following countries is democracy not preferred over dictatorship?

(A) Bangladesh

(B) Pakistan

(C) Sri Lanka

(D) India

(B) Pakistan

12. Which one of the following countries has a federal system of government?

[1] (A) Congo

(B) Sudan

(C) South Africa

(D) Tanzania

(C) South Africa

13. Banks provide a higher rate of interest on which one of the following accounts?

[1] (A) Saving account

(B) Current account

(C) Fixed deposits for long period

(D) Fixed deposits

(C) Fixed deposits for long period

14. Which one of the following is the main source of credit for rich urban households in India?

[1](A) Formal sector

(B) Informal sector

(C) Moneylenders

(D) Traders

(A) Formal sector

15. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of ‘Special Economic Zone’?

[1] (A) They do not have to pay taxes for a long period.

(B) Government has allowed flexibility in labour laws.

(C) They have world class facilities.

(D) They do not have to pay taxes for an initial period of five years.

(D) They do not have to pay taxes for an initial period of five years.

16. Hallmark’ is used as a logo for which one of the following?

(A) Agricultural products

(B) Jewellery

(C) Electrical goods

(D) Electronic goods

(B) Jewellery

17. Describe the process of ‘Unification of Italy’.

The unification of Italy was a complex process that involved several key figures such as Mazzini, Garibaldi, and Cavour, as well as events like the revolutions of 1848, the Expedition of the Thousand, and the role of the Kingdom of Sardinia.


Describe any three steps taken by the French to develop agriculture in Vietnam.

The French took several steps to develop agriculture in Vietnam, particularly in terms of commercial crops to serve their economic interests:

  1. They introduced plantation agriculture by consolidating small farms into large plantations where crops like rubber, tea, and coffee were grown for the international market.
  2. To support the plantation system, they developed infrastructure such as irrigation works to increase productivity and facilitate the easy transport of goods. This included building canals and draining lands in the Mekong delta to increase cultivable land for rice cultivation.
  3. They also introduced agricultural schools to teach Vietnamese the methods of farming that would help increase yields, although these schools largely served to reinforce the plantation economy and train a small elite in French agricultural methods.

18. Explain the circumstances under which Gandhiji decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931. [3]

Gandhi decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931 due to a combination of factors:

  1. There was a growing atmosphere of political violence in India, which Gandhi strongly opposed as it conflicted with his principles of non-violence.
  2. The British government agreed to hold a Round Table Conference in London to discuss constitutional reforms, and Gandhi wanted to show goodwill by suspending the movement to participate in the discussions.
  3. There was also the Gandhian hope that negotiations could lead to substantive concessions from the British, especially after the government expressed its willingness to release political prisoners and conceded to some of the movement’s demands.

19. Why is iron and steel industry called the basic industry? Explain any three reasons. [3]

The iron and steel industry is called the basic industry due to the following reasons:

  • It serves as the backbone of industrial development since many other industries such as automotive, construction, and transportation rely on steel products.
  • It provides employment, both directly and indirectly, which is critical for economic growth.
  • The industry also drives technological innovation, given steel’s importance in manufacturing and construction.

20. Explain the improvements made by the Indian Railways in its functioning. [3]

  • Introduction of high-speed trains and upgrading of the signaling systems for efficiency.
  • Digitization efforts such as online ticket booking and real-time tracking have improved customer service.
  • Implementing better safety measures and modernizing stations with improved amenities for passengers.

21. Mention any four merits and any two demerits of air transport. 2+1=3

  • Speed, being the fastest mode of transport.
  • Convenience, with the ability to cover long distances and remote areas.
  • High standards of safety compared to other modes of transport.
  • It supports international trade and tourism.

Demerits include:

  • High cost, making it less accessible for large-volume transport.
  • Weather dependency, which can cause delays and cancellations.

22. Describe the ‘second popular movement for democracy’ of Nepal. [3]

The ‘second popular movement for democracy’ in Nepal in 2006 was characterized by:

  • Mass protests and strikes against the direct royal rule.
  • A collaboration between political parties and civil society to restore democracy.
  • The movement led to the reinstatement of the parliament and eventually the abolition of the monarchy.

23. How do pressure groups and movements exert pressure on politics? Explain with an example. [3]

Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics by:

  • Lobbying legislators and influencing policy decisions.
  • Organizing protests and rallies to mobilize public opinion.
  • Using media campaigns to raise awareness and pressure politicians.

24. How do state or regional political parties contribute in strengthening federalism and democracy in India? Explain with examples. [3]

  • Representing local interests in the national political arena.
  • Decentralizing power and ensuring broader participation in the democratic process.
  • Playing a crucial role in coalition governments, thus contributing to the diversity of viewpoints.

25. How are some countries in the world facing foundational challenge of democracy? Explain with examples. [3]

  • Lack of free and fair elections, which undermines the legitimacy of the democratic process.
  • Suppression of civil liberties, preventing effective citizen participation.
  • Entrenched political corruption, eroding trust in democratic institutions.

26. How has foreign trade been integrating markets of different countries in the world? Explain with examples. [3]

  • Enabling exchange of goods and services: Countries export what they produce in abundance and import what they lack, ensuring wider availability and variety of products.
  • Promoting competition and efficiency: Producers compete internationally, leading to better quality and prices for consumers.
  • Facilitating technology transfer: Trade agreements often include sharing of technology, improving production techniques globally.

27. “Information and communication technology has played a major role in spreading out products and services across countries.” Support the statement. [3]

  • E-commerce: Online platforms allow buying and selling globally.
  • Digital Marketing: Social media and online ads reach worldwide audiences.
  • Communication: Faster and cheaper communication aids international business relations.

28. How do ‘Consumer Protection Councils’ help consumers? Explain three ways.

  • Educating consumers about their rights and responsibilities.
  • Assisting in grievance redressal.
  • Advocating for consumer-friendly laws and policies.

29. Explain the circumstances under which markets do not work in a fair manner. [3]

  • Monopolies reducing competition.
  • Misleading information leading to uninformed consumer choices.
  • Price fixing and cartelization.

30. Describe any four measures which were introduced by the French Revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people.

The French Revolutionaries introduced several measures to foster a sense of collective identity among the French people:

  1. Adoption of a New Flag: The tricolor flag of France, featuring blue, white, and red bands, was adopted to replace the royal standard and symbolize the new era of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  2. National Anthem: ‘La Marseillaise’ was adopted as the national anthem, promoting a sense of national unity and pride.
  3. Uniform Legal System: The introduction of the Napoleonic Code provided a unified set of laws that applied to all citizens, replacing the feudal laws. This helped in promoting a sense of equality before the law.
  4. Metric System: The introduction of the metric system of weights and measures replaced the varied regional systems, facilitating uniformity and standardization across France.


Which were the two major problems before the French in the field of colonial education in Vietnam? How did they try to solve these problems? Explain.

The French faced two major problems in colonial education in Vietnam:

  1. Cultural Resistance: The Vietnamese were resistant to French culture and language. The French education system was seen as an attempt to erode Vietnamese culture and values.
  2. Language Barrier: The use of the French language in schools was alienating as most Vietnamese spoke and understood only their native language.

To address these, the French made efforts to adapt the educational system:

  • They introduced French as the medium of instruction but also included Vietnamese language and history in the curriculum to make it more relatable and reduce resistance.
  • They established French schools for the elite, aiming to create a class of intermediaries who would facilitate French rule in Vietnam.

31. Who was Alluri Sitaram Raju? Explain his role in inspiring the rebels with Gandhiji’s ideas. 1+3=4

Alluri Sitaram Raju was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement, known for his role in the Rampa Rebellion of 1922-1924 against the British Raj. He drew inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s principles, particularly those of non-violent civil disobedience. However, unlike Gandhi, Raju advocated and led an armed rebellion against the oppressive policies of the British, especially the 1882 Madras Forest Act which severely restricted the freedom of movement of tribal people in their own forests. His efforts were significant in igniting a sense of rebellion against colonial rule among the tribal communities in the Andhra region. Raju’s unique combination of Gandhian ideology and direct action made him a folk hero and an inspiring figure in the history of Indian resistance to British rule.

32. Why is conservation of mineral resources essential? Explain any three methods of conserving mineral resources. 1+3=4

Conservation of mineral resources is crucial due to their non-renewable nature and vital role in various industries. Here are three methods to conserve mineral resources:

  1. Recycling: Recycling metal products reduces the need for mining new ores. For example, recycling aluminum cans saves energy and raw materials, and reduces environmental impact.
  2. Using Alternatives: Adopting alternatives to mineral resources can reduce the reliance on specific minerals. For instance, using composite materials or plastics in place of metals in some applications can conserve metallic mineral resources.
  3. Technological Innovation: Advancements in technology can enhance the efficiency of mining and processing of minerals. Improved technology can also facilitate the extraction of minerals from low-grade ores, thereby making use of resources that were previously uneconomical to exploit.

These practices not only extend the lifespan of existing mineral deposits but also mitigate environmental impacts associated with mining and mineral processing.

33. Explain any four ways in which democracies have been able to reduce inequality and poverty [4]

Democracies can reduce inequality and poverty through various measures:

  1. Progressive Taxation: Implementing a tax system where the wealthy pay a higher percentage of their income than the poor, redistributing wealth more evenly across society.
  2. Social Welfare Programs: Offering programs like unemployment benefits, pension schemes, and healthcare services to support the underprivileged and vulnerable groups.
  3. Minimum Wage Laws: Setting a minimum wage can help ensure that workers earn a living wage, reducing poverty levels.
  4. Education and Healthcare Accessibility: Investing in public education and healthcare ensures equal opportunities for all citizens, enabling them to improve their economic status.

34. Which government body supervises the functioning of formal sources of loans in India? Explain its functioning. 1+3=4

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the primary regulatory body overseeing the functioning of formal sources of loans in India. The RBI’s key functions in this context include:

  1. Regulation of Banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs): It sets guidelines and regulations for banks and NBFCs, ensuring they operate within the frameworks of safety and liquidity.
  2. Monetary Policy Implementation: RBI controls the money supply and interest rates in the economy, indirectly influencing the lending rates of banks.
  3. Consumer Protection: It ensures consumer interests are protected, particularly in terms of fair practices in lending, transparency, and handling of customer grievances.
  4. Financial Stability: The RBI plays a critical role in maintaining financial stability in the economy, which includes monitoring the health of banks and lending institutions to prevent systemic risks.

These functions of the RBI contribute to a stable and efficient financial system, critical for economic growth and consumer protection in India.

35. Two features – A and B, are marked in the given political outline map of India (on page 17). Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:

[2] A. The place, where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927.

B. The place, where the Civil Disobedience Movement was started.

A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927 is Madras (now Chennai). This session was significant for its decision to fight for complete independence (Purna Swaraj).

B. The place where the Civil Disobedience Movement was started is Dandi, in Gujarat. This is famously associated with the Dandi March led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.


Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols on the same political outline map of India (on page 17): [2] 1. Champaran – The place where the movement of Indigo Planters took place. II. Kheda – The place where the Peasant Satyagraha was held.

  1. Champaran in Bihar is noted for the Champaran Satyagraha of 1917, which was Mahatma Gandhi’s first active involvement in Indian freedom struggle.
  2. Kheda in Gujarat is known for the Kheda Satyagraha of 1918, another significant movement led by Gandhi.

36. Three features A, B and C are marked in the given political outline map of India (on page 19). Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:

A. Mica mines

B. Software Technology Park

C. Terminal Station of N.Η. 7


Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols on the same political outline map of India (on page 19) with appropriate symbols: i. Bhilai – Iron and Steel Plant ii. Narora Nuclear Power Plant ‘S Kandla, Sea Port Note: The following questions are for the Blind Candidates only, in lieu of Q. No. 35 and 36:

35.1. Name the place, where the Indian National Congress session was held in September 1920.

35.2. At which place was the Civil Disobedience Movement started? 1+1=2

36.1 In which state is Bhilai Iron and Steel plant located? 1+1+1=3

36.2. Name any one Technology Park located in Karnataka state.

36.3. Name the southern-most major sea port of India.

A. Mica Mines: Major mica mines in India are located in Jharkhand and Bihar.

B. Software Technology Park: One of the notable software technology parks in India is in Bengaluru, Karnataka.

C. Terminal Station of NH 7: NH 7 (now part of NH 44), the longest National Highway in India, terminates in the south at Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu.

For the “OR” part:

i. Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant: This is located in Chhattisgarh.

ii. Narora Nuclear Power Plant: Located in Uttar Pradesh.

iii. Kandla Sea Port: Situated in Gujarat.

For the questions for the Blind Candidates:

35.1. The Indian National Congress session in September 1920 was held in Calcutta (now Kolkata).

35.2. The Civil Disobedience Movement was started from Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad, marked by the Salt March to Dandi in 1930.

36.1. Bhilai Iron and Steel Plant is located in Chhattisgarh.

36.2. A notable technology park in Karnataka is the International Tech Park in Bengaluru.

36.3. The southern-most major sea port of India is Tuticorin (Thoothukudi) in Tamil Nadu.

Like Article
Suggest improvement
Share your thoughts in the comments

Similar Reads