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How to become Web Developer [2024]

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How can I start learning web development? Is it easy? And how can I keep up with the latest web designing technologies? These are the questions that appear in every beginner’s mind. There is also confusion between web designing and web development, but we’ll talk about web development. 

It depends on how much you are interested in and are serious about it. if you desperately want to learn then you can easily be an expert on it. There’s nothing like it’s so hard or something like it’s so difficult to design websites like we use or look around our day-to-day lives. e.g: Facebook, Google, Amazon, Flipkart, Snapdeal, and many more. 

But if we think about it, Scaring is natural, comes to mind when we look at it as a bunch of graphical elements like different colors, different kinds of fonts, images, Card views, Tables, Animations, etc. and the most interesting one is the term called ‘Responsive’ websites, responsive websites are those websites which change it’s element’s alignments, spacing, etc according to the device it’s browsing. 

Start to learn Web Development

Nowadays, website design is accessible with libraries and frameworks, and freely available for use. Learning how to utilize them is crucial. Many online resources offer comprehensive learning materials, making it easier to become a proficient web developer. Embrace the web’s wealth of knowledge and start your journey today.

Learning by doing integrates theory and practice. Engage in hands-on activities to understand concepts deeply. Continuous exposure to evolving trends fosters curiosity, driving ongoing learning and active participation in your field. Let’s start learning the Web Development.

What is Web development?

Web development encompasses the creation, management, and maintenance of websites and web applications. Front-end development focuses on the client side, designing and implementing the visual and interactive elements users see and interact with. Back-end development involves server-side scripting and database management, handling the behind-the-scenes operations to ensure functionality and data management. Web developers use languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and server-side scripting languages like PHP, Python, or Ruby to develop websites and web applications that can be accessed over the internet.

There are some important key point to learn web development

  • Front-end development
    • HTML and CSS
    • JavaSacript
  • Frameworks & Libraries
  • Back-end Development
    • Python
    • Ruby
    • PHP
  • Frameworks & Libraries
  • Version Control
  • Database Management
  • Responsive design
  • APIs and integration
  • Testing and Debugging
  • Deployment and Hosting

Frontend development

Front-end development involves creating the user interface and user experience of websites and web applications. It focuses on implementing designs using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, ensuring responsiveness, accessibility, and interactivity for users.

HTML and CSS

HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the standard language for creating web pages, providing the structure and content of a webpage. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is used to style HTML elements, controlling their appearance and layout. Together, HTML and CSS form the foundation of web development, allowing developers to create visually appealing and well-structured websites and web applications with ease and efficiency.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

JavaSacript

JavaScript is essential in web development for creating interactive elements, handling user input, manipulating the DOM, and communicating asynchronously with servers. Mastering it is vital for modern web application development. Start with basic concepts like variables, functions, and DOM manipulation. Understand data types, control flow, and event handling. Practice by building simple projects and gradually tackle more complex topics like AJAX and frameworks.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Frontend Frameworks & Libraries

Frameworks and libraries are pre-written code collections that provide developers with reusable components, tools, and utilities to streamline and accelerate software development. Frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js offer comprehensive solutions for building web applications, while libraries like jQuery and Bootstrap provide specific functionalities to enhance web development tasks.

  • React: React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces, particularly single-page applications. It enables developers to create reusable UI components and efficiently update the UI when data changes, enhancing performance and user experience.
  • Angular: Angular is a TypeScript-based open-source web application framework maintained by Google. It’s used for building dynamic web applications and provides tools for dependency injection, routing, and state management.
  • Vue.js: Vue.js is an open-source JavaScript framework used for building user interfaces and single-page applications. It offers reactive data binding and a component-based architecture for efficient development.
  • jQuery: jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It simplifies HTML document traversing, event handling, animating, and Ajax interactions for rapid web development.
  • Bootstrap: Bootstrap is a popular open-source CSS framework that provides pre-designed templates and components for creating responsive and mobile-first web applications with ease.

Source to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Backend Development

Back-end development focuses on server-side programming, handling the logic, database interactions, and server management of web applications. It involves writing code that runs on the server to process requests from the client-side, perform database operations, and generate dynamic content. Back-end developers use languages like Python, Ruby, PHP, and frameworks like Node.js, Django, and Flask to build robust and scalable server-side applications.

Source to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Python

Python is a high-level, versatile programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming. Python is widely used in web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and automation. Its extensive standard library and large ecosystem of third-party packages make it a popular choice for various applications.

Source to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented programming language known for its simplicity and productivity. It emphasizes developer happiness and follows the principle of “convention over configuration.” Ruby on Rails, its popular web application framework, enables rapid development by providing pre-built solutions for common tasks.

Source to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language primarily used for web development. It’s embedded within HTML and executed on the server to generate dynamic web pages, interact with databases, and handle user input.

Source to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Backend Frameworks & Libraries

Back-end development frameworks and libraries provide pre-written code and tools to streamline the development process. Popular frameworks like Django (Python), Express (Node.js), and Laravel (PHP) offer structured environments, while libraries like Flask (Python) and Spring Boot (Java) provide additional functionalities for specific tasks such as routing, authentication, and database management.

  • Django: Django is a high-level Python web framework that promotes rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. It emphasizes reusability, modularity, and the “don’t repeat yourself” principle.
  • Express: Express is a flexible and minimalistic Node.js web application framework that simplifies building web applications and APIs by providing a robust set of features and tools.
  • Laravel: Laravel is a popular PHP framework known for its elegant syntax and expressive features, simplifying web development by offering tools for routing, authentication, caching, and more.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Version Control

Version control is a system that manages changes to source code over time. It tracks modifications, allows multiple developers to collaborate simultaneously, and facilitates the organization of project history. Using version control, developers can revert to previous versions, compare changes, and resolve conflicts. Popular version control systems like Git provide features for branching, merging, and distributed collaboration, enhancing code management and project workflow.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Database Management

Database Management involves understanding databases (SQL or NoSQL) and their management systems. It includes creating, querying, updating, and deleting data. Proficiency in database management is essential for storing and retrieving information efficiently in web applications, ensuring data integrity and security.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Responsive design

Responsive design is an approach to web development that ensures websites adapt and display appropriately across various devices and screen sizes. It involves using flexible layouts, fluid grids, and media queries to optimize user experience, readability, and navigation, regardless of the device being used to access the website.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

APIs and integration

APIs and integration involve leveraging external services or data sources by consuming APIs in web development. Whether using RESTful APIs or GraphQL, developers fetch and display data dynamically, enabling interactive and feature-rich web applications that can interact with various services and platforms on the internet.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Testing and Debugging:

Testing and debugging are essential processes in web development to ensure code reliability and functionality. Developers employ various methodologies and tools to identify and fix errors, ensuring that web applications perform as intended across different environments and user interactions.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Deployment and Hosting:

Deployment and hosting involve the process of making web applications accessible online. Developers use platforms like Heroku, Netlify, or AWS to deploy their applications to servers, making them available to users worldwide. This ensures that the applications are live and functioning properly for users to access and interact with.

Sources to learn:

  • GeeksforGeeks
  • freeCodeCamp
  • Codecademy
  • MDN Web Docs

Continuous learning in web development entails staying updated with the latest trends, tools, and best practices. It involves actively seeking new knowledge through blogs, webinars, and online communities, ensuring developers remain engaged and informed about advancements in the field to enhance their skills and stay competitive.

Remember, the key is consistent practice and building projects. Start with simple projects and gradually move on to more complex ones as you gain confidence and experience.

So, friends! stop thinking and start doing…. If you are a beginner, you might like to refer following.

Introduction to HTML CSS | Learn to Design your First Website in Just 1 Week



Last Updated : 21 Feb, 2024
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