Spring Data JPA – @Id Annotation
Spring Boot is built on the top of the spring and contains all the features of spring. Spring also provides JPA and hibernate to increase the data manipulation efficiency between the spring application and the database. In very simple terms we can say JPA (Java persistence API) is like an interface and the hibernate is the implementation of the methods of the interface Like how insertion will be down is already defined with the help of hibernate. In this article, we will discuss how to make a specific variable of the class primary key in the Spring Application. @Id annotation is the JPA is used for making specific variable primary key.
Use of @Id Annotation in JPA
The @Id annotation is inherited from javax.persistence.Id, indicating the member field below is the primary key of the current entity. Hence your Hibernate and spring framework as well as you can do some reflect works based on this annotation.
Spring Initializr is a web-based tool using which we can easily generate the structure of the Spring Boot project. It also provides various different features for the projects expressed in a metadata model. This model allows us to configure the list of dependencies that are supported by JVM. Here, we will create the structure of an application using a spring initializer.
Step 1: Go to this link. Fill in the details as per the requirements. For this application:
Project: Maven Language: Java Spring Boot: 2.5.6 Packaging: JAR Java: 11 Dependencies: Spring Web,Spring Data JPA, MySql Driver
Click on Generate which will download the starter project.
Step 2: Extract the zip file. Now open a suitable IDE and then go to File > New > Project from existing sources > Mapping and select pom.xml. Click on import changes on prompt and wait for the project to sync as pictorially depicted below as follows:
Step 3: Adding the necessary properties in the application.properties file. (mapping is the database name)
spring.datasource.username=root spring.datasource.password=Aayush spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mapping spring.jpa.hibernate.ddl-auto=update
Step 4: Go to src->main->java->com->example->Mapping and create a file StudentInformation.java
Run the main application: