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Create ToDo App using ReactJS

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In this article, we will create a to-do app to understand the basics of ReactJS. We will be working with class based components in this application and use the React-Bootstrap module to style the components. This to-do list can add new tasks we can also delete the tasks by clicking on them. The logic is handled by a click event handler whenever the user clicks on a task it gets deleted from the list.

Lets have a quick look at how the final application will look like:

ToDo App using ReactJS

ToDo App using ReactJS 

Steps to create the Application:

  • NPX: It is a package runner tool that comes with npm 5.2+, npx is easy to use CLI tools. The npx is used for executing Node packages.
npx create-react-app todo-react
  • Now, goto the folder
cd todo-react
  • Install the bootstrap and react-bootstrap module
npm install bootstrap
npm install react-bootstrap

After following the above steps the Folder structure will look like:

Folder Structure:

 

The dependencies in package.json file will look like:

"dependencies": {
    "@testing-library/jest-dom": "^5.16.5",
    "@testing-library/react": "^13.4.0",
    "@testing-library/user-event": "^13.5.0",
    "react": "^18.2.0",
    "bootstrap": "^5.3.0",
    "react-bootstrap": "^2.7.4",
    "react-dom": "^18.2.0",
    "react-scripts": "5.0.1",
    "web-vitals": "^2.1.4"
}

Example: Write the below code in App.js file in the src directory

javascript

// App.js File
import React, { Component } from "react";
import "bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css";
import Container from "react-bootstrap/Container";
import Row from "react-bootstrap/Row";
import Col from "react-bootstrap/Col";
import Button from "react-bootstrap/Button";
import InputGroup from "react-bootstrap/InputGroup";
import FormControl from "react-bootstrap/FormControl";
import ListGroup from "react-bootstrap/ListGroup";
  
class App extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
  
        // Setting up state
        this.state = {
            userInput: "",
            list: [],
        };
    }
  
    // Set a user input value
    updateInput(value) {
        this.setState({
            userInput: value,
        });
    }
  
    // Add item if user input in not empty
    addItem() {
        if (this.state.userInput !== "") {
            const userInput = {
                // Add a random id which is used to delete
                id: Math.random(),
  
                // Add a user value to list
                value: this.state.userInput,
            };
  
            // Update list
            const list = [...this.state.list];
            list.push(userInput);
  
            // reset state
            this.setState({
                list,
                userInput: "",
            });
        }
    }
  
    // Function to delete item from list use id to delete
    deleteItem(key) {
        const list = [...this.state.list];
  
        // Filter values and leave value which we need to delete
        const updateList = list.filter((item) => item.id !== key);
  
        // Update list in state
        this.setState({
            list: updateList,
        });
    }
  
    editItem = (index) => {
      const todos = [...this.state.list];
      const editedTodo = prompt('Edit the todo:');
      if (editedTodo !== null && editedTodo.trim() !== '') {
        let updatedTodos = [...todos]
        updatedTodos[index].value= editedTodo
        this.setState({
          list: updatedTodos,
      });
      }
    }
  
    render() {
        return (
            <Container>
                <Row
                    style={{
                        display: "flex",
                        justifyContent: "center",
                        alignItems: "center",
                        fontSize: "3rem",
                        fontWeight: "bolder",
                    }}
                >
                    TODO LIST
                </Row>
  
                <hr />
                <Row>
                    <Col md={{ span: 5, offset: 4 }}>
                        <InputGroup className="mb-3">
                            <FormControl
                                placeholder="add item . . . "
                                size="lg"
                                value={this.state.userInput}
                                onChange={(item) =>
                                    this.updateInput(item.target.value)
                                }
                                aria-label="add something"
                                aria-describedby="basic-addon2"
                            />
                            <InputGroup>
                                <Button
                                    variant="dark"
                                    className="mt-2"
                                    onClick={() => this.addItem()}
                                >
                                    ADD
                                </Button>
                            </InputGroup>
                        </InputGroup>
                    </Col>
                </Row>
                <Row>
                    <Col md={{ span: 5, offset: 4 }}>
                        <ListGroup>
                            {/* map over and print items */}
                            {this.state.list.map((item, index) => {
                                return (
                                  <div key = {index} > 
                                    <ListGroup.Item
                                        variant="dark"
                                        action
                                        style={{display:"flex",
                                                justifyContent:'space-between'
                                      }}
                                    >
                                        {item.value}
                                        <span>
                                        <Button style={{marginRight:"10px"}}
                                        variant = "light"
                                        onClick={() => this.deleteItem(item.id)}>
                                          Delete
                                        </Button>
                                        <Button variant = "light"
                                        onClick={() => this.editItem(index)}>
                                          Edit
                                        </Button>
                                        </span>
                                    </ListGroup.Item>
                                  </div>
                                );
                            })}
                        </ListGroup>
                    </Col>
                </Row>
            </Container>
        );
    }
}
  
export default App;

                    

Steps to run the Application:

  • Type the following command in the terminal:
npm start
  • Type the following URL in the browser:
 http://localhost:3000/

Output:

ToDo App using ReactJS

ToDo App using ReactJS 



Last Updated : 07 Jun, 2023
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