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Difference between FTP and TFTP

Last Updated : 03 Mar, 2023
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FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. This type of protocol is used to transfer or copies the file from one host to another host. But there may be some problems like different file name and different file directory while sending and receiving file in different hosts or systems. And in FTP, secure channel is not provided to transfer the files between the hosts or systems. FTP works on two ports: 20 and 21 One for data and another is for connection control. 

TFTP stands for Trivial File Transfer Protocol. TFTP is used to transfer a file either from client to server or from server to client without the need of FTP feature. Software of TFTP is smaller than FTP. TFTP works on 69 Port number and its service is provided by UDP. 


Difference between FTP and TFTP




Purpose Transfer files between computers Transfer files between computers
Connection Establishes a connection between two computers, allowing for a more complex set of commands and options Establishes a connection between two computers, but with a more limited set of commands and options
Authentication Uses username and password for authentication Does not support authentication
Security Encrypts data transfer Does not encrypt data transfer
Error handling Can recover from errors during transfer Does not have error recovery
File transfer mode Supports both ASCII and binary transfer modes Only supports binary transfer mode
Transfer options Supports resuming interrupted transfers and setting transfer mode, transfer type, and other options Does not support any transfer options

In general, FTP is a more robust and feature-rich protocol for transferring files, while TFTP is simpler and easier to set up but has fewer options and capabilities. FTP is commonly used for transferring larger files or transferring files between computers with different architectures, while TFTP is often used in small networks where a simple file transfer solution is sufficient.

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