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Difference between Static and Dynamic Routing

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Both Static routing and Dynamic routing are the Types of Routing

Static Routing: 

Static Routing is also known as non-adaptive routing which doesn’t change the routing table unless the network administrator changes or modifies them manually. Static routing does not use complex routing algorithms and It provides high or more security than dynamic routing. 
Dynamic Routing: 

Dynamic routing is also known as adaptive routing which changes the routing table according to the change in topology. Dynamic routing uses complex routing algorithms and it does not provide high security like static routing. When the network change(topology) occurs, it sends the message to the router to ensure that changes then the routes are recalculated for sending updated routing information. 
Difference between Static and Dynamic Routing:

S.NOStatic RoutingDynamic Routing
1.In static routing routes are user-defined.In dynamic routing, routes are updated according to the topology.
2.Static routing does not use complex routing algorithms.Dynamic routing uses complex routing algorithms.
3.Static routing provides high or more security.Dynamic routing provides less security.
4.Static routing is manual.Dynamic routing is automated.
5.Static routing is implemented in small networks.Dynamic routing is implemented in large networks.
6.In static routing, additional resources are not required.In dynamic routing, additional resources are required.
7.In static routing, failure of the link disrupts the rerouting.In dynamic routing, failure of the link does not interrupt the rerouting.
8.Less Bandwidth is required in Static Routing.More Bandwidth is required in Dynamic Routing.
9.Static Routing is difficult to configure.Dynamic Routing is easy to configure.
10.Another name for static routing is non-adaptive routing.Another name for dynamic routing is adaptive routing.

Last Updated : 21 Feb, 2023
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