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Python – Print Heart Pattern

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Given an even integer input, the task is to write a Python program to print a heart using loops and mathematical formulations.

Example :

For n = 8

  *   *   *   *   
*       *       * 
*               * 
*     G F G     * 
  *           *   
    *       *     
      *   *       
        *

For n = 14

      * *           * *       
    *     *       *     *     
  *         *   *         *   
*             *             * 
*                           * 
*           G F G           * 
  *                       *   
    *                   *     
      *               *       
        *           *         
          *       *           
            *   *             
              *       

Approach :

The following steps are used :

  • Form the worksheet of n X n+1 using two loops.
  • Apply the if-else conditions for printing stars.
  • Apply the if-else conditions for printing text “GFG”.
  • Apply else condition for rest spaces.

Note: The value of n must be greater than 8

Below is the implementation of the above approach :

Python3

# define size n = even only
n = 8
 
# so this heart can be made n//2 part left,
# n//2 part right, and one middle line
# i.e; columns m = n + 1
m = n+1
 
# loops for upper part
for i in range(n//2-1):
    for j in range(m):
         
        # condition for printing stars to GFG upper line
        if i == n//2-2 and (j == 0 or j == m-1):
            print("*", end=" ")
             
        # condition for printing stars to left upper
        elif j <= m//2 and ((i+j == n//2-3 and j <= m//4) \
                            or (j-i == m//2-n//2+3 and j > m//4)):
            print("*", end=" ")
             
        # condition for printing stars to right upper
        elif j > m//2 and ((i+j == n//2-3+m//2 and j < 3*m//4) \
                           or (j-i == m//2-n//2+3+m//2 and j >= 3*m//4)):
            print("*", end=" ")
             
        # condition for printing spaces
        else:
            print(" ", end=" ")
    print()
 
# loops for lower part
for i in range(n//2-1, n):
    for j in range(m):
         
        # condition for printing stars
        if (i-j == n//2-1) or (i+j == n-1+m//2):
            print('*', end=" ")
             
        # condition for printing GFG
        elif i == n//2-1:
             
            if j == m//2-1 or j == m//2+1:
                print('G', end=" ")
            elif j == m//2:
                print('F', end=" ")
            else:
                print(' ', end=" ")
                 
        # condition for printing spaces
        else:
            print(' ', end=" ")
             
    print()

                    

Output:

                              
      * *           * *       
    *     *       *     *     
  *         *   *         *   
*             *             * 
*                           * 
*           G F G           * 
  *                       *   
    *                   *     
      *               *       
        *           *         
          *       *           
            *   *             
              *               

Time complexity: O(n2) for given input n

Auxiliary Space: O(1)



Last Updated : 05 Aug, 2022
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