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Python Selenium – Find element by text
  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 03 Mar, 2021

The technique to verify if the requirements given by the user meet with the actual software product developed is known as Software Testing. Moreover, it also checks if the final software product developed is error-free or not. Software testing can either be performed manually or with the help of software testing tools. The testing which is done automatically through the inbuilt tools is known as Automation Testing. An incredible library in Python, Selenium helps you in automated testing of the software. While doing automation testing, are you not able to find an element by text in the required web page? Then, you are at an appropriate place. In this article, we will be discussing the appropriate steps along with an example to do the same.

Syntax: driver.find_element_by_xpath(“//tag [contains( text(), ‘word’)]”)

Parameters:

  • tag: Here, tag stands for the tag name which contains the particular word.
  • word: Here, word stands for the text which has to be found in a particular string. We don’t need to write a complete sentence which we want to find, but we can write a few words which are unique in the web page.

Example: For instance, consider this simple page source:

HTML






<!DOCTYPE html>
<html
<body
<button type= “button” >Geeks For Geeks</button
</body
<html>

Once you have created a driver, you can grasp an element using:

button = driver.find_element_by_xpath (“//button[contains( text( ), ‘Geeks for Geeks’)]”)

Let’s understand this with implementation:

Step 1: First, import the libraries, selenium, and time.

Python




from selenium import webdriver
from time import sleep

Step 3: Next, establish a connection with the web driver through the executable path.

Python3




driver = webdriver.Chrome(
    executable_path="#path where you have installed webdriver")

Step 4: Now, obtain the website in which you want to find the element.

Python3






driver.get("#Enter the website URL")

Step 5: Then, make python sleep for few seconds so, by that time, the webpage gets loaded.

Python3




sleep(#duration)

Step 6: Finally, find the desired element through text on the given web page.

Python3




driver.find_element_by_xpath(“//#tag name which contains word [contains( text(),
                             #word to be found in a particular string’)]”)

Below is the full implementation:

Python




# Python Program to find element by text
  
#import webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
  
#import time
from time import sleep
  
# create webdriver object
driver = webdriver.Chrome(
    executable_path="C:\selenium\chromedriver_win32\chromedriver.exe")
  
# get the website
  
# sleep for some time
sleep(3)
  
# get element through text
driver.find_element_by_xpath("// a[contains(text(),\
'5 CHEAP HOLIDAY')]").click()
  
# sleep for some time
sleep(4)

Output:

Further, the text to be found is searched and displays the output as given below.

More locators for locating single elements:

Locators

Description

find_element_by_id The first element with the id attribute value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_name The first element with the name attribute value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_xpath The first element with the xpath syntax matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_link_text The first element with the link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_partial_link_text The first element with the partial link text value matching the location will be returned.
find_element_by_tag_nameThe first element with the given tag name will be returned.
find_element_by_class_name The first element with the matching class attribute name will be returned.
find_element_by_css_selector The first element with the matching CSS selector will be returned.

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