Open In App

Top 10 Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2024

Last Updated : 02 May, 2024
Like Article

Best Programming Language to Learn in 2024: Mastering the top programming languages has become important to stay ahead in the fast-moving digital world. As we journey through 2024, the demand for skilled coders proficient in these languages remains high, offering exciting career opportunities and chances to create groundbreaking innovations.


This article begins with a perceptive investigation into the top programming languages that are predicted to rule the computer industry in 2024. We go deeply into the essence of each language’s significance and the distinct opportunities they present, from enduring favorites who have solidified their places to emerging hopefuls giving new viewpoints. Here is the list of top programming languages of 2024:

List of Top 10 Best Programming Languages

  1. Python
  2. JavaScript
  3. Java
  4. C and C++
  5. Golang
  6. Swift
  7. Kotlin
  8. C#
  9. R
  10. PHP

1. Python

If we talk about easy-to-read, easy-to-learn, and coding languages for beginners then nothing can beat Python to come in the list of best programming language and that makes it an excellent choice for beginners. Python is now being introduced as the very first language in the majority of universities all over the globe.

Django, Flask, and Pyramid these all Python frameworks that are popular among developers. Python syntax is user-friendly in comparison to other languages and that increases developers’ productivity eventually. These all are the reason it is among one of the Top Programming languages. 

Python Course: Python Programming Foundation -Self Paced

Features Of Python

  • Open source and object-oriented.
  • Can be integrated with C and C++.
  • Cross-browser support.
  • Career in various fields such as Scripting, Web Development, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, and Big Data.
  • 1M+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on Python: Google, Facebook, Instagram, Spotify, Paytm, Netflix, Quora.

2. JavaScript

Last year JavaScript was at the top of the coding languages for beginners, StackOverflow survey report and this year it will be also one of the most popular languages among developers. Android, iOS, or desktop JavaScript is almost everywhere and in best programming languages.

JavaScript is providing ultimate business solutions and that is the reason it is on the top of the list for a tech startup and for tech giant companies as well. If you are looking for a job quickly and easily then JavaScript opens a lot of opportunities for you in the job market.

JavaScript is now used for both the frontend and backend side. There are so many frameworks and libraries available for JavaScript that are quite popular among web developers such as AngularJs, React, Vue, Meteor, and a lot more. 

JavaScript Course: Master JavaScript – Complete Beginner to Advanced

Features of Angular

  • Interpreted, light-weighted, Object-oriented programming.
  • Annual updates.
  • Used for both server-side and client-side programming.
  • Compatible with several programming languages
  • 629K+ Repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on JavaScript: Google, Facebook, Dell, eBay, PayPal, Uber

3. Java

Whether you are in the programming field or not you must have definitely heard about this popular programming language. The reason why Java is on the list of top programming languages is that there are so many large organizations still working on this language.

Java is widely used in Android app development and for building enterprise-scale web applications. Google has also created an excellent Java-based Android development framework – Android Studio.

There was a little bit decline in the popularity of Java but Spring Boot (the framework of Java) is gaining enormous popularity these days because of some of the recent refinement in the frameworks done recently. The recent update in this framework made it fantastic and probably, it will boost up in the future as well.

Java Programming Course: Master Java Programming – Complete Beginner to Advanced

Features of Java

  • Open source, Object-Oriented language.
  • Cross-platform compatible.
  • Stability, Strong memory management, and automatic garbage collection.
  • High performance, top-notch security.
  • Platform independent because of JVM feature.
  • 1M+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on Java: HCL, Adobe, Intuit, Qualcomm, Flipkart, Amazon.

4. C and C++

Surely python and JavaScript are easy-to-learn and easy-to-use languages for most of the applications but when it comes to choosing the fastest language then C and C++ are the best choices and it is one of the top programming languages in the programming world.

A lot of low-level stuff such as operating systems, file systems, embedded systems, and kernel development can be built using C or C++. Almost all the modern and popular languages today inherit the properties of C and C++. C++ is still used in Microsoft Windows and Google projects. Apple also uses C++ language to develop its iOS operating system.

Features of C and C++

  • C++ is an object-oriented programming language.
  • Availability of ready-to-use STL libraries in C++.
  • Used in Game development, GUI applications, Desktop applications, and real-time mathematical simulations.
  • 7M+ repositories for C and 560K+ repositories for C++ on Github
  • Companies working on C and C++: eBay, Spotify, Adobe, Oracle, HP, Huawei, IBM, PhonePe

5. Golang

GoLang was developed by Google and it is also a simple language and top programming Languages like Python so people who love to work on Python, they will definitely love this language as well. This language is pretty much already popular and scaling quite a lot at the backend services.

In past years this language didn’t get much popularity but in 2024 it will be rising quite a lot. Go language is more efficient than C++ and it provides features to write concurrent programs that are difficult in other programming languages. Revel, Beego, Martini, Gin all are popular frameworks of this language.

Features Of Golang

  • Excellent support for multithreading.
  • Fast and easy to learn syntax.
  • Ideal for building SPAs (single-page applications).
  • Can be used in a Distributed System, Big data, Cloud Computing, and other large-scale or complex applications.
  • 729K+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on Golang: Uber, Google, Dailymotion, Fabric, Medium.

6. Swift

Swift programming language is developed by Apple used to develop iOS applications. We all know the popularity of iOS applications in the market so it’s not going anywhere in 2024 as well. It is best programming languages among iOS development languages.

Earlier we just had one single option, Swift, to enter iOS development but now we also have the option of Flutter and React native in the iOS market so you will see a little bit of a decline in the popularity of this language. Still, some of the things can only be done in Swift language (ex-payment stuff ) so definitely, it’s worth learning Swift programming language.

Cocoa and CloudKit these two are popular frameworks of Swift programming language.

Swift Course Online: iOS Development for Beginners: Master Swift & App Building for Free

Features of Swift

  • Used in iOS applications, MacOS development, TvOS development, and the whole Apple ecosystem.
  • Scalable and easy to add new features.
  • Easy-to-read syntax
  • Automatic memory management prevents memory leaks.
  • Fast in comparison of Objective-C and Python.
  • 161K+ repositories on GitHub
  • Companies working on Swift: Apple, Amazon, Walmart, Uber, Slack.

7. Kotlin

Kotlin was one of the best programming languages in 2024 and the popularity will definitely increase in 2025 as well. When it comes to Android app development Kotlin has become a recent choice for developers.

It can be used with both frontend and backend frameworks. The language comes with features such as interoperability with Java as well as Android Studio support. You can do amazing things with fewer bugs and fewer lines of code using Kotlin.

Some of the popular frameworks are Ktor, Vertex, and Spring. You all know the popularity of Android in the market so Kotlin opens a lot of job opportunities to the developers. 

Kotlin Android Course: Mastering Android Development with Kotlin From Beginner to Pro

Features of Kotlin

  • Object-oriented and cross-platform programming language.
  • Secure and flexible.
  • Easy to debug.
  • 79K+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on Kotlin: Airtel, Lenskart, Pinterest, Basecamp, Slack, Trello, Google, Netflix.

8. C#

C# is the one of the top programming languages that is developed by Microsoft and it is still a quite popular programming language used in web development, game development (X-box, virtual reality, and Unity 3D games), and in Windows applications.

It has a comprehensive set of libraries that makes the execution and compilation of the program very fast. It is majorly used with the Dot Net framework(.NET). 

Features of C#

  • General purpose object-oriented programming language.
  • Fully integrated with the .NET library.
  • 19K+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on C#: Intellectsoft, Philips, Capgemini.

9. R

R is the most best programming languages for statistical analysis, data science, and machine learning. It is usually featured in the financial domain to build statistical models.

It provides the ability to create web applications and it also has a huge set of libraries with more than 10, 000 packages. If you want to join the team of “Analytics” then you should definitely choose this language in 2024. 

Features of R

  • Open source and cross-platform compatibility.
  • R is good for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows.
  • Highly extensible.
  • 5M+ repositories on GitHub.
  • Companies working on R: Facebook, Twitter, Google, Uber, and Airbnb.

10. PHP

A lot of people agree that PHP is losing its popularity day by day but we need to mention that it is still highly ranked in the market PHP is a cheap, free, and easy-to-use language. Approx. 70-80% of websites (Ex: Facebook, Wikipedia) are still running on PHP so there is a huge demand for PHP developers in the market.

A lot of developers or freelancers are using this language for web applications. Beginners can also choose this language because there is less competition in the market due to the popularity of Python and JavaScript languages.

Codeignitor, Laravel, CakePHP, and Symfony all are popular frameworks of PHP to make dynamic web applications. 

Features Of PHP

  • Functional and Object-Oriented Programming
  • Platform independent.
  • Easy to get started for making web pages.
  • A lot of automation tools are available for testing and deployment.
  • 540K+ repositories on Github
  • Companies working on PHP: Oracle, HCL, Motorola.

Best Programming Languages to Learn For Your Career Goals

After seeing the best programming languages to learn, we should also look at the best programming languages to learn for your career. If you have made up your mind about the direction of your career this list will help you in prioritizing the languages you want to learn.

  1. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Front-end web development: JavaScript, TypeScript
  2. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Back-end web development: JavaScript, TypeScript, Python, Go, Elixir, C#
  3. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Desktop applications: Java, Python, JavaScript, TypeScript
  4. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Mobile development: Swift, Java, C#
  5. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Systems programming: C, Rust, Go
  6. Best Programming Languages to Learn For Game development: C#


All in all, this guide will help you decide best programming languages for 2024. Each language has its own strengths and career opportunities. From Python’s flexibility to C#’s use in game development, each language has its own advantages and career prospects. Whether you want to develop AI, develop mobile apps, or analyze data, this guide can help you find the right language for you.

Programming languages are important tools, and each one has its own benefits and uses. Learning a programming language can open up a lot of doors in different industries. Keep an eye on trends to make an informed decision about which languages you should learn. Start with Python or JavaScript. Both are great for beginners and are widely used in industry.

Top Programming Languages To Learn In 2024 – FAQs

What is the most useful programming language to learn?

Python and JavaScript are the most popular languages to learn, they have wide range of applications. If you are new to coding you can start your programming journey with Python and JavaScript.

Which coding language is easy?

Python, it is considered most easy programming language due to it’s easy syntax and cluster-eliminating practice

Which programming languages are in most demand?

Python, Java, SQL, .NET and Visual Basic are some of the most demanded programming languages

What are the best programming languages to learn for placement?

Python, JavaScript, C/C++ are some of the most important coding languages and asked in interviews. Learning them might give you slight advantage during placements.

How much time will it take to learn Python?

Learning the fundamentals of Python typically requires a time frame ranging from two to six months. However, within minutes, one can grasp enough to compose their initial short program. Achieving proficiency in Python’s extensive collection of libraries, on the other hand, may necessitate months or even years of dedicated effort.

Which is the top programming language?

It’s hard to say definitively, but languages like Python, JavaScript, and Java are among the most popular and widely used in 2024.

Which language is best for programmer?

It depends on what you want to do. Python is versatile, JavaScript for web, and Java for Android apps are good choices.

Is C++ still in demand in 2024?

Yes, C++ remains in demand for system programming, game development, and high-performance computing due to its efficiency and control.

Like Article
Suggest improvement
Share your thoughts in the comments

Similar Reads