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DatePicker in Kotlin
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 19 Feb, 2021

Android DatePicker is a user interface control which is used to select the date by day, month and year in our android application. DatePicker is used to ensure that the users will select a valid date.

In android DatePicker having two modes, first one to show the complete calendar and second one shows the dates in spinner view.

We can create a DatePicker control in two ways either manually in XML file or create it in Activity file programmatically.

First we create a new project by following the below steps:

  1. Click on File, then New => New Project.
  2. After that include the Kotlin support and click on next.
  3. Select the minimum SDK as per convenience and click next button.
  4. Then select the Empty activity => next => finish.

Android DatePicker with Calendar mode

We can use android:datePickerMode to show only calendar view. In the below example, we are using the DatePicker in Calendar mode.






<DatePicker
    android:id="@+id/datePicker"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:datePickerMode="calendar"/>

The above code of DatePicker can be seen in android application like this

Android DatePicker with Spinner mode

We can also show the DatePicker in spinner format like selecting the day, month and year separately, by using android:datePickerMode attribute and set android:calendarViewShown=”false”, otherwise both spinner and calender can be seen simultaneously.




<DatePicker
    android:id="@+id/datePicker1"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:datePickerMode="spinner"
    android:calendarViewShown="false"/>

The above code of DatePicker can be seen in android application like this

Different attributes of DatePicker control –

XML AttributesDescription
android:idUsed to uniquely identify the control.
android:datePickerModeUsed to specify the mode of datepicker(spinner or calendar)
android:calendarTextColorUsed to specify the color of the text.
android:calendarViewShownUsed to specify whether view of the calendar is shown or not.
android:backgroundUsed to set background color of the Text View.
android:paddingUsed to set the padding from left, right, top and bottom.

To use Calender DatePicker in activity_main.xml

In this file, we will add the DatePicker and Button widget and set their attributes so that it can be accessed in the kotlin file.




<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:id="@+id/linear_layout"
    android:gravity = "center">
  
    <DatePicker
        android:id="@+id/date_Picker"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"/>
</LinearLayout>

To use Spinner DatePicker in activity_main.xml

In this file, we will add the DatePicker and Button widget and set their attributes so that it can be accessed in the kotlin file.




<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:id="@+id/linear_layout"
    android:gravity = "center">
  
    <DatePicker
        android:id="@+id/date_Picker"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:datePickerMode = "spinner"
        android:calendarViewShown="false"/>
</LinearLayout>

Modify the strings.xml file to add the string-array

Here, we will specify the name of the activity.




<resources>
    <string name="app_name">DatePickerInKotlin</string>
</resources>

Access the DatePicker in MainActivity.kt file

First of all, we declare a variable datePicker to access the DatePicker widget from the XML layout.

val datePicker = findViewById<DatePicker>(R.id.date_Picker)

then, we declare another variable today to get the current get like this.

val today = Calendar.getInstance()
    datePicker.init(today.get(Calendar.YEAR), today.get(Calendar.MONTH),
    today.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)

To display the selected date from the calendar we will use

 { view, year, month, day ->
            val month = month + 1
            val msg = "You Selected: $day/$month/$year"
            Toast.makeText(this@MainActivity, msg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
 }

We are familiar with further activities in previous articles like accessing button and set OnClickListener etc.




package com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstkotlinapp
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.*
import java.util.*
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        val datePicker = findViewById<DatePicker>(R.id.date_Picker)
        val today = Calendar.getInstance()
        datePicker.init(today.get(Calendar.YEAR), today.get(Calendar.MONTH),
            today.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)
  
        ) { view, year, month, day ->
            val month = month + 1
            val msg = "You Selected: $day/$month/$year"
            Toast.makeText(this@MainActivity, msg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
        }
    }
}

AndroidManifest.xml file




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
package="com.geeksforgeeks.myfirstkotlinapp">
  
<application
    android:allowBackup="true"
    android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
    android:label="@string/app_name"
    android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
    android:supportsRtl="true"
    android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
    <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
        <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
  
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>
</application>
  
</manifest>

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