How to Become a Full Stack Web Developer in 2019 : A Complete Guide

Do you know what’s a T shaped person? (And no, it’s not a person standing with their arms in the Air!!!)

A T shaped person is someone who has deep knowledge in one area and a broad base of general knowledge in other supporting areas. And guess what…A Full Stack Web Developer fits this description to a T(No Pun Intended!). This is also the 3rd highest in-demand tech job according to techrepublic.com with an average salary of $64,651. However, there is still a lot of confusion about the role of a Full Stack Web Developer.

Full-Stack-Web-Developer

So the question arises “What is the role of a Full Stack Web Developer?”
Well, a Full Stack Web Developer is the guy (or gal) who works on both the front-end and back-end portions of an application while also knowing various other areas like Databases, Version Control System, Designing, etc. There are various skill sets that are needed to fulfill all these never-ending requirements. So let’s focus on that now!

Skills required to become a Full Stack Web Developer

Every Full Stack Ninja must have their tools! And so there are multiple skills that are required for a Full Stack Web Developer ranging across different fields. Most of them are mentioned below:

1. Front End Development

Always wanted to be an Artist? Well, never fear!

The artist in a Full Stack Web Developer is fully unleashed for Front End Development as it deals with the application parts that the users can see and interact with. The main technologies required for Front End development are HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. And that’s not all! Extra knowledge of third-party libraries like jQuery, Angular and ReactJs, etc. is also extremely helpful.

2. Back End Development

While front-end is the part of the application the user sees, the back end is often the mystical part that remains unseen. It handles the database operations, user authentication and application logic (Yeah, all the complicated things!). There are multiple languages that are used in Back End Development such as Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, NodeJs, etc. While every developer claims that their favorite language is the best, all of these languages have a market demand for suitable projects.

3. Databases

What can an application manage without data? Well, nothing at all!

And that’s why a database is the most important part of any application as it is required to store and access the data. So a Full Stack Web Developer needs to know the divide between Relational and NoSQL databases to understand the situations in which each would be useful. They should also be familiar with databases of each type such as MySQL, MongoDB, etc. In addition to all this, knowledge of caching options such as Redis, Memcached, and Varnish would only be a plus!

4. Version Control System

There are multiple versions of an application. Now, what if a particular version needs to be recalled? That’s where the Version Control System comes in. It’s basically a system that records the changes made to the application files over time so that specific versions can be recalled later if required.

Git, in particular, is a Version Control System System that can be used to obtain the latest code, update parts of the code, and change other people’s code as well without creating a major mess of things!!!

What are the Different Software Stacks?

Now that we have seen the various skills that are required for a Full Stack Web Developer, let’s focus on the different software stacks available. For the uninitiated, a stack is a collection of various programs that are used together to obtain the required result. It includes an operating system and its application.

The choice of a stack for a Full Stack Web Developer depends entirely on the individual career goals, current project, company requirement, etc. However, some of the most famous stacks are given below for reference.

1. LAMP stack

The LAMP stack is a very famous(and illuminating!) stack that is the foundation of Linux hosted websites. It has four major components that are given as follows:

Linux: An open source operating system that is the foundation for the stack model.
Apache: A web server software that translates from web browsers to the required website.
MySQL: An open source database that can be queried by the scripting language to construct a website.
PHP: A Server-side open source scripting language

2. MEAN stack

The MEAN stack is a stack that is founded on JavaScript-based technologies. Although it has quite a rude name, it’s actually quite in-demand because of its fast, robust and maintainable production web applications. It has four major components that are given as follows:

MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.
Express: A web program framework that is easy to use, light and portable.
Angular.js: A robust framework that is used for developing HTML5 and JavaScript- web programs
Node.js: a server-side JavaScript execution environment.

3. MERN stack

The MERN stack is also founded on JavaScript-based technologies like MEAN stack(although it’s not so mean!). It has four major components that are given as follows:

MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.
Express: A web program framework that is easy to use, light and portable.
React: A javascript library that is used for building user interfaces.
Node.js: a server-side JavaScript execution environment.



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