HTML | colspan Attribute

The colspan attribute in HTML specifies the number of columns a cell should span. It allows the single table cell to span the width of more than one cell or column. It provides the same functionality as “merge cell” in the spreadsheet program like Excel.

Usage: It can be used with <td> and <th> element while creating an HTML Table.

  • <td>: The colspan attribute when used with <td> tag determines the number of standard cells it should span.
    Syntax:



    <td colspan = "value">table content...</td>
    

    The value specifies the number of columns that the cell fills. The value must be an integer.

    Example:

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    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <title>HTML colspan Attribute</title>
        <style>
          
            table, th, td {
                border: 1px solid black;
                border-collapse: collapse;
                padding: 6px;
                text-align:center;
            }
      
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <center>
            <h1 style="color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
            <h2>HTML colspan Attribute</h2>
            <table>
                <tr>
                    <th>Name</th>
                    <th>Expense</th>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td>Arun</td>
                    <td>$10</td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td>Priya</td>
                    <td>$8</td>
                </tr>
      
                <!-- The last row -->
                <tr>
                    <!-- This td will span two columns, that is a 
                    single column will take up the space of 2 -->
                    <td colspan="2">Sum: $18</td>
                </tr>
            </table>
        </center>
    </body>
      
    </html>                 

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    Output:
    colspan

  • <th>: The colspan attribute when used with <th> tag determines the number of header cells it should span.
    Syntax:

    <th colspan = "value">table content...</th>
    

    The value specifies the number of columns that the cell fills. The value must be a integer.
    Example:

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    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <title>HTML colspan Attribute</title>
        <style>
            table,
            th,
            td {
                border: 1px solid black;
                border-collapse: collapse;
                padding: 6px;
                text-align: center;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <center>
            <h1 style="color: green;">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
            <h2>HTML colspan Attribute</h2>
      
            <table>
                <tr>
                    <th colspan="2">Expense</th>
                </tr>
      
                <tr>
                    <td>Arun</td>
                    <td>$10</td>
                </tr>
      
                <tr>
                    <td>Priya</td>
                    <td>$8</td>
                </tr>
            </table>
        </center>
    </body>
      
    </html>     

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    Output:
    colspan

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by colspan attribute are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Safari


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