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CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Notes

Last Updated : 22 Apr, 2024
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Accountancy is a practice through which business transactions are recorded, classified, and reported for the proper and successful running of an organization. GeeksforGeeks Class 11 Accountancy Notes have been designed according to the CBSE Syllabus for Class 11. These revision notes consist of detailed Chapterwise important topics and concepts. Here, the learners can get easy access to the Chapterwise notes from the below-mentioned quick links. The notes contain 11 chapters covering every important topic like Bills of Exchange, GAAP, Financial Statements, Journal, Ledger, Reserves, Depreciation, Bank Reconciliation Statement, Trial Balance, and many more. 


Chapter 1: Introduction to Accounting

Accounting means identifying, recording, measuring, and communicating the Accounting Information with its different users. Chapter 1 Introduction of Accounting of Class 11th Accountancy describes the basic concept of accounting, accounting information, and different users of accounting information in detail for a better understanding of the subject. The notes of this chapter also contain basic accounting terms like capital, profit, loss, drawings, purchase, sale, etc., to build a strong base of the subject so that the learners can easily understand further chapters.

Chapter 2: Theory Base of Accounting

The second chapter of Class 11th Accountancy Part-A consists of the basis of accounting and accounting standards. The notes also cover the basic and important accounting concepts in detail, like Business Entity Concept, Going Concern Concept, Cost Concept, Matching Concept, and many more. The below-mentioned quick links also describe the International Financial Reporting Standards and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles for accounting. Another major topic to understand the concept of Accounting, Single and Double Entry Systems of Accounting, is also mentioned in the notes. 

Chapter 3: Recording of Business Transactions

As we know from the definition of Accountancy, the business transactions of an organization are recorded for further reference and preparation of financial statements. The third chapter of Class 11th Accountancy Part-A contains all the required information on how to record a transaction, where to record a transaction, and how to transfer the recorded transactions from Journal to Ledger. It is the most important chapter of Accountancy as it will help in solving the full-fledged questions of Accountancy. The notes of this chapter include detailed knowledge of the important topics like Accounting Equation, Journal Entry, Cash Book, Sales Book, Ledger, and many more with meaning, format and examples. The below-mentioned quick links are sufficient to understand the Recording of Business Transactions. 

Chapter 4: Bank Reconciliation Statement

The fourth chapter of Class 11th Accountancy, Bank Reconciliation Statement is one of the important chapters of Accountancy. The notes of this chapter cover the meaning, format, and example of the Bank Reconciliation Statement. It also describes how to prepare a statement reconciling the balances of an organization’s Cash Book and Pass Book. 

Chapter 5: Depreciation, Provisions, and Reserves

The fifth chapter of Class 11th Accountancy Part-A is Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves. The important topics covered in the notes of this chapter are Depreciation, Methods of Calculating Depreciation (SLM and WDV Methods), Accounting Treatment of Depreciation, Reserves, Provisions, Different types of Reserves, and many more. The notes provide detailed information on these topics with formulas to calculate and examples for a better understanding of the topic. 

Chapter 6: Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors

Although Trial Balance is not a part of the accounting process of an organization, it is essential to ascertain the accuracy of the Ledger Accounts and determine any mistake or error in the Accounts. Chapter 6 of Class 11th Accountancy Part-A, Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors covers the detailed information on how to prepare a trial balance, its format, objectives, etc. The notes also consist of important topics like Detection of Errors in Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, and Suspense Account. 

Chapter 7: Bills of Exchange

The last chapter of Class 11th Accountancy Part-A is Bills of Exchange. The important topics covered in the notes of this chapter are Bills of Exchange, Promissory Note, How these two (Bills of Exchange and Promissory Note) are different from each other, its accounting treatment, and important terms such as Term of Bill, Accommodation Bill, Discounting of Bill, Maturity of Bill, etc. 


Chapter 1: Financial Statements

Financial Statements are statements depicting the financial position, profit and loss, and cash flow position of an organization. The first chapter of Accountancy Part-B contains detailed information about the financial statements and their adjustments. The notes also describe the purpose and importance of preparing the financial statements for an organization and its different users. Other important topics of this chapter are Stakeholders, Capital, Revenue, Operating Profit, and many more. 

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