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Best Way To Start Learning Core Java – A Complete Roadmap

Last Updated : 20 Sep, 2023
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In the corporate world, they say “Java is immortal!”. It is one of the most robust programming languages that is currently used in more than 3 billion devices. It is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language designed at Sun Microsystems in 1991. In the current era, Java is one of the most famous programming languages as it can be utilized to design highly scalable applications that are light and fast and serve a variety of purposes.


So why Java is very popular? What are the top reasons we should learn Java? So we are going to give you the top 10 reasons why should you learn Java programming language.

  1. The Popularity and High Salary
  2. Easy to Learn
  3. Large Community
  4. Abundant API
  5. Multiple Open Source Libraries
  6. Powerful Development Tools
  7. Free of Cost
  8. Platform Independent
  9. Great Documentation Support
  10. Java is Versatile

Read the complete article here: Top 10 Reasons to Learn Java

Apart from that, there are many reasons to learn Java Programming language. So now it is clear why one should learn Java. Now the questions that arise are, how to learn java? how to become a java developer? how to start? Where to start? What topics one should cover? etc. Do you need to learn all the concepts from a book or you should go with some online tutorials or you should learn Java by doing some projects on it? In this article, let’s discuss all these things in detail.

Roadmap to Learn Java

Start with the Overview of Java. Read some Java-related blogs and also research some Java-related things. For example read blogs on Introduction to Java, History of Java, Different Versions of Java, and also topics like Why Java is still so popular in 2022, etc., etc., and make a complete mind makeup to start your journey on Java. Make yourself self-motivated to learn Java and build some awesome projects using Java. Do it regularly and also start learning one by one new concepts on Java. It will be very better to join some workshops or conferences on Java before you start your journey. 

1) Data Types and Variables

If Java is your 1st programming language then you should start learning the following concepts. 

2) Features and Architecture

You need to learn some of the important features of Java programming language such as why Java is secure, portable, object-oriented, robust, multithreaded, etc. along with the architecture, how a Java program executes, what makes Java as a Platform independent language, etc. You need to cover the following concepts in this section. 

3) Operator and Expressions

Operators are used for performing operations on variables and values and they can be classified based on the functionality they provide. Some of the types are Arithmetic Operators, Unary Operators, Assignment Operators, Relational Operators, Logical Operators, etc. You need to cover the following concepts in this section. 

  • Arithmetic Operators and Expressions
  • Bitwise Operator – AND, OR & XOR
  • Bitwise Operator – Left Shift, Right Shift & NOT
  • Increment and Decrement Operators
  • Bit Masking and Merging

4) String Class

Strings in Java are Objects that are supported internally by a char array. Since arrays are immutable(cannot grow), Strings are immutable as well. Whenever a modification to a String is made, a completely new String is constructed. You need to cover the following concepts: 

5) Conditional Statements

In Java the following java conditional statements are present and you need to cover all these concepts in detail. 

6) Loops

Looping in programming languages is a feature that enables the implementation of a set of instructions repeatedly while some condition evaluates to true. Java provides 3 ways for executing the loops. While all the ways provide equivalent functionality, they vary in their syntax and condition-checking time. In Java the following loops are present and you need to cover all these concepts in detail.

7) Arrays

The array is the collection of items stored at contiguous memory locations. The concept is to store multiple items of the same type together. This makes Array more straightforward to calculate the position of each element by just adding an offset to a base value, i.e., the memory location of the first element of the array. In Array, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

8) Methods

The method is a collection of statements that accomplish some specific task and return the result to the caller. In Java, every method must be part of some class that is different from languages like C, C++, and Python. In Methods, you need to get in-depth knowledge of the following concepts. 

9) Object-Oriented Programming (The Most Important Concept in Java to Learn)

As the name suggests, Object-Oriented Programming or OOPs refers to languages that use objects in programming. Object-oriented programming aspires to execute real-world entities like abstraction, inheritance, data hiding, polymorphism, etc. in programming. The primary goal of OOP is to bind together the data and the functions that operate on them so that no other part of the code can access this data except that function. In Object-Oriented Programming, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

To get more in-depth information about the OOPs concept click here.

10) Multithreading

Multithreading is a Java functionality that permits concurrent execution of two or more parts of a program for maximum utilization of CPU and every part of such a program is called a thread. In Multithreading, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

To get more information about Multithreading click here.

11) JAVA IO Streams

Java provides different Streams with its I/O package that helps the user to accomplish all the input-output operations. These streams support all types of objects, data types, characters, files, etc. to fully execute the I/O operations. In JAVA IO Streams, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

12) Java Generics

Generics means parameterized types. The concept is to permit type (Integer, String, … etc., and user-defined types) to be a parameter to methods, classes, and interfaces. By using Java Generics, it is possible to create classes that operate with different data types. An entity such as a class, interface, or method that operates on a parameterized type is a generic entity. In Generics, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

13) Collection Framework

Java Collection Framework is unlikely any group of individual objects that are described as a single unit is known as the collection of objects. Before in Java, there was no such thing defined that carries true for it so there arises a need in the next versions of any such concept. So in JDK 1.2, a different framework was defined known as “Collection Framework” that holds all the collection classes and interfaces in it. In Collection Framework, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

14) JDBC (Java Database Connectivity)

JDBC or Java Database Connectivity is a Java API to connect and execute the query with the database. It is a specification from Sun Microsystems that provides a standard abstraction(API or Protocol) for Java applications to communicate with various databases. In JDBC, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 

  • JDBC Drivers
  • Writing JDBC Programming
  • DML (Data Manipulation Language) using JDBC
  • DDL (Data Definition Language) using JDBC

15) Java 8

Java 8 is one of the most awaited versions of the Java programming language because of its important feature release. So one must know about those Java 8 features and is very very important to learn and practice. In Java 8, you need to learn the following concepts in detail. 


Learning a new language must be a typical task but to sustain in work culture one needs to keep learning new technologies and talking about Java, it is a never-ending world without Java. So, in this article, we tried to provide you with all the necessary resources for you to learn core Java and its elements. We hope you will get a great idea from the above-mentioned data. Best of luck with the new learning.

If you want to master Java then do visit: Master Java Programming – Complete Beginner to Advanced.


1. How many days are required to learn core Java?

The average time for an average student to learn Java from beginner to advance is 9 months, but in the end, it totally depends upon the pace of the individual.

2. Is core Java for beginners?

The Java programming language is quite simple and easy to understand. But one should know that Core Java is not that much different from Java. Java is complete in itself, but for beginners, it is suggested that the beginner must begin with the core concepts of Java.

3. Does learning core Java need any programming experience?

Yes, learning Java is possible without any prior programming experience or understanding. No matter what age, everyone can begin their planning career from scratch. It is not necessary for those learning programming to have any prior knowledge.

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