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Build a Text Translator Web App using Flask and Azure Cognitive Services

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 27 Apr, 2021
Geek Week

We’re going to create a website that will translate text into multiple languages using Artificial Intelligence(AI). We’ll use Flask framework for the Front end and Azure Cognitive Services(collection of AI services) for the Back end. 

To get started writing our Flask application with Python, we need to set up our development environment, which will require a couple of items to be installed.

Step 1: Creating the project directory

We can create a project directory from a command or terminal window with one of the following commands :

For Windows :

md FlaskAiApp
cd FlaskAiApp

For mac or linux :



mkdir FlaskAiApp
cd FlaskAiApp

Note: Keep the command or terminal window open for the entire module.

Step 2: Creating the Python virtual environment

Python’s virtual environment isn’t necessarily as complex as it sounds. Instead of creating a virtual machine or container, create a virtual environment which  is a folder containing all the libraries we need to run our application, including the Python runtime itself. By using a virtual environment, we make our applications modular, allowing us to keep them separate from each other and avoid versioning issues. When working with Python, you should always use virtual environments as a best practice. Write the following commands in the command or terminal window. 

For Windows :

# Create the environment
python -m venv venv

# Activate the environment
.\\venv\\scripts\\activate

For macOS and Linux :

# Create the environment
python3 -m venv venv

# Activate the environment
source ./venv/bin/activate

Step 3: Installing Flask and other libraries

With our virtual environment created and activated, the library Flask that we need for our website can now be installed. We will install Flask by following a common convention to create the requirements.txt file. The requirements.txt file is not special in and of itself; it is a text file where we list the libraries required for our application. But the convention is typically used by developers, making it easier to manage applications where multiple libraries are dependent.

Open the project directory in Visual Studio Code and create the requirements.txt file and add the following text:

Return to the command prompt or terminal window and perform the installation by using pip to run the following command :-



pip install -r requirements.txt

Step 4: Creating app.py

Usually, a file called app.py is an entry point for Flask applications. Create a file name app.py in the project directory. 

After creating app.py file add the following code :

Python3




from flask import Flask, render_template
  
app = Flask(__name__)

The import declaration contains references to Flask, which is the core of any Flask program. In a while, if we want to return our HTML, we can use the render template.

We will use one route – ‘/’. This route is often called either the default route or the index route since it is used when the user does not have something other than the domain name or the server.  Now let us add the route method by using the following code. 

Python3




@app.route('/', methods=['GET'])
def index():
    return render_template('index.html')

By using @app.route, we indicate the route that we want to create. The path is ‘/’, which is the default route. We indicate that this is going to be used for GET. If a GET request is received for /, Flask will automatically call the function. In the index body, we indicate that we are going to return the HTML template named index.html to the user.

Step 5: Create the HTML template

Let us create the Jinja (the templating engine for Flask). First, create the folder name templates and create the index.html file inside the templates folder. Add the following code:



HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
        integrity="sha384-TX8t27EcRE3e/ihU7zmQxVncDAy5uIKz4rEkgIXeMed4M0jlfIDPvg6uqKI2xXr2" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>Text Translator</title>
</head>
    
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <h1>Test Translation service</h1>
        <div>Enter the text you wish to translate, choose the language, and click Translate button</div>
        <div>
            <form method="POST">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <textarea name="text" cols="20" rows="10" 
                              class="form-control"></textarea>
                </div>
                <div class="form-group">
                    <label for="language">Language:</label>
                    <select name="language" class="form-control">
                        <option value="en">English</option>
                        <option value="it">Italian</option>
                        <option value="ja">Japanese</option>
                        <option value="ru">Russian</option>
                        <option value="de">German</option>
                    </select>
                </div>
                <div>
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Translate</button>
                </div>
            </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
    
</html>

Step 6: Testing the application

Open the terminal in the Visual Studio Code and run the following commands:

For Windows:  

set FLASK_ENV=development

For macOS/Linux:  

export FLASK_ENV=development

Run the application: 

flask run

Open the application in a browser by navigating to http://localhost:5000. The index.html will be displayed.

Step 7: Creating Back-end using Azure Cognitive Services

Azure offers Cognitive services, which include computer vision services, speech to text, and text to speech and text translation services. You can access any of these services via software developer kits (SDKs) or by calling them the same way you would call any other HTTP endpoint. You’ll need an Azure account to use Cognitive Services. We’ll need a key to call Translator Service (or any other Cognitive Service). This key will be used whenever we have access to the service. The key is the same as the password.

Now let’s create the Translator Service key using the Azure portal and store it into the .env file in our application.

1. Browse to Azure portal.



2. Select Create a resource.

 3. In the search box enter Translator.

4. Select Create.

5.  Complete the given form:

  • Subscription: Your subscription
  • Resource group:
    • Select Create new
    • Name: AIFlask
  • Resource group region: Select a region near you
  • Resource region: Select the same region as above
  • Name: A unique value, such as ai-yourname
  • Pricing tier: Free F0

6. Select Review+Create.

7.  Select Create.

8. Select Go to resource.

9. Select Keys and Endpoint on the left side under RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

10. Create .env file in our application to store the key.

Replace the placeholders in the .env file.

  • your_key with the key you copied above
  • your_endpoint with the endpoint from Azure
  • your_location with the location from Azure

Step 8: Calling the Translator service

At the top of the app.py file insert the following code :-

Python3




# Importing the required libraries
import requests
import os
import uuid
import json
from dotenv import load_dotenv
load_dotenv()

Now add the code to create the route and logic for translating text at the bottom of the app.py :-

Python3




# code
@app.route('/', methods=['POST'])
def index_post():
    
    # Read the values from the form
    original_text = request.form['text']
    target_language = request.form['language']
  
    # Load the values from .env
    key = os.environ['KEY']
    endpoint = os.environ['ENDPOINT']
    location = os.environ['LOCATION']
  
    # Indicate that we want to translate and the API 
    # version (3.0) and the target language
    path = '/translate?api-version=3.0'
      
    # Add the target language parameter
    target_language_parameter = '&to=' + target_language
      
    # Create the full URL
    constructed_url = endpoint + path + target_language_parameter
  
    # Set up the header information, which includes our
    # subscription key
    headers = {
        'Ocp-Apim-Subscription-Key': key,
        'Ocp-Apim-Subscription-Region': location,
        'Content-type': 'application/json',
        'X-ClientTraceId': str(uuid.uuid4())
    }
  
    # Create the body of the request with the text to be
    # translated
    body = [{'text': original_text}]
  
    # Make the call using post
    translator_request = requests.post(
        constructed_url, headers=headers, json=body)
      
    # Retrieve the JSON response
    translator_response = translator_request.json()
      
    # Retrieve the translation
    translated_text = translator_response[0]['translations'][0]['text']
  
    # Call render template, passing the translated text,
    # original text, and target language to the template
    return render_template(
        'results.html',
        translated_text=translated_text,
        original_text=original_text,
        target_language=target_language
    )

Step 9 :- Creating the template to display the results 

Let us create the file name results.html in the templates folder and add the following HTML code :-

HTML






<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
        integrity="sha384-TX8t27EcRE3e/ihU7zmQxVncDAy5uIKz4rEkgIXeMed4M0jlfIDPvg6uqKI2xXr2" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <title>Result</title>
</head>
    
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <h2>Results</h2>
        <div>
            <strong>Original text:</strong> {{ original_text }}
        </div>
        <div>
            <strong>Translated text:</strong> {{ translated_text }}
        </div>
        <div>
            <strong>Target language code:</strong> {{ target_language }}
        </div>
        <div>
            <a href="{{ url_for('index') }}">Try another one!</a>
        </div>
    </div>
</body>
    
</html>

Step 10: Let’s Test our Text Translation Service Application

Execute the command flask run in the terminal to restart the service and browse to http://localhost:5000 to test your application.

Result:

Successfully we had created an AI application using Python, Flask and Azure Cognitive Services that translates the text into different languages.

 Attention geek! Strengthen your foundations with the Python Programming Foundation Course and learn the basics.  

To begin with, your interview preparations Enhance your Data Structures concepts with the Python DS Course. And to begin with your Machine Learning Journey, join the Machine Learning – Basic Level Course




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